NU606 2020 May Week 12 Quiz Latest (100% Graded)
Week 12 Quiz
Question 1A common illness for tourists in developing countries is “traveler’s diarrhea,” often caused by
Question 2A type of diabetes that may develop during pregnancy and disappear after delivery is called
a.temporary maternal diabetes
c.acute developmental diabetes
Question 3A “gluten-free diet as required” for the client with celiac disease means avoiding
a.products containing lactose
d.proteins containing certain amino acids
Question 4An individual with peptic ulcer disease exhibits hematemesis. What does this probably indicate?
c.Erosion of a large blood vessel
d.Development of malignancy
Question 5Characteristics of Cushing syndrome include all of the following except
a.heavy body and round face
b.atrophied skeletal muscle in the limbs
c.staring eyes with infrequent blinking
d.atrophy of the lymph nodes
Question 6Diabetes may cause visual impairment through damage to the lens; this is referred to as
Question 7Differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes include which of the following?
a.Type 1 diabetes weight gain is common, and type 2 weight loss often occurs
b.Type 1 diabetes leads to fewer complications than does type 2 diabetes
c.Type 1 diabetes may be controlled by adjusting dietary intake and exercise, but type 2 diabetes requires insulin replacement
d.Type 1 diabetes occurs more frequently in children and adolescents, and type 2 diabetes occurs more often in adults
Question 8During the development of hyperthermia, the state of heat exhaustion is indicated when
a.body core temperature is very high
b.skeletal muscle spasms occur
c.hypovolemia and fainting occur
d.the cool-down process is too rapid
Question 9Early signs of hyperglycemia include polyphagia, which means
b.increased urine output
d.glucose in the urine
Question 10Gastroesophageal reflux disease involves
a.periodic flow of gastric contents into the esophagus
b.constant flow of intestinal and gastric contents into the esophagus
c.spasmodic and violent vomiting of gastric contents
d.violent spasming of the esophagus, causing choking
Question 11How does chemical peritonitis and shock frequently result from acute pancreatitis?
a.Inflammation and increased vascular permeability of the peritoneum affect fluid balance
b.Erosion in the intestinal wall causes release of bacteria
c.Fat necrosis and hypocalcemia develop
d.Secretions from the pancreas and intestine become more acidic
Question 12How does localized peritonitis develop from acute appendicitis before rupture?
a.The momentum walls off the inflamed area
b.Intestinal bacteria escape through the necrotic appendiceal wall
c.The obstructing object inside the appendix causes edema
d.Bacteria escape into the circulating blood
Question 13Identify a major reason making it difficult to prevent the spread of hepatitis B.
a.A vaccine is not available
b.The incubation period is too short to track contacts
c.Infection is often asymptomatic
d.Antibodies are not produced
Question 14Malnutrition may develop in children with celiac disease because of
a.damage to the intestinal villi
b.obstruction in the pancreatic ducts
c.acidosis, preventing activation of digestive enzymes
d.insufficient bile for absorption
Question 15Oral candidiasis is considered to
a.be a common bacterial infection in infants and young children
b.cause painful ulcerations in the mucosa and tongue
c.cause white patches in the mucosa that cannot be scraped off
d.be an opportunistic fungal infection of the mouth
Question 16Prolonged or severe stress predisposes to peptic ulcer disease because
a.of reduced blood flow to the gastric wall and mucous glands
b.of reduced bicarbonate content in bile and pancreatic secretions
c.stress increases the number of acid- and pepsinogen-secreting cells
d.increased epinephrine increases motility
Question 17Stools that are more liquid and contain mucus and frank blood are typical of
Question 18What are the typical changes occurring with Crohn disease?
a.Degeneration and flattening of the villi in the small intestine
b.Multiple herniations of the mucosa through weak areas of the muscularis
c.A continuous area of mucosal inflammation and ulceration in the rectum and colon
d.Inflamed areas of the wall of the ileum alternating with thick fibrotic or normal areas
Question 19What does the term melena mean?
a.Blood in a dark-colored stool
b.Occult blood in the stool
c.Blood in the sputum
d.Blood in vomitus
Question 20What is a common sign of acute gastritis?
a.Colicky right upper quadrant pain
b.Vomiting and anorexia
c.Projectile vomiting after eating
d.Diarrhea with abdominal distention
Question 21What is the major effect when a gallstone obstructs the cystic duct?
c.Severe colicky pain in upper right quadrant
d.Inflammation and infection in the gallbladder
Question 22What is the primary cause of esophageal varices?
a.Increased hydrostatic pressure in the veins
b.Alcohol irritating the mucosa
c.Failure to inactivate estrogen
d.Poor nutritional status
Question 23What is/are common location(s) for oral cancer?
a.Floor of the mouth or tongue borders
b.Mucosa lining the cheeks
c.Hard and soft palate
d.Gingivae near the teeth
Question 24What would be the likely outcome from chemical peritonitis related to a perforated gallbladder?
a.Leakage of intestinal bacteria into blood and the peritoneal cavity
b.Massive hemorrhage and shock
c.Breakdown of the gallstones
d.Increasing peristalsis with intermittent painful spasms
Question 25Which of the following applies to acromegaly?
a.It occurs in infants and children
b.It causes excessive longitudinal bone growth
c.It results from excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH)
d.It does not change soft tissue growth
Question 26Which of the following applies to oxytocin?
1. It stimulates contraction of the uterus after delivery.
2. It stimulates ejection of breast milk during lactation.
3. It stimulates mammary gland production of milk.
4. It is released from the adenohypophysis.
c.1, 3, 4
d.1, 2, 3, 4
Question 27Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
Question 28Which of the following frequently occurs 2 to 3 hours after meals in post-gastrectomy patients?
c.Abdominal cramps and distention
d.Increased peristalsis and diarrhea
Question 29Which of the following indicates hypoglycemia in a diabetic?
a.Deep, rapid respirations
b.Flushed dry skin and mucosa
c.Thirst and oliguria
d.Staggering gait, disorientation, and confusion
Question 30Which of the following is a potential effect of a bite or sting?
a.Immediate heart failure
c.Severe nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
d.Bone marrow damage
Question 31Which of the following is an effect of long-term glucocorticoid therapy?
a.Decreased secretion from the adrenal cortex gland
b.An increased inflammatory response to irritants
c.Hypotension and poor circulation
d.Increased number of hypersensitivity reactions
Question 32Which of the following is the most frequent location of peptic ulcers?
b.Antrum of the stomach
Question 33Which of the following may cause goiter?
3. Lack of iodine in the diet
c.1, 2, 3
d.1, 2, 3, 4
Question 34Which of the following may occur with a pituitary adenoma?
a.Low blood pressure and bradycardia
b.Headache and seizures
c.Vomiting and diarrhea
d.Loss of vision in one eye
Question 35Which of the following results from a deficit of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)?
a.Inappropriate ADH syndrome
Question 36Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
a.Sympathetic nervous system
Your answer is incorrect.
d.Absence of food in the system
Question 37Why does herpes simplex infection tend to recur?
a.Active infection is usually asymptomatic
b.The virus builds up a resistance
c.The virus persists in latent form in sensory nerve ganglia
d.The virus mutates; therefore, no effective immunity develops