Plato, Artistotle and Religion: Multiple Choice Questions
1) For Plato, a just society is one in which .
a) there is
a classless, egalitarian society.
b) each of
the classes reflects the tripartite division of the soul.
of wisdom" (philosophers) are the "guardians" and/ or police of
virtue of the rulers is "moderation".
2) The sun and the Good are alike in so far as the Good
makes possible as the sun makes sight
3) Platonic Idealism is the opposite of .
4) Platonic dualism holds that .
are born with inherent moral goodness.
is responsible for moral education.
have free will.
d) All of
5) Eudaimonia or "happiness" is, for Aristotle?
from everyday human endeavors.
proper use of human abilities.
final and self-sufficient.
6) Which of the following is a vise of excess of Aristotle?
7) According to Aristotle, the final good for which humans
need to aim is .
activity of the soul in according with the excellence of reason.
b) A means
to something that will make us satisfied with material comfort.
intermediate between excess and deficiency that is absolute regardless of the
d) None of
8) According to Aristotle we are by nature virtuous.
9) The divine command theory of ethics implies that .
a) The Ten
Commandments are good because they state what humans feel is morally correct.
b) The Ten
Commandments are good because God decreed them
c) Piety is
good because the gods love it.
d) Both b
10) Which of the following constitute problems for the
divine command of ethics?
a) We cannot
know for sure what God commands.
b) It is
necessary to choose between viewing God as less that supreme because God is
subject to a higher moral standard or viewing morality as arbitrary depending
on God's will.
God is good and not the foundation of fallible human morality, or God is the
foundation of fallible human morality and not good.
d) All of