George FINA6223 Financial Management
George FINA6223 Financial Management
FINA 6223 George Washington University Financial Management Questions
hapters 1, 2, & 3 problem set.
Deadline to submit through Blackboard:
Instructions: Answer completely each of the assigned questions and include all necessary supporting work. Students may work in groups of up to three total students. All group members’ names should be clearly identified at the top of the submitted assignment. Each group must work independently of other groups. Assignments shall be submitted through Blackboard. Please designate only one student to submit the group’s assignment. Late assignments will not be accepted. Failure to follow instructions will result in a reduced grade.
Problem 1: Index Construction [35 points]
Stock 1 2 3 4 5 6 Price 5 150 200 75 60 99 Day 0 Shares Outstanding 80,000,000 1,500,000 500,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 2,500,000 Price 5.25 145 190 76 61 100 Day 1 Shares Outstanding 80,000,000 1,500,000 500,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 2,500,000 Price 5.5 144 185 77 63 105 Day 2 Shares Outstanding 80,000,000 1,500,000 500,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 2,500,000
a. [3 points] ** initially only stocks 1 through 5 are in the index ** Day 0 is the first day of the index (referred to as index inception date). Assume the index is marketcapitalization weighted and compute the index divisor such that the index level is 100 on Day 0.
b. [3 points] Use the above information to compute the return to the index on Day 1 assuming it is marketcapitalization weighted. Report the new index level and the index return.
c. [3 points] At the end of Day 1, the index committee removes stock #3 and replaces it with stock #6. Using the above information, compute the new index divisor after the replacement.
d. [3 points] Compute the Day 2 return to the index. Report the new index level and the index return.
e. [3 points] Now assume Stock 1 splits 2for1 at the end of Day 2 and at the new price is 2.75 and shares outstanding are 160 million. What is the new index divisor at the end of Day 2?
f. [15 points] Repeat a. to e. for a priceweighted version of the index.
g. [5 points] Compute the Day 1 return to a version of this index that is equally weighted. At the end of Day 1, assuming no rebalancing since Day 0, what will be the new weights? If the index were to be rebalanced to restore equal weights at the end of Day 1, indicate the necessary adjustments in terms of the percentage of the portfolio that must be traded to restore equal weights.
Problem 2: Buying on Margin [20 points]
An investor recently opened a brokerage account with $400,000 of cash. They decide to purchase shares of NewCorp (NEWC). Prescribing to the philosophy of “go big or go home,” the investor decides to utilize the full margin borrowing capacity available through their broker. The investor may borrow from their broker at 8% per year and must have an initial margin of at least 50%. The maintenance margin is 25%. The current market price of NEWC is $160.00.
a. [4] Assume the investor utilizes their maximum margin potential. How many shares of NEWC can the investor purchase?
b. [4] Below what stock price will the investor receive a margin call?
c. [4] If the investor holds this position for 3 months and then sells the shares and repays the loan, what is the percentage profit (loss) if the market price of NEWC is $210.00 after 3 months?
d. [4] If the investor holds this position for 3 months and then sells the shares and repays the loan, what is the percentage profit (loss) if the market price of NEWC is $110 after 3 months?
e. [4] Compare your answers in C. and D. to the profit (loss) if the investor did not use the margin account and instead only purchased $400,000 worth of NEWC shares. Discuss the effect of leverage on returns.
Problem 3: Equivalent Taxable Yields [8 points]
a. [4 points] Consider a tax exempt municipal bond with an annual yield of 2%. Find the equivalent taxable yield for investors with each of the following tax brackets: 0%; 15%; 25%, 35%.
b. [4 points] Fairfax County, a AAArated municipality, issued tax exempt municipal bonds that yield 1% and mature in 5 years. Otherwise identical corporate bonds that are AAArated and mature in 5 years but are taxable yield 1.4%. What is the implied tax rate?
Problem 4: Asset Allocation [12 points]
Assume you have a consulting client that is a nonprofit organization with a $100 million reserve account invested in U.S. stocks. The client has hired you to help them implement their strategic asset allocation (SAA) using passive index funds. You can select among mutual funds that track major US stock market indexes. For example, if you select the CRSP Mega Cap US stock index, there is a Vanguard mutual fund available to track that index. For this question, you don’t have to worry about finding specific mutual funds, just in selecting which indexes you want the mutual funds to track. The client’s SAA is: 60% Large Cap US Stocks, 20% Mid Cap US Stocks, and 20% Small Cap US Stocks. Use the following snapshot to help answer the following questions. Consider only the families of indexes highlighted in the picture (Russell, MSCI, S&P, and CRSP). The snapshot came from: http://www.crsp.com/indexespages/keyconcept4crspapproachcombiningsizebenchmarks
a. [4] Given your client’s SAA, which family of indexes’ design do you think best suits your client’s investment policy? State very concisely the reason for your choice. There is not necessarily a correct answer – I want you to think about the question and justify your choice as opposed to picking the correct index family.
b. [4] How does the definition of “Midcap” vary across the 4 index providers summarized in the figure?
c. [4] How does the definition of “Smallcap” vary across the 4 index providers summarized in the figure?

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Solution: George FINA6223 Financial Management