Suppose a multiplexer has two input streams, each at a
nominal rate of 1 Mbps. To accommodate deviations from the nominal rate, the
multiplexer transmits at a rate of 2.2 Mbps as follows. Each group of 22 bits
in the output of the multiplexer contains 18 positions that always carry
information bits, nine from each input.
The remaining four positions consist of two flag bits and
two data bits. Each flag bit indicates whether the corresponding data bit
carries user information or a stuff bit because user information was not
available at the input.
Suppose that the two input lines operate at exactly 1 Mbps.
How frequently are the stuff bits used? Explain why.