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M3D1: CULTURALCLASHES IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY

Tutorial # 00109604
Posted On: 10/09/2015 08:25 PM
Posted By: kimwood
Tutorial Preview …in xxx TextAberlardoAmbrosioArturoAurelioBasilioBrunoCarlosDavidEduardoFelipeGustavoHilarioIgnacioJaimeLorenzo39-year-old xxxx worker from xxxxxx Blanco (Tula, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx worked xx xxxxx Carolina xx 1992 and xxxx 34-year-old H-2A xxxxxx from xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx (Guémez,Tamaulipas), xxx worked in xxxx in 2006 xxx in xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx 2008 xxxxxxxxxxx H-2A worker xxxx Santa Engracia xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx who xxxxxx xx Virginia xx 2002 38-year-old xxxx worker from xxxxxxxxxx (Guémez, xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx in xxxxxxxx and Alabama xx 2007 and xxxx 38-year-old xxxx xxxxxx from xxxxxxxxx Zúñiga (Hidalgo, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx worked in xxxxx Carolina xxx xxxxxxxxx from xxxx to 2008 xxxxxxxxxxx H-2A worker xxxx Emiliano xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx who xxxxxx in North xxxxxxxx from 1991 xx 2006 xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx from xxxxxxx (Tamaulipas), who xxxxxx inIllinois in xxxx 38-year-old xxxx xxxxxx from xxxxx Engracia (Hidalgo,Tamaulipas), xxx worked in xxxxx Carolina xxxx xxxx to xxxx 35-year-old H-2A xxxxxx from Guillermo xxxxxxxx (Hidalgo,Tamaulipas), xxx xxxxxx in xxxxx Carolina from xxxx to 2008 xxxxxxxxxxx H-2A xxxxxx xxxx Santa xxxxxxxx (Hidalgo,Tamaulipas), who xxxxxx in Illinois xxxx 2005 xx xxxx 40-year-old xxxx worker from xxxxx Dolores (Abasolo,Tamaulipas), xxx worked xx xxxxx in xxxx 40-year-old H-2A xxxxxx from Guadalupe xxxxxxxx (Hidalgo,Tamaulipas), xxx xxxxxx in xxxxxxxx from 2000 xx 2008 28-year-old xxxx worker xxxx xx Soledad xxxxxxxxx Tamaulipas),who worked xx North Carolina xx 2007 xxxxxxxxxxx xxxx worker xxxx Tanque Blanco xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx who worked xx North xxxxxxxx xxxx 1995 xx 2005 39-year-old xxxx worker from xxxxxxx Terrones xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx who xxxxxx in North xxxxxxxx from 1998 xx 2007 xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx WORKING xxxxxxxxxx / 31Table x (Cont’d )LucioManuelMarianoNatalioNicanorOliverOrencioPascualPrudencioRafaelRicardoRobertoSantiago37-year-old xxxx worker xxxx xxxxx Ana xxxxxxxxxx Tamaulipas),who worked xx Florida from xxxx to xxxx xxxxxxxxxxx H-2A xxxxxx from Vicente xxxxxxxx (Victoria,Tamaulipas), who xxxxxx in xxxxxxxx xxxx 2000 xx 2008 39-year-old xxxx worker from xxxxxx Blanco xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx worked xx North Carolina xx 1998 48-year-old xxxx worker xxxx xxxxxxxx Canales xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx who worked xx Washington in xxxx 53-year-old xxxx xxxxxx from xxxxxxx Guerrero (Victoria,Tamaulipas), xxx worked in xxxxx Carolina xxxx xxxxxx 2006 xxxxxxxxxxx H-2A worker xxxx Union Morales xxxx Carlos,Tamaulipas), xxx xxxxxx in xxxxxxxx Texas, and xxxxxxxxxxxxx 2002 to xxxx 40-year-old xxxxxx xxxx Guadalupe xxxxxxxx (Hidalgo,Tamaulipas), who xxxxxx in Arkansas xxxx 2000 xx xxxx 34-year-old xxxx worker from xxxxxx Nuevo (Victoria,Tamaulipas), xxx worked xx xxxxxxxx in xxxx 45-year-old H-2A xxxxxx from La xxxxxxx (Hidalgo,Tamaulipas), xxx xxxxxx in xxxxx Carolina from xxxxxx 2008 38-year-old xxxx worker xxxx xxxxxxxx Zapata xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx who worked xx North Carolina xxxx 1998to xxxx xxxxxxxxxxx H-2A xxxxxx from El xxxxx (Victoria, Tamaulipas),who xxxxxx in xxxxxxxxxx xx 2007 xxxxxxxxxxx H-2A worker xxxx Caballeros (Victoria, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx worked xx xxxxxxx in xxxx 42-year-old H-2A xxxxxx from San xxxxxxxxx (Jaumave,Tamaulipas), xxx xxxxxx in xxxxx Carolina from xxxxxx 2007 aNames xxxx in xxxx xxxxxxx are xxxxxxxxxx The farm xxxxxxx interviewed were xxxxxxxx principally xx xxxxx Carolina,Texas, xxxxxxxxxx State, Florida, xxxxxxxxx and Georgia, xx activities xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx and xxxxx picking and xxxxxxxxx tree cultivation xx collected xxx xxxx in xxxxxx because in xxx United States, xxxxx workerscould xxx xxxxx freely xx 2006, we xxxxxxxxx participant observations xx Mexicanguest xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx in xxxxx Florida’s orange xxxxxxx however, during xxxxxxxx we xxxx xxx allowed xx record interviews, xxx the farm xxxxxxxx wholived xx xxxxxxxx labor xxxxxx were reluctant xx speak out xx realized xxxx xxxxxxxx workers xxx traveled to xxxxxxx to earn xxxxx for xxxxx xxxxxxxx andthey xxxx not about xx jeopardize their xxxx by xxxxxxxx xx By xxxxxxxxx in theirhome xxxxxx interviewees spoke xxxx openly, xxxx xxxx defensiveness xx fearof reprisals xxxx farm workers xxxx back xxxx xxxx talk xx friends and xxxxxxxxxxxxxx their experience, xxx they xxxx xx overlook xxxxxxxx memories Byemphasizing xxxxx success, they xxxxxx to xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx and xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx their acquaintances xx the United xxxxxx those xxx xxxxx out xxx be sentback xxxxx likewise, if xxxx speak xx xxxxx mistreatment xxx abuse to xxxxxxx andrelatives, they xxx lose xxx xxxxx of xxxxxxx that they xxx to preserve xxxxxxxxxxxx we xxxxxxxxxxx xxxx in xxxxx communities, interviewees xxxx willing totell xxxxx stories xx xxxxxxxxx In x place far xxxx the United xxxxxxx and xxxxxxxx xxx presence xx their friends xxx relatives, interviewees xxxx their xxxx xxxxxxxx their xxxxx come back xx haunt them xxxxxxxxxx after xxxxxxx xxxx ourcredentials xxx briefly explaining xxx purpose of xxx study, xx xxxx able xxxxxxxx an environment xx narrative-rich communication xx used xxxxxxxxxxxx xx amethod xx discovery, and xx time went xxx interviewees xxxxxx xxxx interestedin xxxxxxx to us xx many cases, xxxxx we xxx xxxxxxxx recording xxx interviews,the conversation xxxxxxxxx for a xxxx time xxx xxxxxxxxxx OF xxxxxxxxxxxxxx FARMWORKERS TO xxx UNITED STATESIn xxxxxxx the xxxxxxxx xxxxxx of xxxxxxxxxxxx liberalization on xxx prices ofbasic xxxxx has xxxxxxxx xxxxx outmigration xxxxxxxx et al x 2007; MendozaCota, xxxxx Accordingly, xxx xxxxxx on xxxxxxxxx in the xxxxxxxx Frontierof Mexico xxxxxx shows xx xxxxxxxx in xxxxx migration to xxx United Statesfrom xxxx onward xx x result xx the crisis xx the Mexican xxxxxxx sector xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx As x consequence, rural xxxxxxxxx in Mexico xxx becomingmore xxxxxxxxx xx remittances xxxx workers who xxx employed in xxx UnitedStates xxxxxxxx xxxxxx 2007) xx rural areas xx Tamaulipas, problems xx unemployment xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx increased xxxx the 1990s xxxxxx because job xxxxxxxxxxxxx in xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx have xxxxxxxxx (García Salazar xxxxx Omaña Silvestre, xxxxx Asa xxxxxxx xxxx landless xxxx workers (Izcara xxxxxxxx & Andrade xxxxxx 2007: xxxxxx xxxxxxxx (Camargo xxxxxx y Espericueta xxxxxx 2006) have xxxxxxxx in32 x xxxxxx PALACIOS xxx ANDRADE RUBIOsearch xx better economic xxxxxxxxxxxxx Landless xxxx xxxxxxx are xxx poorestresidents of xxx rural areas xx Tamaulipas xxxxxxx xx problems xx unemployment They xx not have xxxxxxxx except xxxxx xxxxxx and xxxxxxx they do xxx own thehouse xxxx they xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx when xxxx are unemployed xxxx suffer frompoverty xxxxxxxxx orejidatarios, xxx xxxx poor xxxxxxx however, they xxx thehouse were xxxx live xxx xxxx a xxxxx parcel of xxxx Generally the xxxxxx fromtheir xxxxxx xx land xx not enough xxx them to xxxx a xxxxxxx xxx as x result manyof xxxx also have xx work xxx xxxxxx as xxxx workers; however, xxxx are neverunemployed xxxxxxx there xx xxxxxx work xx do on xxxxx own parcel xx land xx xxx pointed xxx by one xxxxxxxxxxxx Lorenzo, “Here xxx works xxxx xxxxxxxxxx do xxx have a xxxxxxxxx job; sometimes xxx work, xxx xxxxxxxxx you xxxxxxx ”Since 1990, xxxx rural municipalities xx Tamaulipas xxxx xxxx between xxxxx 5% of xxxxx population each xxxx as x xxxxxx of xxxxxxxxxxxx (Izcara Palacios,2009a) xxxxxxxxx to interviewees, xxxxx areas xx xxxxxxxxxx are xxxxx depopulatedas a xxxxxx of international xxxxxxxxx Rafael xxxxxxx xxx that xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx migrating; here, xxxxxx everybody goes xx work xxxxx xxx Manuelexpressed xxx same opinion: xxxxxxx almost every xxx goes xx xxxx there xxxxxxxxxx complained about xxxxxxxxxxxxx migration resulting xxxx the xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx agriculture xxx blamed this xx the scarce xxxxxxx farmersreceived xxxx xxx government xxxxxx described in xxxx way the xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx by xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx areas: xxxxxxxx are seasons xxxx there are xxxxx here xx xxx ejido xxxxxxxx a village xx which the xxxx is xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx this xxxxx Union Morales, xxx Carlos]; there xxx only xxxxxxxxx xxxxx whenthey xxxx up they xxx the way xx look xxx xxxxxxxxxx in xxxxx places, and xxxxxx them go xx the xxxxx xxxx [the xxxxxx States] to xxxx ” Likewise, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx “Only xxxxxxxx xxx women xxxx here ”Given xxx disparity in xxxx rates xxxxxxx xxx United xxxxxx and Mexico,Tamaulipas’s xxxxxxxx who are xxxxxxxxx for xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx complain xxxxxxxxxx Oliver remarked, xxxxxx me everything xx all xxxxxx x only xxxx a job xxxxxxxxxxxxx Lucio explained xxxx “for xx xxxxxx employment xx enough, becauseyou xx safely and xxx have x xxxx we xxxx have to xxxx hard ” xxx H-2A xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx U x employers a xxxxxxxxxxxx stream of xxxxxxxxx hardworking xxxxxxxxxx xxxx not xxxxxxxx about violations xx their rights xxxxxxxx guest xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx their xxxxx rights makes xxxx more vulnerable xx workplace xxxxx xx Natalio xxxxxxxxxxx “Although you xxxxxxx a contract, xxx can xxx xxxxxx because xxx do not xxxxxxxxxx it Only xxxx understand xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx farm xxxxxxx are eager xx participate in xxx H-2A xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx a xxxx worker who xxxxxx once in xxxxxxxxx commented, xxxxx xxx havethe xxxxx of returning xx work there xxx Becoming x xxxxx worker xx defined as“one xx the best xxxxxxxxx I xxxx xxxx taken xx my life” xxxxxxx However,working in xxx United xxxxxx xx not xxxxxxxxx guest workers xx dangerous andexhausting xxxxx are xxxxxxxx xx remote xxxxxx and work xxxx hours for xxxxxxxx According xx xxxx (2008), xxxxx workers’ working xxxxxxxxxx are close xxxxxxx WORKERS’ xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx / xxxxxxxxx However, they xxxx no choice; xx they xxxx xx buy x house or x car, orpay xxx the xxxxxxxxx xx their xxxxxxxxx they have xx work in xxx United xxxxxx xxxxxxx of xxx stresses they xxxxx a few xxxx before xxxxxxx xxx the xxxxxx Statessome workers xxxxxxxxxx anxiety and x strong xxxxxx xx stay xx Tamaulipas AsOrencio, x guest worker xxx had xxxxxxxx xx Arkansas xxxx times, commented,“When xxxxx is only x day xxxx x few xxxxx before leaving, x am trembling, xxxxxxx very xxxxxxx xxx me xxxx [Guadalupe Victoria, xxxxxxxxxxx is verybeautiful, x would xxxx xx stay xxxx ”WORKING CONDITIONS xx H-2A FARM xxxxxxxxx THE xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx H-2A xxxx program has xxxx criticized by xxxxxxx for xxxxx xxx slow,complicated, xxxxxxx and time-consuming xxx for not xxxxxxx their xxxxx xxxxxxxxx by xxxx worker advocates xxx permitting employers xx exploit xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx providing xxx protections for x S workers xxxxxxx 2008; xxxxxxx xxxxx Moreover, xxxxxxxxx of guest xxxxxx programs argue xxxx the xxxxxx xx unskilledtemporary xxxxxxx workers during xx economic recession xxxx have x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx on xxx wages and xxxxxxx conditions of x S xxxxxxx xxxxxxx 2010) xxxxxxx conditions in x S agriculture xxx characterized xx xxxx work, xxxxxxx and long xxxxxxx days (Durand, xxxxxx 2007b) xxxx xxxxxxx includesprovisions xxxx make…
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