are (a) ignenous, metastone, and sediment, (b) metamorphic, sandstone and granite, (c)
igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks, (d) quartz and sandstone, (e) all of the
3) Circle the letter of the right group of words.
A mineral is (a) any naturally occurring, solid
crystalline structure, with an indefinite mineral composition, and chemical constituents;
(b) any naturally occurring, solid, with an orderly crystalline structure, and a definite
mineral constituents; (c) any naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, with an orderly
crystalline structure and a well defined chemical composition; (d) all of the above.
List 1 example of a mineral.
4) Circle the letter of the right group of words.
The theory of Plate Tectonics identified 3
main plate boundaries.
The 3 plate boundaries are: a) convection cell, asthenosphere,
and mantle; b) convergent, divergent and hot spot; c) convergent, divergent and
transform plate boundaries; d) transform, divergent and mid-oceanic ridge; d) all of the
5) True or false.
Igneous rocks are formed as molten rock (magma/lava) cools and
Provide 1 example of igneous rock.
6) Circle the letter of the right group of words.
Sedimentary rocks are formed: a) from
transportation, compaction, and erosion of pre-existing rocks; b)when magma cools,
transported, deposited and solidified; c) by weathering, transportation, deposition and
metamorphism of preexisting rocks; d) form weathering, transporting, deposition,
compaction and cementation of pre-existing rocks; e) all of above.
7) Fill in the blank.
The 2 types of textures commonly found in metamorphic rocks are ___
8) Circle the letter of the right group of words.
Mass wasting refers to (a) weathering
transportation and deposition of rocks and soil; (b) downslope movement of rock,
regolith, and soil under the direct influence of gravity; (c) downslope movement of soil
and water; (d) physical disintegration of rocks, soil and organic matter; (c) all of the
9) Circle the letter of the right group of words.
A soil is (a) decomposed rock material and
water; (b) a combination of minerals, inorganic matter, water that supports plants; (c) a
mixture of minerals, water and air; (d)a combination of minerals, organic matter, water
and air, that portion of the regolith that supports plants growth; (e) all of the above.
10) Circle the letter of the right word.
The physical removal of earth materials (e.
rocks, etc) and transportation from place to place by agents such as wind, water or
glaciers is (a) weathering, (b) mass wasting, (c) lithification, (d) erosion, (e) all of the
11) List 3 destructions commonly caused by an earthquake.
Use formal English to briefly explain the interaction/relationship between
earthquake and tsunami.
12) True of false.
The two types of floods are regional and flash flood.
Which one of the 2 types of floods is more deadly and why (be brief)?
13) Provide 2 sources of groundwater contamination.
True or false.
Groundwater flows from lower to higher elevations underground.
14) Fill in the blank.
Earthquake originate from a point underground called_____.
a? True or false.
The epicenter of an earthquake is underground and below the focus of
15) Circle the letter of the right group of words.
A Mineral or ore deposit is: a) a naturally
occurring concentration of one or more minerals that can be mined for profit; b) a
mineral resources that is not profitable; c) a depleted mineral mine; d) an unknown
mineral; e) all of the above.
16) List 3 functions of soil.
17) Provide 2 similarities and differences between coal and crude oil (petroleum)