poil330 week 6 discussion

poil330 week 6 discussion

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Question # 00733769 Subject Political Science Topic American Policy Tutorials: 1
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Poli330N week 6

You are an advisor to the President tasked with cutting at least $300 billion from the budget. The president wants your recommendations to cut lines, not large categories. Explain why you chose those cuts. 

Note: These are not true US budget numbers.

DOMESTIC PROGRAMS AND FOREIGN AID

Cut some foreign aid to African countries

?$17 billion

?

Eliminate farm subsidies

?$14 billion

?

Cut pay of civilian federal workers by 5 percent

?$14 billion

?

Reduce the overall federal workforce by 10%

?$12 billion

?

Cut aid to states by 5%

?$29 billion

MILITARY

Cut the number of nuclear warheads, and end the "Star Wars" missile defense program

?$19 billion

?

Reduce military to pre-Iraq War size and further reduce troops in Asia and Europe

?$25 billion

?

Cancel or delay some weapons programs

?$19 billion

HEALTHCARE

Enact medical malpractice reform by reducing the chances of large malpractice verdicts

?$ 8 billion

?

Increase the Medicare eligibility age to 68

?$ 8 billion

?

Raise the Social Security retirement age to 68.

?$ 13 billion

EXISTING TAXES

Return the estate tax to Clinton-era levels, passing on an estate worth more than $1 million to their heirs would have portions of those estates taxed.

?$ 50 billion

?

End tax cuts for income above $250,000 a year

?$ 54 billion

?

End tax cuts for income below $250,000 a year

?$ 172 billion

?

Payroll tax increase for people making over $106,000 annually contributing more to Social Security and Medicare.

?$ 50 billion

NEW TAXES

Institute a Millionaire's tax on income above $1 million

?$ 50 billion

?

Add a national 5% sales tax

?$ 41 billion

?

Add a tax on carbon emissions

?$ 40 billion

?

Tax banks based on their sizes and the amount of risk they take.

?$ 73 billion

Total gap covered by your budget plan

?

$_________________

Use evidence (cite sources) to support your response from assigned readings or online lessons, and at least one outside scholarly source.

 

 

Discussion 2

Initial Post Instructions
Explain how a liberal and conservative would approach developing the US budget. Use evidence (cite sources) to support your response from assigned readings or online lessons, and at least one outside scholarly source.

Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least two peers or one peer and the instructor. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification. Minimum of 1 scholarly source, which can include your textbook or assigned readings or may be from your additional scholarly research.

 

 

Phil 347N

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

  • Textbook: Chapter 10
  • Lesson
  • Link (library article): Myopia and Ambient Lighting at Night (Links to an external site.)
  • Link (library article): Myopia and Ambient Night-Time Lighting (Links to an external site.)
  • Link (website): What Are Clinical Trials and Studies? (Links to an external site.)
  • Minimum of 1 scholarly source

Initial Post Instructions
As the text points out, causal reasoning is used in clinical studies. As a professional in the health field, you will undoubtedly be referring to cause/effect studies for the rest of your professional life. In this discussion, you are asked to expand and deepen your understanding of clinical studies.

In 1999, a study on the causes of myopia appeared in the prestigious journal Nature (Quinn). The study received wide-spread publicity in leading newspapers, such as the New York Times, and on television outlets, such as CBS and CNN. Within a year, another article in Nature followed up the 1999 study (Zadnik). The studies had dramatically different findings.

Using what you have learned from the text, as well as any other sources you may find useful (including the websites in the Required Resources), analyze and evaluate the methodology of both studies and how methodology affected the differences in how the studies were reported.

Reportage of both studies can be found with an Internet search using all of the following terms: <Philadelphia myopia night lights>

 

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