BSC2346 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
Module 10 Quiz
Which statement is true regarding the adrenal glands?
Adrenal glands are located on the superior portion of the liver
Adrenal glands produce gonadotropins
Hormones secreted by adrenal glands are influenced by growth hormone
Imbalances of certain hormones secreted by the adrenal glands can lead to Addison’s and Cushing’s disease
Which statement is true regarding antidiuretic hormone (ADH)?
ADH ultimately influences the kidneys to secrete more water, decreasing the body’s overall water retention
ADH is stored in the anterior pituitary
ADH stimulates the release of prolactin secretion too
ADH will be secreted if the body is dehydrated
Which endocrine gland is associated with and directly responsible for increasing and/or decreasing blood sugar levels?
In a healthy patient, a decrease in production of Thyroid Hormone (T3 and T4) will cause an increase Thyroid-stimulating Hormone released from the pituitary gland.
Which endocrine hormone is associated with directly decreasing blood sugar levels?
Which statement is true regarding the endocrine system?
The pancreas produces and secretes insulin and aldosterone
Both male and female gonads are influenced by luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
The thyroid only produces and secretes out hormones that influence the body’s metabolism
The pineal gland is located in the lower neck region of the body
A goiter is a common feature in which of the following disorders?
Diabetes Type 1
Diabetes Type 2
Which endocrine gland is associated with and directly responsible for producing hormones such as cortisol that influence the body’s stress response?
Adrenal cortex of the adrenal glands
Adrenal medulla of the adrenal glands
Which statement is true regarding blood calcium levels and the endocrine system?
Calcitonin, melatonin, and aldosterone all have a direct impact on blood calcium levels
Calcitonin will increase the activity of osteoclasts
Parathyroid hormone will increase the production of vitamin d and absorption of calcium within the gastrointestinal tract
Parathyroid hormone is produced and secreted by the thyroid gland
Secretion of both Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing hormone (LH) is stimulated by which of these hormones?
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Which endocrine hormone is associated with prescription medications that are used to suppress the immune system and have anti-inflammation properties?
Which statement is true regarding endocrine system disorders?
Excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH) in children can lead to gigantism
Hyperthryoidism leads to an increase of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Diabetes type 1 results from over-secretion of insulin and cellular resistance to insulin
Decreased levels of iodine in the body can lead to imbalances of pancreatic hormones
Which endocrine hormone is associated with influencing an individual’s circadian rhythm (sleep/wake cycle)?
Besides the major endocrine glands, many other organs also secrete hormones, such as the skin, kidney, and stomach.
In increase in Thyroid Hormone (T3 and T4) secretion results in an increase in body heat production and an increase in basal metabolic rate.