# Question_Doc10_15Dec

Question # 00005698 Posted By: smartwriter Updated on: 12/22/2013 03:57 PM Due on: 12/31/2013
Question

8-1. A 30-year bond with a face value of \$1000 has a coupon rate of 5.5%, with semiannual payments.

a. What is the coupon payment for this bond?

b. Draw the cash flows for the bond on a timeline.

8-2. Assume that a bond will make payments every six months as shown on the following timeline (using six-month periods):

a. What is the maturity of the bond (in years)?

b. What is the coupon rate (in percent)?

c. What is the face value?

8-3. The following table summarizes prices of various default-free, zero-coupon bonds (expressed as a percentage of face value):

a. Compute the yield to maturity for each bond.

b. Plot the zero-coupon yield curve (for the first five years).

c. Is the yield curve upward sloping, downward sloping, or flat?

8-4. Suppose the current zero-coupon yield curve for risk-free bonds is as follows:

a. What is the price per \$100 face value of a two-year, zero-coupon, risk-free bond?

b. What is the price per \$100 face value of a four-year, zero-coupon, risk-free bond?

c. What is the risk-free interest rate for a five-year maturity?

8-5. In the box in Section 8.1, Bloomberg.com reported that the three-month Treasury bill sold for a price of \$100.002556 per \$100 face value. What is the yield to maturity of this bond, expressed as an EAR?

8-6. Suppose a 10-year, \$1000 bond with an 8% coupon rate and semiannual coupons is trading for a price of \$1034.74.

a. What is the bond’s yield to maturity (expressed as an APR with semiannual compounding)?

b. If the bond’s yield to maturity changes to 9% APR, what will the bond’s price be?

8-7. Suppose a five-year, \$1000 bond with annual coupons has a price of \$900 and a yield to maturity of 6%. What is the bond’s coupon rate?

8-8. The prices of several bonds with face values of \$1000 are summarized in the following table:

For each bond, state whether it trades at a discount, at par, or at a premium.

8-9. Explain why the yield of a bond that trades at a discount exceeds the bond’s coupon rate.

8-10. Suppose a seven-year, \$1000 bond with an 8% coupon rate and semiannual coupons is trading with a yield to maturity of 6.75%.

a. Is this bond currently trading at a discount, at par, or at a premium? Explain.

b. If the yield to maturity of the bond rises to 7% (APR with semiannual compounding), what price will the bond trade for?

8-11. Suppose that General Motors Acceptance Corporation issued a bond with 10 years until maturity, a face value of \$1000, and a coupon rate of 7% (annual payments). The yield to maturity on this bond when it was issued was 6%.

a. What was the price of this bond when it was issued?

b. Assuming the yield to maturity remains constant, what is the price of the bond immediately before it makes its first coupon payment?

c. Assuming the yield to maturity remains constant, what is the price of the bond immediately after it makes its first coupon payment?

8-12. Suppose you purchase a 10-year bond with 6% annual coupons. You hold the bond for four years, and sell it immediately after receiving the fourth coupon. If the bond’s yield to maturity was 5% when you purchased and sold the bond,

a. What cash flows will you pay and receive from your investment in the bond per \$100 face value?

b. What is the internal rate of return of your investment?

8-13. Consider the following bonds:

a. What is the percentage change in the price of each bond if its yield to maturity falls from 6% to 5%?

b. Which of the bonds A–D is most sensitive to a 1% drop in interest rates from 6% to 5% and why? Which bond is least sensitive? Provide an intuitive explanation for your answer.

8-14. Suppose you purchase a 30-year, zero-coupon bond with a yield to maturity of 6%. You hold the bond for five years before selling it.

a. If the bond’s yield to maturity is 6% when you sell it, what is the internal rate of return of your investment?

b. If the bond’s yield to maturity is 7% when you sell it, what is the internal rate of return of your investment?

c. If the bond’s yield to maturity is 5% when you sell it, what is the internal rate of return of your investment?

d. Even if a bond has no chance of default, is your investment risk free if you plan to sell it before it matures? Explain.

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8-15. Suppose you purchase a 30-year Treasury bond with a 5% annual coupon, initially trading at par. In 10 years’ time, the bond’s yield to maturity has risen to 7% (EAR).

a. If you sell the bond now, what internal rate of return will you have earned on your investment in the bond?

b. If instead you hold the bond to maturity, what internal rate of return will you earn on your investment in the bond?

c. Is comparing the IRRs in (a) versus (b) a useful way to evaluate the decision to sell the bond? Explain.

8-16. Suppose the current yield on a one-year, zero coupon bond is 3%, while the yield on a five-year, zero coupon bond is 5%. Neither bond has any risk of default. Suppose you plan to invest for one year. You will earn more over the year by investing in the five-year bond as long as its yield does not rise above what level?

8-17. What is the price today of a two-year, default-free security with a face value of \$1000 and an annual coupon rate of 6%? Does this bond trade at a discount, at par, or at a premium?

8-18. What is the price of a five-year, zero-coupon, default-free security with a face value of \$1000?

8-19. What is the price of a three-year, default-free security with a face value of \$1000 and an annual coupon rate of 4%? What is the yield to maturity for this bond?

8-20. What is the maturity of a default-free security with annual coupon payments and a yield to maturity of 4%? Why?

8-21. Consider a four-year, default-free security with annual coupon payments and a face value of \$1000 that is issued at par. What is the coupon rate of this bond?

8-22. Consider a five-year, default-free bond with annual coupons of 5% and a face value of \$1000.

a. Without doing any calculations, determine whether this bond is trading at a premium or at a discount. Explain.

b. What is the yield to maturity on this bond?

c. If the yield to maturity on this bond increased to 5.2%, what would the new price be?

8-23. Prices of zero-coupon, default-free securities with face values of \$1000 are summarized in the following table:

Suppose you observe that a three-year, default-free security with an annual coupon rate of 10% and a face value of \$1000 has a price today of \$1183.50. Is there an arbitrage opportunity? If so, show specifically how you would take advantage of this opportunity. If not, why not?

8-24. Assume there are four default-free bonds with the following prices and future cash flows:

Do these bonds present an arbitrage opportunity? If so, how would you take advantage of this opportunity? If not, why not?

8-25. Suppose you are given the following information about the default-free, coupon-paying yield curve:

a. Use arbitrage to determine the yield to maturity of a two-year, zero-coupon bond.

b. What is the zero-coupon yield curve for years 1 through 4?

8-26. Explain why the expected return of a corporate bond does not equal its yield to maturity.

8-27. Grummon Corporation has issued zero-coupon corporate bonds with a five-year maturity. Investors believe there is a 20% chance that Grummon will default on these bonds. If Grummon does default, investors expect to receive only 50 cents per dollar they are owed. If investors require a 6% expected return on their investment in these bonds, what will be the price and yield to maturity on these bonds?

8-28. The following table summarizes the yields to maturity on several one-year, zero-coupon securities:

a. What is the price (expressed as a percentage of the face value) of a one-year, zero-coupon corporate bond with a AAA rating?

b. What is the credit spread on AAA-rated corporate bonds?

c. What is the credit spread on B-rated corporate bonds?

d. How does the credit spread change with the bond rating? Why?

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8-29. Andrew Industries is contemplating issuing a 30-year bond with a coupon rate of 7% (annual coupon payments) and a face value of \$1000. Andrew believes it can get a rating of A from Standard and Poor’s. However, due to recent financial difficulties at the company, Standard and Poor’s is warning that it may downgrade Andrew Industries bonds to BBB. Yields on A-rated, long-term bonds are currently 6.5%, and yields on BBB-rated bonds are 6.9%.

a. What is the price of the bond if Andrew maintains the A rating for the bond issue?

b. What will the price of the bond be if it is downgraded?

8-30. HMK Enterprises would like to raise \$10 million to invest in capital expenditures. The company plans to issue five-year bonds with a face value of \$1000 and a coupon rate of 6.5% (annual payments). The following table summarizes the yield to maturity for five-year (annualpay) coupon corporate bonds of various ratings:

a. Assuming the bonds will be rated AA, what will the price of the bonds be?

b. How much total principal amount of these bonds must HMK issue to raise \$10 million today, assuming the bonds are AA rated? (Because HMK cannot issue a fraction of a bond, assume that all fractions are rounded to the nearest whole number.)

c. What must the rating of the bonds be for them to sell at par?

d. Suppose that when the bonds are issued, the price of each bond is \$959.54. What is the likely rating of the bonds? Are they junk bonds?

8-31. A BBB-rated corporate bond has a yield to maturity of 8.2%. A U.S. Treasury security has a yield to maturity of 6.5%. These yields are quoted as APRs with semiannual compounding. Both bonds pay semiannual coupons at a rate of 7% and have five years to maturity.

a. What is the price (expressed as a percentage of the face value) of the Treasury bond?

b. What is the price (expressed as a percentage of the face value) of the BBB-rated corporate bond?

c. What is the credit spread on the BBB bonds?

8-32. The Isabelle Corporation rents prom dresses in its stores across the southern United States. It has just issued a five-year, zero-coupon corporate bond at a price of \$74. You have purchased this bond and intend to hold it until maturity.

a. What is the yield to maturity of the bond?

b. What is the expected return on your investment (expressed as an EAR) if there is no chance of default?

c. What is the expected return (expressed as an EAR) if there is a 100% probability of default and you will recover 90% of the face value?

d. What is the expected return (expressed as an EAR) if the probability of default is 50%, the likelihood of default is higher in bad times than good times, and, in the case of default, you will recover 90% of the face value?

e. For parts (b–d), what can you say about the five-year, risk-free interest rate in each case?

Appendix

Problems A.1–A.4 refer to the following table:

A.1.What is the forward rate for year 2 (the forward rate quoted today for an investment that begins in one year and matures in two years)?

A.2.What is the forward rate for year 3 (the forward rate quoted today for an investment that begins in two years and matures in three years)? What can you conclude about forward rates when the yield curve is flat?

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A.3.What is the forward rate for year 5 (the forward rate quoted today for an investment that begins in four years and matures in five years)?

A.4.Suppose you wanted to lock in an interest rate for an investment that begins in one year and matures in five years. What rate would you obtain if there are no arbitrage opportunities?

A.5.Suppose the yield on a one-year, zero-coupon bond is 5%. The forward rate for year 2 is 4%, and the forward rate for year 3 is 3%. What is the yield to maturity of a zero-coupon bond that matures in three years?
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