How to Write a Hypothesis | Easy Steps to Follow

How to Write a Hypothesis Easy Steps to Follow

If you’re into scientific research, there is a hypothesis that you need to write for recording your inferences. This guide will help you to understand the basic structure of writing a hypothesis with some easy steps. Following this guide will give you a chance to be presentable while submitting a hypothesis and develop keen observation skills. You’d be enthralled to know that many academic fields ranging from physical sciences to social sciences. Research students use it to test ideas, learn about the world’s nature, and advance scientific knowledge. So, keeping in mind the importance of its nature, you must follow the process of knowing how to write a hypothesis. 


Post the hypothesis; you need to write a research paper, follow another guide to learn;

How to Write a Research Paper | 2020 Step-by-Step Guide


What is a Hypothesis?

Before moving on with the steps to follow, let’s first know what does hypothesis mean. A hypothesis is a description that ought to predict your research findings, providing tentative observations of yet to conduct experimentation. However, a hypothesis cannot be counted as a wild guess but documentation of prediction based on existing theories and knowledge. You must also know that a hypothesis is only a tentative, testable, and falsifiable statement that explains the observed phenomenon. That means you can either support your hypothesis or deny it through the scientific research method. 


Variables In the Hypothesis

The main purpose of writing a hypothesis arises while doing either experimental or correlational research. While experimental representation requires only your observational recordings, the other research has more to it. The correlational research method works at measuring a relationship between the two variables. While comparing, the main purpose of this type of research is to aim at finding out whether any of the hypotheses have positive, negative, or zero correlation. While writing a hypothesis, these variables include two parts: independent and dependent variables. While the former is what the researcher changes or controls, the latter depends on observations and measures. 


Steps to Write a Strong Hypothesis 

Now that you know what a hypothesis is and the variables included, here is a proper guide on how to write a strong hypothesis. Following these six steps, you can write a hypothesis that grabs you good grades and appraisals in your research work. 


Step1# Preparing to Write a Thesis

In this step, you need to set the right start, which involves sub-measures to follow. 


Select a topic for your hypothesis

To start with, find a topic that you can do further research on and will interest you throughout the researching process. 


Read an Existent Research Work

For writing a good hypothesis, deep research is an essential step to follow. Select your desired topic and then refer to different research work to collect valuable, unbiased, accurate, and comprehensive information. While selecting the writings, read through academic and scholarly writings. You can find this information either by referring to a relatable textbook or by surfing through portals like Google Scholar and Web of Science. 


Analyze the Research

Post the research work; if you analyze all the findings, you’ll find it better to examine the types of questions and fill in gaps in the field of study.


Generate Questions and Find a Clue

After analyzing the research work, the next task is to generate essential questions out of it. When you have a set of questions, you can then find their answers from your research work. Moreso, these clues can form the basis for your hypothesis. 


Step 2# Formulate your Hypothesis

Step 2 in writing your hypothesis requires you to follow another series of steps for formulating it. 

In this course, you have to:-


Determine your variables

Since you have two variables in hand that is an independent and a dependent variable, so you need to draw a link between the two for generalizing your hypothesis. In this process, you ought to suggest a reason or mechanism known as an explanatory hypothesis. Also, remember that independent variables are ones causing some kind of a difference while the other ones get affected. So, your hypothesis must only contain one independent variable instead of suggesting multiple relationships. 


Generate a Hypothesis: Keep it Simple

Create a simple declarative statement by writing down the initial idea of how the variables might be related. Make it as precise or as detailed, depending on your own choice. 


Set a direction for your hypothesis

Depending upon the direction theory, your hypothesis can be either directional or non-directional. To differentiate between the two directions:

A non-directional hypothesis says that one variable affects the other, without saying in what way. 


A directional hypothesis provides more information about the nature of direction by specifying how one variable affects the other. 


Get Specific While Formulating

Now that you’ve enough information to set the tone for writing your hypothesis, it’s time to Fineline your work on the paper. That is, lay down the ideas you’ll be testing, make specific and measurable predictions, and give a clear relationship between the variables.  


Ensure Its Testability 

Make your hypothesis establish a relationship between the two variables that show how they can be feasibly observed in the real world. 


For, e.g.:- By setting a question, Why is Black the Most Popular Color? You can propose an explanatory hypothesis. 


Attempt Writing a Research Hypothesis

While writing a hypothesis, another significant step to remember is to differentiate between writing an explanatory hypothesis or a research hypothesis. In the latter one, you need to find the hypothesis, the experiment, and prediction all in one statement. 

Contextualize your Hypothesis

Instead of finding whether a hypothesis is right or wrong, the researchers instead find evidence that the opposite is not true. So, by default, if the opposite is wrong, the present hypothesis is right in all ways. 


Write a Null Hypothesis

The option to write a null hypothesis arrives when your research involves statistical hypothesis testing. 


At last, make your observations and conduct your final experiment. During this course, you can either accept your null hypothesis or reject it, giving experimental hypothesis support. Moreso, you might have to get back to your hypothesis again and again and refine your resulting ideas. 


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