PSY380 2020 JULY All Modules Discussions Latest

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Question # 00768563 Subject Education Topic General Education Tutorials: 0
Question

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 1 Discussion

Are we ready for neo-evolution?

Discussions are an opportunity for you to practice clearly and effectively communicating your ideas, interact with and respectfully challenge your peers, and support your writing with examples and scholarly resources as appropriate.

It's time to get introduced to the concepts of genetics, evolution, and the relationship to biopsychology.  Watch the TEDTalk to introduce yourself to important concepts within this module, and then answer the questions.  Remember this is due before your discussions, on Wednesday of each week.  The purpose of this is to help scaffold your learning so that you are introduced to module topics in the first assignment and then complete the learning quiz to help you become more familiar with the language and concepts.  You'll then be fully prepared to participate in a meaningful way within the discussion for the week, and be able to show off the things you've learned in your assignment due every Sunday.

Successfully completing this activity demonstrates achievement of Module Outcomes 4 and 5.

Watch the TEDTalk by Harvey Fineberg titled, "Are we ready for neo evolution?" [video file, 17:14 minutes], found at https://www.ted.com/talks/harvey_fineberg_are_we_ready_for_neo_evolution (Links to an external site.)

Now answer the following questions and respond in your reaction assignment (be sure to look at the grading rubric in order to earn as many points as you can):

- What did you think of the video and the things Harvey Fineburg talked about?  Explain your thoughts on how this video relates to the field of biopsychology, and include a description of evolution.

- Think of an example of a behavior or structure that is currently adaptive but that might become nonadaptive, or even maladaptive, if the environment were to change.  Describe your example and your reasoning.

- In your writing, be sure to identify ways in which modern advances have changed our understanding of genetic processes and identify the the ethical challenges and solutions associated with these advances.

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. It is recommended that you write your post in a document first. Check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors. When you are ready to make your initial post, click on "Reply." Then copy/paste the text into the message field, and click “Post Reply.” This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

To respond to a peer, click “Reply” beneath her or his post and continue as with an initial post.

Remember to properly cite and reference your sources in APA format!

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

 

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 2 Discussion

Your brain is more than a bag of chemicals

Discussions are an opportunity for you to practice clearly and effectively communicating your ideas, interact with and respectfully challenge your peers, and support your writing with examples and scholarly resources as appropriate. 

It's time to delve a little deeper into how drugs are used to influence neurotransmission.  Watch the TEDTalk to get your brain kickstarted on thinking about important concepts within this module, and then answer the questions. Remember this is due before your discussions, on Wednesday of each week.  The purpose of this is to help scaffold your learning so that you are introduced to module topics in the first assignment and then complete the learning quiz to help you become more familiar with the language and concepts.  Successfully completing this activity demonstrates achievement of Module Outcome 4. Watch the TED Talk by David Anderson titled, "Your brain is more than a bag of chemicals" [Video file: 15:25 mins].

Now answer the following questions and respond in your reaction assignment (be sure to look at the grading rubric in order to earn as many points as you can):

- What did you learn that surprised you or was new?  What kinds of questions did this video trigger for you?

- Describe your understanding of how are drugs used to influence neurotransmission.  In your explanation, give at least one specific example.

- Why is it important for biopsychologists to understand neural conduction and synaptic transmission?  Is it important for all psychologists to have such knowledge?

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

To respond to a peer, click “Reply” beneath her or his post and continue as with an initial post.

Remember to properly cite and reference your sources in APA format!

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

 

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 3 Discussion

A monkey that controls a robot with its thoughts. No, really.

Discussions are an opportunity for you to practice clearly and effectively communicating your ideas, interact with and respectfully challenge your peers, and support your writing with examples and scholarly resources as appropriate.

As described in your text, there has recently been a flurry of technological advances involving brain-computer interfaces (i.e., direct communication between a computer and the brain - usually via an array of electrodes placed in the brain), such as those discussed in the Chapter 8 case study of "Belle: The Monkey That Controlled a Robot With Her Mind".

For this assignment, you'll watch a TED Talk that explores the use of robots to gain motor function, and think about how this applies to our topics this week.

Successful completion of this activity meets Module Outcome 4.

Watch the TED Talk by Miguel Nicolelis - A monkey that controls a robot with its thoughts. No, really.  (Links to an external site.) [Video file: 14:55 mins].  Retrieved from: https://www.ted.com/talks/miguel_nicolelis_a_monkey_that_controls_a_robot_with_its_thoughts_no_really (Links to an external site.)

Now, thoughtfully answer the following questions, thinking about the current views regarding primary motor cortex function and the evidence upon which it's based.

What were your thoughts about the TED Talk?  What did you learn that surprised or interested you the most?

What sorts of brain-computer interfaces do you envision for the future?  What types of ethical problems might arise due to this and how can they be solved? As part of your answer, explain the role of different sensorimotor structures and functions.

 BCI.jpg

Testing a BCI (Brain-Computer Interface) developed by Health and Quality of life Unit researchers, FIK technology research program for aged and disabled people. Fatronik-Tecnalia, Research and Technology Center, Donostia, Basque Country, Spain. [Photo]. Retrieved from Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. http://quest.eb.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/search/164_3262431/

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

 

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 4 Discussion

You can grow new brain cells

Discussions are an opportunity for you to practice clearly and effectively communicating your ideas, interact with and respectfully challenge your peers, and support your writing with examples and scholarly resources.

It's time to get introduced to the concepts of the nervous system and neuroplasticity.  Neurogenesis occurs during development and can also occur in response to environmental stimuli. Unfortunately, neurogenesis in the central nervous system of humans is limited in its ability to recover after damage. Recent research indicates that more extensive neurogenesis may be possible in the central nervous system.

Watch the TEDTalk to introduce yourself to important concepts within this module, and then post your reaction.  Remember this is due before your discussions, on Wednesday of each week.  The purpose of this is to help scaffold your learning so that you are introduced to module topics in the first assignment and then complete the learning quiz to help you become more familiar with the language and concepts.  You'll then be fully prepared to participate in a meaningful way within the discussion for the week, and be able to show off the things you've learned in your assignment due every Sunday.

Successfully completing this activity demonstrates achievement of Module Outcomes 3 and 4.

Watch TEDTalk: Sandrine Thuret - You can grow new brain cells. (Links to an external site.) [Video file, 11:04 mins]  Retrieved from: https://www.ted.com/talks/sandrine_thuret_you_can_grow_new_brain_cells_here_s_how (Links to an external site.)

Now, answer the following:

Identify something you learned about the brain and neurons that you can use in your daily life to understand or work with others.

Given that brain damage seems to induce adult neurogenesis, what adaptive role, if any, might these new cells be playing?  In your answer, describe the concept of "cognitive reserve" and the potential role of adult neurogenesis in recovery following CNS damage.

Based on your writing above, what would you say to someone who tells you that physical activity protects one from the development of Alzheimer's Disease. What would be your response to that person?  Use examples from your life or current events and/or scholarly evidence to support your argument.

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

Remember to properly cite and reference your sources in APA format!

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

 

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 5 Discussion

Why school should start later for teens

Sleep... Who needs an introduction?  Watch the TEDTalk to get interested in these important concepts within this module, and then answer the questions.

Successfully completing this activity demonstrates achievement of Module Outcomes 2 and 3.

Watch TED Talk Wendy Troxel - Why school should start later for teens (Links to an external site.) [Video file, 10:33 mins]. Retrieved from:  https://www.ted.com/talks/wendy_troxel_why_school_should_start_later_for_teens/transcript (Links to an external site.)

For your assignment, share your thoughts about what Wendy claims in the TED Talk. Do you agree? Disagree?  Tell us why.

Describe the major effects of sleep deprivation in humans.  Share an example of a time when this has happened to you.  In your writing, describe why deficits in vigilance and motivation lead to cognitive deficits?  Give an example as part of your discussion answer.

If you were a sleep researcher studying sleep in various organisms, how would you define sleep?  As part of your definition, identify the four conclusions that have resulted from the comparative analysis of sleep.

sleep deprivation eeg.jpg

EEG Readings from a Sleep Deprivation Study. [Photograph]. Retrieved from Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. http://quest.eb.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/search/139_1902361/

sleep study.jpg

Sleep study. This study aims to determine the cause of temporary pauses in breathing (or sleep apnea) during sleep. Electrical activity in the heart, brain, facial muscles and neck is measured.. [Photograph]. Retrieved from Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. http://quest.eb.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/search/181_763779/

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

Remember to properly cite and reference your sources in APA format!

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

 

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 6 Discussion

Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong

This TED Talk introduces the module by trying to reframe the conversation about addiction.  Addiction issues encompass many types of behaviors, not just the use of substances. 

Successfully completing this activity demonstrates achievement of Module Outcomes 3 and 4.

Watch TED Talk Johann Hari - Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong (Links to an external site.). [Video file, 14:42 mins]. https://www.ted.com/talks/johann_hari_everything_you_think_you_know_about_addiction_is_wrong (Links to an external site.)

In your reaction, answer the following:

What are your thoughts on what Johann said in this TED Talk?  Do you agree?  Disagree?  Explain your reasons.

While your textbook focuses on addictions to substances, consider all addictive behaviors.  What do you think the withdrawal reaction might be when one suddenly stops taking an antidepressant medication or engaging in an addictive behavior after many years. Explain your decision and include your explanation of what it means to be physically dependent on a drug (as part of this, you should describe the withdrawal process).  To illustrate your writing, provide an example from your experiences.

In his presentation, Johann mentions policies surrounding drugs.  If you could change those policies related to how we treat drug-addicted individuals, what would be the first thing you would change?  In your answer, be sure to describe methods for measuring the rewarding effects of drugs and why the information you're sharing is important for your policy recommendations.

 

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

Remember to properly cite and reference your sources in APA format!

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

 

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 7 Discussion

A powerful stroke of insight

Learning, memory, lateralization, amnesia, smart drugs... These are all terms used throughout this module.  This TED Talk focuses on cerebral lateralization and what it means for our every day life.  This TED Talk is from 2008, but just because it's not "new" doesn't mean it's not powerful and informative.

It wasn’t long ago that scientists believed that the brain functioned as a whole to complete every mental and psychical task. Now science understands brain lateralization in terms of the two halves of the human brain are not exactly alike. It is perplexing to realize that as one side of the brain may be working on understanding language the other side might be working on a math problem. This also means that each hemisphere has functional specializations and that some function with neural mechanisms that are localized primarily in one half of the brain. Let’s examine this further. By the end of this activity, you will be able to comment on an article on lateralization. In addition, you will address ways lateralization impact our language development.

Watch the TED Talk Jill Bolte Taylor - A powerful stroke of insight (Links to an external site.). [Vidoe file, 18:19 mins].  Retrieved from: https://www.ted.com/talks/jill_bolte_taylor_s_powerful_stroke_of_insight (Links to an external site.)

React to the video by commenting on the following:

What did this TED Talk make you think about?

Prior to watching this TED Talk, what were your preconceptions about cerebral lateralization of function? What did it mean for you?

In your writing, explain what does lateralized means, and what effect lateralization has on behavior.  Give some examples from daily life.

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

Remember to properly cite and reference your sources in APA format!

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

 

PSY380 BIOPSYCHOLOGY

Module 8 Discussion

What doctors don't know about the drugs they prescribe

This is our last module, and our final TED Talk. In this video, some fundamental issues are brought up about how we provide scientific evidence in the medical community.  Because we're discussing mental health and psychotropic medications, this includes us.

Successfully completing this activity demonstrates achievement of Module Outcomes 1 and 2.

Watch TED Talk Ben Goldacre - What doctors don't know about the drugs they prescribe. (Links to an external site.) [Video file, 13:29] Retrieved from: https://www.ted.com/talks/ben_goldacre_what_doctors_don_t_know_about_the_drugs_they_prescribe (Links to an external site.)

What's your reaction to this TED Talk?  Were you surprised by anything, or not?  Write about why you were or weren't surprised.

In your webtext, Zivin (discussed in Chapter 18) suggests that clinical trials can be trustworthy, fast, or cheap - but that in any one trial, only two of the three are possible?  After watching this TED Talk, what do you think he means?

Finally, describe the scientific reasoning that should be used when determining if drugs are effective in treating psychiatric disorders.

Consult Discussion Criteria and the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. This is a “post first” discussion forum. You must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.

Remember to properly cite and reference your sources in APA format!

Evaluation

This discussion will be graded using the discussion board rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 35% of your final course grade.

Keep the following points in mind when working in the discussion forums:

Postings should display originality in thought and insightful synthesis.

Postings should demonstrate understanding of key concepts.

Responses should be original and stimulate discussion.

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