essay is a review paper that synthesizes and interprets work on a particular
subject area. In writing your essay, interpret the primary journal article in a
series of paragraphs that build on your discussion, giving particular attention to the problem
or topic posed in your introduction. In
addition, relate your findings to previous observations or experiments from the
supplemental references that you have chosen. Discuss briefly any logical implications of the journal articles for
practical application or future studies. A good review paper not only
synthesizes information; it also provides a critical overview of an important
Select one of the following journal articles
as your primary reference for the first technical essay (5 pages in length, with at least 3 additional
references). You may use Internet sites to read and gain an
understanding of the subject area, but WWW references are not permitted for
this assignment. This restriction does not include electronically available
Aguzzi, A., B. A. Barres, and M. L. Bennett.2013. Microglia: Scapegoat,
Saboteur, or Something
Else? Science 339:156-161.
Barsh, G. S. 2003.What Controls Variation in Human
Skin Color? PLOS Biology 1(1): 119-122
Hochedlinger, K.2010. Your Inner Healers: A Look
into the Potential of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. Scientific American
Hall, S. S. 2011. Diseases in a Dish.
Scientific American 304(3):40-45 Jain, R. K.2008. Taming Vessels to
Treat Cancer. Scientific American
McGhee, J. R. and J. Fujihash. 2012. Inside the Mucosal Immune
System. PLOS Biology 10(9):1-5
Sharpe, P. T. and C. S.
Test-Tube Teeth. Scientific American 293(2):32-41
Write 5-page review paper
– Primary reference
– 3 supplementary references
with the literature
– Thorough search of
literature on topic
Followed by careful reading and selective note taking
Focused synthesis of primary literature • Research papers published in
• Government or technical reports
• Conference proceedings
Start with textbooks or general articles for lay readers
Harvard-style method in body of paper
• Last name of author(s) and year
• Huerta (1960) conducted the first
laboratory studies of this phenomenon....
– Journal article with one author
• Straus, D. C. 1982. Protease
production by Streptococcus sanguisassociated with subacute bacterial
endocarditis. Infect Immun. 38(3):1037- 1045
– Journal article with
more than one author
• Day, J. F. and L. M. Stark. 1999.
Avian Serology in a St. Louis Epicenter Before, During, and After a Widespread
Epidemic in South Florida, USA. Journal of Medical Entomology36(5):619-624
– Ross, M. H. and W. Pawlina. 2011.
Histology: A Text and Atlas with Correlated Cell and Molecular Biology (Sixth
Edition). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 974 pages.
Please look at the following attached handout for more instruction on how to do the literature citations for this.