general business data bank
1. What method is known as the science of finding out?
2. If you have concluded that a particular pattern exists and have developed a general understanding of why you may be tempted to ignore facts in the future that don’t fit
3. Which of the following would be best ex. Of the potential for inaccurate observations in the criminal justice system
4. Traditional beliefs about patrol effectiveness, response time, and detective work are examples of
5. What is the science of knowing?
6. The major distinction between quantitative and qualitative data is the distinction between?
7. What are the 4 purposes of research?
8. The independent variable is assumed to depend on or be caused by the dependent variable
9. If the independent variable in the cause then the dependent variable is the
10. In social science, rather than focusing upon an individual, we look at a whole group known as:
11. If gender is the variable, male is the
12. Your college has implemented a new policy on campus regarding underage drinking. You want to evaluate the effects. The purpose of this research is?
13. When you seek to explain a phenomenon by looking at a variety of reasons for it rather than a single one, your using
14. Values of the dependent variable depend on the
15. At the outset, most observations are
16. When we do a study to determine why people have different opinions on the same topic, what is the purpose for the study?
17. A vast number of norms and rules in society create
18. Inductive reasoning moves you from
19. We can understand something by knowing the why before the what
20. Social science cannot settle debates on
21. When you repeat a study to see if you achieve similar results, you are doing?
22. Social regularities represent
23. 2 pillars of science are
24. Deductive reasoning moves you from
25. When taking conscious and deliberate steps to insure what you are looking for is what you intend to look at, you avoid
26. When we attempt to gather base line data, usually because of new law, the purpose of our research is
27. Selective observation is a danger of overgeneralization
28. Characteristics or qualities that describe an object known as
29. When we generate a theory from a large amount of data, we are using what type of reasoning?
30. Casual human inquiry is a more rigorous way of investigation than probability and causality
31. What are 3 major aspects of the overall scientific enterprise
zTheory, data collection, data analysis
32. Research into crime is related to ideology and politics in the following manner
33. During observation, if you choose to follow” the exception that proves the rule” you have made what error
34. Value is a relative concept and cannot be settled by science
35. The keystone of inquiry is observation
36. Greater detail and meaning is found in what type of data
37. Of hair color and blonde, which is the attribute
38. Which of the following is not a subject that can be studied effectively?
39. One way social science differs from our casual day-to-day inquiry is
40. Prediction can be made better by observation and remembering regular
1. Which of the following is not an example of a hypothesis?
2. Which of the following is an example of subjectivity?
3. Research on a criminal justice related policy is an example of
4. A paradigm and a theory refer to two different things. The paradigm is a fundamental model or scheme that organizes our view of something.
5. Operationalization involves which of the following?
6. Which of the following is accurate with respect to induction?
7. Which of the following is another word for objectivity?
8. Which of the following is not an example of a hypothesis?
9. Criminal Justice and human behavior can be studied scientifically.
10. Which of the following best applies to the statement that science is always objective?
11. A hypothesis is a specified expectation about an empirical reality derived from axioms.
12. A conclusion drawn about the relationships among concepts, based on the logical interrelationship among the axioms is:
13. In an inductive approach to policy development, the final step is
14. You count the number of students registered for your research methods class. This is an example of:
15. In the concentric zone theory of the “Chicago School” the zone of transition is characterized by:
16. This term represents a set of concepts and the proposed relationships among these; a structure that is intended to represent or model something about the world.
17. Grounded theories refer to which of the following?
18. Which of the following cannot be studied scientifically in the field of criminal justice?
19. Observation involves all of the following except:
20. Which of the following is an axiom?
21. In deduction we reason toward observations; in induction we reason from observations.