Geography Worksheet 2 - Greenhouse Law formula is expressed
Geography Worksheet 2
Greenhouse Law formula is expressed below, where C is ______ and F is ______:
ΔF = α Ln(C/C0) a.
a.carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, the radiative forcing
b. carbon monoxide (CO) concentration, the frictional forcing
c. the centrifugal forcing, the solar forcing
d. carbon dioxide (CO2), the magnetic forcing
e. both b and c
· Question 2
· At the beginning of the industrial revolution in 1850, the CO2 concentration was 280 ppm. Today, it is 416 ppm. 1) If CO2 concentration reaches 500 ppm, how much extra radiative forcing is the Earth’s surface receiving, relative to 1850? 2) What is the equivalent temperature change?
· ΔF (Wm-2) = α ln(C/C0), ΔT(K) = λ*ΔF
· α = 5.35, λ = 0.8 per (Wm-2)
Typically, the time of day when relative humidity is highest is ________.
a. at dawn
b. in the evening
c. in the late afternoon
d. at midnight
e. at sunset
Question 4 (short-answer questions)
Examine the following figure and list where these atmospheric systems are situated: A) which hemisphere, and B) the surface or upper atmosphere.
Western boundary currents are known to be the ________ currents in the ocean. It is typically ________ compared to eastern boundary currents.
a.strongest; wide and shallow
b.slowest; narrow and deep
c.fastest; narrow and deep
d. fastest; wide and shallow
What factors into estimates of the future increase in carbon emissions?
c. energy efficiency
d. All of the above are factors.
e. Both A and C are correct.
What is the definition of a GHG (use your knowledge of quantum mechanics)?
What is polar amplification and describe the process by which the Arctic sea ice feedback contributes to it?
A warmer atmosphere will melt ice and this changes the albedo. This process is called ______ feedback process.
d. none of the above
In relation to the observed rise in global surface temperatures over the last century; atmospheric water vapor acted as _________ affecting observed temperature rise.
a. no role
b. a positive feedback
c. a negative feedback
d. a neutral feedback
Positive internal Earth system feedbacks:
a. always amplify climate changes initially caused by external forcing
b. always cause climate warming
c. help maintain a constant temperature on Earth
d. both A and C
When a balance between the pressure gradient force and Coriolis force (effect) is reached, the flow is “_______”.
c. Kinetic geo-rotation
d. Western Boundary
Climate models suggest that as global temperatures rose over the last century, global average relative humidity has remained constant. What happened to the total amount of water vapor in the atmosphere over the last century?
a. It remained constant.
b. It increased.
c. It decreased.
d. No change.
Though Nitrogen (N2) is a major gas in our atmosphere, why is it not a greenhouse gas?
a. Molecular structure is symmetrical, and does not have a charge imbalance.
b. Molecule structure is naturally very electrically lopsided.
c. Molecule vibrates in response to infrared light frequency.
d. None of the above.
In the following figure, what is the red allow pointing at?
a. Lifting Condensation Level
b. Less Container Load
c. Lateral Collateral Ligament
d. Relative humidity
Relative humidity is ________ related to air temperature.
Atmospheric water vapor:
a. is part of a negative feedback, in which more water vapor leads to cooler temperatures
b. is one of the most important greenhouse gas in the atmosphere today
c. is controlled by chemical weathering
d. concentrations are fairly uniform globally
e. None of the above