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Intermediate accounting

Question # 00084286
Subject: Accounting
Due on: 08/22/2015
Posted On: 07/23/2015 07:41 AM

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Assignment 1:

1. E3-18 (Page 152)

The current asset section of the Excalibur Tire Company's balance sheet consists of cash, marketable securities, accounts receivable and inventories. The December 31, 2011, balance sheet revealed the following:


Inventories $840,000

Total assets $2,800,000

Current ratio 2.25

Acid-test ratio 1.2

Debt to equity ratio 1.8


Determine the following 2011 balance sheet items:

1. Current Assets

2. Shareholders’ Equity

3. Noncurrent Assets

4. Long-term Liabilities

2. E3-20 (Page 152)

Most decisions made by management impact the ratios analysts use to evaluate performance. Indicate (by letter) whether each of the actions listed below will immediately increase (I), decrease (D) or have no effect (N) on the ratios shown. Assume each ratio is less than 1.0 before the action is taken.


Current Ratio

Acid – Test


Debt to

Equity Ratio

1. Issuance of long-term bonds

2. Issuance of short-term notes

3. Payment of accounts payable

4. Purchase of inventory on account

5. Purchase of inventory for cash

6. Purchase of equipment with a

4-year note

7. Retirement of bonds

8. Sale of common stock

9. Write-off of obsolete inventory

10. Purchase of short-term investment for cash

11. Decision to refinance on a long-term basis some currently maturing debt

3. Judgment Case 3-5 (Page 161)

Review the balance sheet provided for Marcus Clothing Corporation and the additional information provided on page 162. Identify and explain the deficiencies in the statement prepared by the company’s accountant. Include in your answer items that require additional disclosure, either on the face of the statement or in a note.

You recently joined the internal auditing department of Marcus Clothing Corporation. As one of your first assignments, you are examining a balance sheet prepared by a staff accountant


Balance Sheet At December 31, 2011


Current assets:

Cash $ 137,000

Accounts receivable, net 80,000

Note receivable 53,000

Inventories 240,000

Investments 66,000


Total current assets 576,000

Other assets:

Land 200,000

Equipment, net 320,000

Prepaid expenses 27,000

Patent 22,000


Total other assets 569,000


Total assets $1,145,000

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable $ 125,000

Salaries payable 32,000


Total current liabilities 157,000

Long-term liabilities:

Note payable $ 100,000

Bonds payable 300,000

Interest payable 20,000


Total long-term liabilities 420,000

Shareholders' equity:

Common stock 500,000

Retained earnings 68,000


Total shareholders' equity 568,000


Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $1,145,000

In the course of your examination you uncover the following information pertaining to the balance sheet:

1. The company rents its facilities. The land that appears in the statement is being held for future sale.

2. The note receivable is due in 2013. The balance of $53,000 includes $3,000 of accrued interest. The next interest payment is due in July 2012.

3. The note payable is due in installments of $20,000 per year. Interest on both the notes and bonds is payable annually.

4. The company's investments consist of marketable equity securities of other corporations. Management does not intend to liquidate any investments in the coming year.


Identify and explain the deficiencies in the statement prepared by the company's accountant. Include in your answer items that require additional disclosure, either on the face of the statement or in a note.

4. Integrating Case

Review the information pertaining to the audit of Covington Pike Corporation in problem 5-23 on pages 296-297 of your text. Use the list of ratios and the notes provided to approximate the current year’s balances in the form of a balance sheet and income statement, to the extent the information allows. Accompany those financial statements with calculations you use to estimate each amount reported.

You are a new staff accountant with a large regional CPA firm, participating in your first audit. You recall from your auditing class that CPAs often use ratios to test the reasonableness of accounting numbers provided by client. Since ratios reflect the relationships among various account balances, if it is assumed that prior relationships still hold, prior years' ratios can be used to estimate what current balances should approximate. However you never actually performed this kind of analysis until now. The CPA in charge of the audit of Covington Pike Corporation brings you the list of ratios shown below and tells you these reflect the relationships maintained by Covington Pike in recent years.

Profit margin on sales = 5%

Return on assets = 7.5%

Gross profit margin = 40%

Inventory turnover ratio = 6 times

Receivables turnover ratio = 25

Acid-test ratio = .9 .

Current ratio = 2 to 1

Return on shareholders' equity = 10%

Debt to equity ratio = 1/3

Times interest earned ratio = 12 times

Jotted in the margins are the following notes:

• Net income $15,000

• Only one short-term note ($5,000); all other current liabilities are trade accounts

• Property, plant, and equipment are the only noncurrent assets

• Bonds payable are the only noncurrent liabilities

• The effective interest rate on short-term notes and bonds is 8%

• No investment securities

• Cash balance totals $ 15,000


You are requested to approximate the current year's balances in the form of a balance sheet and income statement, to the extent the information allows. Accompany those financial statements with the calculations you use to estimate each amount reported.

5. Complete the following activities and submit your answers to your instructor in a Word document formatted to proper APA specifications. Include any relevant supporting calculations.

Chapter 4: E4-16 – page 215

The following summary transactions occurred during 2011 for Bluebonnet Bakers:

Cash Received from:

Customers $ 380,000

Interest on note receivable 6,000

Principal on note receivable 50,000

Sale of investments 30,000

Proceeds from note payable 100,000

Cash paid for:

Purchase of inventory $ 160,000

Interest on note payable 5,000

Purchase of equipment 85,000

Salaries to employees 90,000

Principal on note payable 25,000

Payment of dividends to shareholders 20,000

The balance of cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of 2011 was $17,000.


Prepare a statement of cash flows for 2011 for Bluebonnet Bakers. Use the direct method for reporting operating activities.

6. E4-19 – page 215

The following transactions occurred during March 2011 for the Wainwright Corporation. The company owns and operates a wholesale warehouse. [These are the same transactions analyzed in Exercise 2-1, when we determined their effect on elements of the accounting equation.]

1. Issued 30,000 shares of capital stock in exchange for $300,000 in cash.

2. Purchased equipment at a cost of $40,000. $10,000 cash was paid and a note payable was signed for the balance owed.

3. Purchased inventory on account at a cost of $90,000. The company uses the perpetual inventory system.

4. Credit sales for the month totaled $120,000. The cost of the goods sold was $70,000.

5. Paid $5,000 in rent on the warehouse building for the month of March.

6. Paid $6,000 to an insurance company for fire and liability insurance for a one-year period beginning April 1, 2011.

7. Paid $70,000 on account for the merchandise purchased in 3.

8. Collected $55,000 from customers on account.

9. Recorded depreciation expense of $1,000 for the month on the equipment.


1. Analyze each transaction and classify each as a financing, investing and/or operating activity (a transaction can represent more than one type of activity). In doing so, also indicate the cash effect of each, if any. If there is no cash effect, simply place a check mark (V) in the appropriate column(s). Example:




1. $ 300,000

2. Prepare a statement of cash flows, using the direct method to present cash flows from operating activities. Assume the cash balance at the beginning of the month was $40.000.

7. E4-22 – page 216-217

Presented below is the 2011 income statement and comparative balance sheet information for Tiger Enterprises.


Income Statement

For the Year Ended December 31, 2011


($ in thousands)

Sales revenue

Operating expenses:

Cost of goods sold 3,360

Depreciation $ 240

Insurance $ 100

Administrative and other 1,800


Total operating expenses 5,500


Income before income taxes 1,500

Income tax expense 600


Net income 900

Balance Sheet Information ($ in thousands) Dec. 31, 2011 Dec. 31, 2010


Cash $ 300 $ 200

Accounts receivable 750 830

Inventory 640 600

Prepaid insurance 50 20

Plant and equipment 2,100 1,800

Less: Accumulated depreciation (840) (600)

____________ ______________

Total assets $ 3,000 $2,850

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity:

Accounts payable 300 360

Payables for administrative and other expenses 300 400

Income taxes payable 200 150

Note payable (due 12/31/2012) 800 600

Common stock 900 800

Retained earnings 500 540

_________ ____________

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 3,000 $ 2,850


Prepare Tiger's statement of cash flows, using the indirect method to present cash flows from operating activities. (Hint: You will have to calculate dividend payments.)

8. Judgment Case 4-9 – page 227

Each of the following situations occurred during 2011 for one of your audit clients:

1. The write-off of inventory due to obsolescence.

2. Discovery that depreciation expenses were omitted by accident from 2010's income statement.

3. The useful lives of all machinery were changed from eight to five years.

4. The depreciation method used for all equipment was changed from the declining-balance to the straight-line method.

5. Ten million dollars face value of bonds payable were repurchased (paid off) prior to maturity resulting in a material loss of $500,000. The company considers the event unusual and infrequent.

6. Restructuring costs were incurred.

7. The Stridewell Company, a manufacturer of shoes, sold all of its retail outlets. It will continue to manufacture and sell its shoes to other retailers. A loss was incurred in the disposition of the retail stores. The retail stores are considered components of the entity.

8. The inventory costing method was changed from FIFO to average cost.


1. For each situation, identify the appropriate reporting treatment from the list below (consider each event to be material):

a. As an extraordinary item.

b. As an unusual or infrequent gain or loss.

c. As a prior period adjustment.

d. As a change in accounting principle.

e. As a discontinued operation.

f. As a change in accounting estimate.

g. As a change in accounting estimate achieved by a change in accounting principle.

2. Indicate whether each situation would be included in the income statement in continuing operations (CO) or below continuing operations (BC), or if it would appear as an adjustment to retained earnings (RE). Use the format shown below to answer requirements 1 and 2.


Treatment (a-g)

Financial Statement Presentation

(CO, BC, or RE)









9. Chapter 5: E5-3 – page 275 – 276

Charter Corporation, which began business in 2011, appropriately uses the installment sales method of accounting for its installment sales. The following data were obtained for sales during 2011 and 2012:




Installment sales $ 360,000 $ 350,000

Cost of installment sales 234,000 245,000

Cash collections on installment sales during:

2011 150,000 100,000

2012 _ 120,000


Prepare summary journal entries for 2011 and 2012 to account for the installment sales and cash collections. The company uses the perpetual inventory system.

10. E5-10 – page 277

On June 15, 2011, Sanderson Construction entered into a long-term construction contract to build a baseball stadium in Washington D.C. for $220 million. The expected completion date is April 1 of 2013, just in time for the 2013 baseball season. Costs incurred and estimated costs to complete at year-end for the life of the contract are as follows ($ in millions):





Costs incurred during the year $ 40 $ 80 $ 50

Estimated costs to complete as of 12/31 120 60 _


1. Determine the amount of gross profit or loss to be recognized in each of the three years using the percentage- of-completion method.

2. How much revenue will Sanderson report in its 2011 and 2012 income statements related to this contract using the percentage-of-completion method?

3. Determine the amount of gross profit or loss to be recognized in each of the three years using the completed contract method.

4. Determine the amount of revenue, cost, and gross profit or loss to be recognized in each of the three years under IFRS, assuming that using the percentage-of-completion method is not appropriate.

5. Suppose the estimated costs to complete at the end of 2012 are $80 million instead of $60 million. Determine the amount of gross profit or loss to be recognized in 2012 using the percentage-of-completion method.

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Tutorial Preview …place x check xxxx (V) in xxx appropriate column(s) xxxxxxxx Financing xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx 1 x 300,000 2 xxxxxxx a statement xx cash xxxxxx xxxxx the xxxxxx method to xxxxxxx cash flows xxxx operating xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx the xxxx balance at xxx beginning of xxx month xxx xxx 000 x E4-22 – xxxx 216-217 Presented xxxxx is xxx xxxx income xxxxxxxxx and comparative xxxxxxx sheet information xxx Tiger xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx ENTERPRISES xxxxxx Statement For xxx Year Ended xxxxxxxx 31, xxxx xxxxxx ($ xx thousands) Sales xxxxxxx Operating expenses: xxxx of xxxxx xxxx 3,360 xxxxxxxxxxxx $ 240 xxxxxxxxx $ 100 xxxxxxxxxxxxxx and xxxxx xxxxx _______ xxxxx operating expenses xxxxx ______ Income xxxxxx income xxxxx xxxxx Income xxx expense 600 xxxxxxxxx Net income xxx Balance xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx ($ xx thousands) Dec xxx 2011 Dec xxx 2010 xxxxxxx xxxx $ xxx $ 200 xxxxxxxx receivable 750 xxx Inventory xxx xxx Prepaid xxxxxxxxx 50 20 xxxxx and equipment xxxxx 1,800 xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx depreciation xxxxx (600) ____________ xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Total assets x 3,000 xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx and xxxxxxxxxxxxx Equity: Accounts xxxxxxx 300 360 xxxxxxxx for xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx other xxxxxxxx 300 400 xxxxxx taxes payable xxx 150 xxxx xxxxxxx (due xxxxxxxxxxx 800 600 xxxxxx stock 900 xxx Retained xxxxxxxx xxx 540 xxxxxxxxx ____________ Total xxxxxxxxxxx and shareholders' xxxxxx $ xxxxx x 2,850 xxxxxxxxx Prepare Tiger's xxxxxxxxx of cash xxxxxx using xxx xxxxxxxx method xx present cash xxxxx from operating xxxxxxxxxx (Hint: xxx xxxx have xx calculate dividend xxxxxxxx ) 8 xxxxxxxx Case xxx xxx page xxx Each of xxx following situations xxxxxxxx during xxxx xxx one xx your audit xxxxxxxx 1 The xxxxxxxxx of xxxxxxxxx xxx to xxxxxxxxxxxx 2 Discovery xxxx depreciation expenses xxxx omitted xx xxxxxxxx from xxxxxx income statement x The useful xxxxx of xxx xxxxxxxxx were xxxxxxx from eight xx five years x The xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx used xxx all equipment xxx changed from xxx declining-balance xx xxx straight-line xxxxxx 5 Ten xxxxxxx dollars face xxxxx of xxxxx xxxxxxx were xxxxxxxxxxx (paid off) xxxxx to maturity xxxxxxxxx in x xxxxxxxx loss xx $500,000 The xxxxxxx considers the xxxxx unusual xxx xxxxxxxxxx 6 xxxxxxxxxxxxx costs were xxxxxxxx 7 The xxxxxxxxxx Company, x xxxxxxxxxxxx of xxxxxx sold all xx its retail xxxxxxx It xxxx xxxxxxxx to xxxxxxxxxxx and sell xxx shoes to xxxxx retailers x xxxx was xxxxxxxx in the xxxxxxxxxxx of the xxxxxx stores xxx xxxxxx stores xxx considered components xx the entity x The xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx method xxx changed from xxxx to average xxxx Required: x xxx each xxxxxxxxxx identify the xxxxxxxxxxx reporting treatment xxxx the xxxx xxxxx…
188896_11885_2_TM_C_TTs050513-38741-14.xlsx (15.97 KB)
Preview: accounts xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx in xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx in prepaid xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx in accounts xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx in xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx other xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx in Income xxxxx payableNet cash xxxxx from xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx flows xxxx investing activities:Purchase xx Plant & xxxxxxxxxxxxx flows.....
188896_11885_1_TM_C_TTs050513-38741-14.docx (25.69 KB)
Preview: inventory xxx to xxxxxxxxxxxx Particulars Appropriate xxxxxxxxxx The write-off xx inventory xxx xx obsolescence xx Discovery that xxxxxxxxxxxx expenses were xxxxxxx by xxxxxxxx xxxx 2010's xxxxxx statement C3 xxx useful lives xx all xxxxxxxxx xxxx changed xxxx eight to xxxx years F4 xxx depreciation xxxxxx xxxx for xxx equipment was xxxxxxx from the xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx to xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx methodG5 xxx million dollars xxxx value of xxxxx payable xxxx xxxxxxxxxxx (paid xxxx prior to xxxxxxxx resulting in x material xxxx xx $500,000 xxx company considers xxx event unusual xxx infrequent xx xxxxxxxxxxxxx costs xxxx incurred B7 xxx Stride well xxxxxxxx a xxxxxxxxxxxx xx shoes, xxxx all of xxx retail outlets xx will xxxxxxxx xx manufacture xxx sell its xxxxx to other xxxxxxxxx A xxxx xxx incurred xx the disposition xx the retail xxxxxx The xxxxxx xxxxxx are xxxxxxxxxx components of xxx entityE8 The xxxxxxxxx costing xxxxxx xxx changed xxxx FIFO to xxxxxxx costDIndicate whether xxxx situation xxxxx xx included xx the income xxxxxxxxx in continuing xxxxxxxxxx (CO) xx xxxxx continuing xxxxxxxxxx (BC), or xx it would xxxxxx as xx xxxxxxxxxx to xxxxxxxx earnings (RE) xxx the format xxxxx below xx xxxxxx requirements x and 2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx (a-g)Financial Statement xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx BC, xx xxxx BCo2 xxxx FCO4 GCO5 xxxx BCO7 EBC8 xxxxxxxxxxx of xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx Determine xxx amount of xxxxx profit or xxxx to xx xxxxxxxxxx in xxxx of the xxxxx years using xxx percentage- xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx Particulars201120122013Contract xxxxx (A)220220220Actual cost xx date40120170Estimated cost xx complete120600Total xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Gross xxxxxx (A-B)604050 Gross xxxxxx to be xxxxxxxxxxx = xxxxxx xxxx *100 xxxxx estimated cost xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx profit to xx recognized; x xxxxxx Cost xxxx.....
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