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BIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT

Question # 00609114
Subject: Biology
Due on: 10/29/2017
Posted On: 10/29/2017 01:01 AM

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Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.04H]The disk-shaped region around the sun that contains the orbit of each planet is called the
celestial sphere ecliptic plane circumpolar curve coordinate gridQuestion 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.01]Soil erosion due to rainfall is an example of interactions between the geosphere and
cryosphere hydrosphere atmosphere biosphereQuestion 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02]Which of these statements is most likely correct about a weak nuclear force?
It binds electrons and protons. It binds protons and neutrons. It is an attractive force. It is a repulsive force.Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.05]Which of these statements best compares P waves and S waves of an earthquake?
Both S waves and P waves travel through oxygen gas. Both S waves and P waves travel through carbon dioxide gas. S waves do not tavel through molten rocks but P waves travel through molten rocks. P waves do not tavel through molten rocks but S waves travel through molten rocks.Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02H]The graph below shows the half life values of parent isotopes.
Based on the graph, it can be concluded that the isotope which is most likely to be found with 6.25% of its original amount in 16 billion years?
Rubidium-87 Uranium-238 Potassium-40 Thorium-235Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[O.01]Which of these is the deepest part of the ocean floor?
guyot seamount abyssal plain ocean trenchQuestion 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02]The table below compares the radioactive decay rates of two materials.1 208 13
2 200 50Based on the table, which of these conclusions is most likely correct?
The half-life of Material 1 and Material 2 are equal. The half-life of Material 2 is double the half-life of Material 1. The half-life of Material 2 is 30 hours more than the half-life of Material 1. The half-life of Material 1 is 30 hours more than the half-life of Material 2.Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.04]The paragraph below describes the process by which a geologic feature is formed."This feature is formed when molten rocks under the ground break through Earth's crust. They cool down and pile up on the surface of Earth."Which of these geologic features is formed by the process described in the paragraph?
folded mountain fault block mountain plateau mountain volcanic mountainQuestion 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.03]Which of these plate tectonic features occurs when Earth plates move away from each other?
transform boundaries convergent boundaries divergent boundaries convection boundariesQuestion 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]Copernicus and Kepler were astronomers who had proposed theories about the solar system. Copernicus believed that Earth and other planets circled a stationary sun. Kepler believed that the sun rotated like planets. Which of these statements best explains why Copernicus and Kepler made different observations about the solar system?
They used outdated data to make inferences. They used incorrect methods of experimentation. They had different goals which influenced their inferences. They could not match their observations with their calculations.Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02]Which of these qualities helps scientists to choose appropriate methods to date fossils?
punctuality honesty creativity modestyQuestion 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]Which of these statements is most likely correct about the Nebular theory of formation of solar system?
It is based on facts which are non-testable. It is invalid because it is based on non-observable facts. It cannot be replaced by modern theories in the future. It was proposed after several scientific investigations proved it valid.Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[O.02]The diagram below shows the movement of water on Earth.
Which of these statements best explains why water flows from point A to point B?
The salinity at B is more than at A. The wind velocity at B is more than at A. The temperature at A is more than at B. The water density at A is more than at B.Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]Which of these diagrams best shows Ptolemy's geocentric model of the solar system?
Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[O.05]A coastal location in Florida has good ports and recreation facilities on the beach. The location is most likely to
be clean and pollution free experience severe weather conditions have few hotels and resorts along the beaches attract migrants from different parts of the stateQuestion 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02]Iodine-131 has a half-life of 8.10 days. In how many days will 50 grams of Iodine-131 decay to one-eighth of its original amount?
24.3 days 32.4 days 40.5 days 48.6 daysQuestion 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02]Look at the four layers of rocks shown below.
Based on observations, it can be inferred that
Layer D is the oldest and Layer A is the youngest Layer C is the oldest and Layer D is the youngest Layer D is the oldest and Layer C is the youngest Layer A is the oldest and Layer D is the youngestQuestion 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]Kepler's laws about the solar system
prove that theories on space are non-testable describe why objects in space behave in a certain way explain what happens in nature under certain conditions can be changed on the basis of new data and experimentationQuestion 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.03]Which of these may be damaged by increase in solar activity?
computer equipment in space microwave ovens on Earth mobile phone sets washing machinesQuestion 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.05H]Which of these statements best explains why the cost of purchasing land for geothermal plants is usually lesser than the cost of purchasing land for fossil fuel plants?
Fossil fuel plants are built closer to cities than geothermal plants. Fossil fuel plants are built closer to the oceans than geothermal plants. Geothermal plants need smaller area of land than fossil fuel plants. Geothermal plants need less fertile land than fossil fuel plants.Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.03]The diagram below shows two natural processes.
Which of these statements is correct about Process 1 and Process 2?
Both processes create mid-ocean ridges. Both processes create high mountain ranges. Process 1 creates mid-ocean ridges and Process 2 creates high mountains. Process 2 creates mid-ocean ridges and Process 1 creates high mountains.Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.02]The sun's electromagnetic radiation is produced by
gravitational forces in space exchange of gases in space stationary charges and solar winds changing electric and magnetic fieldsQuestion 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.03]A group of scientists have proposed a new theory about chemical evolution. The new theory would be validated
if its findings are non-observable after its results are proved non-testable if it is accepted as a universal law of nature after it is reviewed and approved by other scientistsQuestion 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[O.02]The map below shows four locations in Florida.
Which of these locations is most likely to have the least extreme temperatures?
Location A and Location B Location A and Location D Location B and Location C Location B and Location DQuestion 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.01]The diagram below shows the layers in Earth's interior.
Which of these statements best describes a difference between the two layers?
Layer A is hotter than Layer B. Layer B is hotter than Layer A. Layer A is liquid but Layer B is gaseous. Layer B is liquid but Layer A is gaseous.Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]The diagram below shows different positions of Earth and Mars around the sun.
Based on the diagram, which of these statements is correct?
Earth moves faster at position A than at position B. Mars moves faster at position B than at position A. Earth moves at the same speed at position A and position B. Mars moves at the same speed at position A and position B.Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.05]Look at the four positions of Earth with respect to the sun.
Australia is in the Southern hemisphere. Which of these statements is correct about Australia?
It experiences the first day of summer at Position 3 and first day of winter at Position 1. It experiences the first day of summer at Position 1 and first day of winter at Position 3. It experiences the first day of autumn at Position 3 and first day of spring at Position 1. It experiences the first day of autumn at Position 1 and first day of spring at Position 3.Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.02]Which of these statements best describes a similarity between photosynthesis and dissolving in the sea?
Both store carbon in the ground. Both take up carbon from the ground. Both release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Both absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]A group of students designed an experiment with a thread and a rubber stopper. The steps of the experiment are listed below.
Tie a rubber stopper to one end of a 20 cm long thread.
Hold the other end of the thread and whirl it in a circle five times.
Allow the thread to wind up on the finger.
Observe that the rubber stopper moves faster as it comes nearer to the finger.
The experiment most likely demonstrates
Kepler's first law of planetary motion Kepler's second law of planetary motion Newton's second law of motion Newton's third law of motionQuestion 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02H]The graph below shows the radioactive decay of a material.
If the original mass of the radioactive material was 500 grams, after how many billion years will its mass become 125 grams?
2 billion years 4 billion years 6 billion years 8 billion yearsQuestion 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.03]The graph below shows the averaged sunspots from 1610 to 2007.
Based on the graph, which of these conclusions is correct?
Some of the previously warm regions became colder from 1650 to 1700. Some of the previously cold regions became warmer from 1600 to 1700. Some of the previously warm regions became warmer from 1610 to 1700. Some of the previously cold regions became colder from 1900 to 1950.Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]Scientists have discovered a solar system at a distance of 2000 AU from Earth. What is the distance, in kilometers, between the new solar system and Earth?
300 million kilometers 300 billion kilometers 20 million kilometers 20 billion kilometersQuestion 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02]In which of these rock diagrams is Layer A the youngest?
Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[O.02]The world map below shows the locations of San Francisco and Dublin.
Which of these statements best explains why San Francisco and Dublin have similar temperatures throughout the year?
San Francisco and Dublin are both located in the northern hemisphere. San Francisco and Dublin are both influenced by the same ocean currents. San Francisco is located close to the equator and Dublin is located close to the tropics. San Francisco is influenced by coastal upwelling and Dublin is influenced by the Gulf Stream.Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.02]The diagram below shows five objects in space. Object 1 is at equal distance from Object 2, Object 3, Object 4, and Object 5.
The mass of Object 2 is double the mass of Object 5. The mass of Object 4 is half of the mass of Object 5 and the mass of Object 3 is half of the mass of Object 4.Which of these statements is correct about Object 2, Object 3, Object 4, and Object 5?
Object 3 and Object 5 exert the same gravitational force on Object 1. Object 2 and Object 4 exert the same gravitational force on Object 1. The gravitational force between Object 1 and Object 2 is greater than the gravitational force between Object 1 and Object 4. The gravitational force between Object 1 and Object 3 is greater than the gravitational force between Object 1 and Object 5.Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.03]The diagram below shows undisturbed fossils in a sedimentary rock.
Which of these conclusions is most likely correct about the location from where the fossil was discovered?
It was a sea which was replaced by a forest. It was a forest which was replaced by a sea. It has many marine animals which feed on plants. It has many marine animals which share a common ancestor.Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.05H]The table below shows the amount of carbon dioxide emitted in pounds per megawatt hour (lbs/MW-hr) due to energy production from geothermal, natural gas, oil, and coal technologies.Method 1 1000
Method 2 200
Method 3 1500
Method 4 2000Based on the table, which of these methods most likely represents geothermal technology?
Method 1 Method 2 Method 3 Method 4Question 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]The first three steps in the formation of the sun are listed below.
A cloud of gas and dust called nebula spins slowly.
The nebula collapses due to condensation of gases.
The cloud spins faster as it collapses.
Which of these statements best describes the next step in the formation of the sun?
The contracting nebula flattens into a disk with a bulge at the center. The gas particles in the nebula repel each other and move apart. The nuclear fission of the gas molecules releases large amount of energy. The sun is created at the outermost portion of the condensed nebula.Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.02]Which of these forces in carbon-14 isotopes transforms a neutron into a proton?
gravitational forces electromagnetic forces weak nuclear forces strong nuclear forcesQuestion 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]New theories surrounding the formation of our solar system are proposed after
current evidences are studied current data is proved non-testable old theories become facts in nature old theories become scientific lawsQuestion 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[O.02]One group of students did an experiment to study the movement of ocean water. The steps of the experiment are listed below.
Fill a rectangular baking glass dish with water.
Place a lighted lamp near the left edge of the dish.
Place a plastic bag with ice in the water near the right edge of the dish.
Put a few drops of ink in the water.
Observe the ink flow from the side where the lamp is placed towards the side where the ice bag is placed.
What does the students' experiment most likely demonstrate?
Surface water sinks when heated. Surface water moves from colder to warmer regions. Surface water moves from warmer to colder regions. Surface water moves irrespective of water temperature.Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[O.01]The diagram below shows some ocean floor features.
Which of these statements best compares Feature A and Feature B?
Feature A is the mid-ocean ridge and Feature B is the abyss. Feature B is the mid-ocean ridge and Feature A is the abyss. Feature B is the continental shelf and Feature A is the continental slope. Feature A is the continental shelf and Feature B is the continental slope.Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.01]The main use of a model of the solar system is to
increase the complexity of theories about space represent complex structures and relationships prove that theories on space are non-observable show that objects in space cannot be replicatedQuestion 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.03]Scientists have observed a sudden explosion in the sun followed by rapid changes in the sun's brightness. Which of these events would most likely occur due to this solar condition?
change in wind velocity change in Earth's climatic pattern increase in number of solar eclipses increase in atmospheric pollution on EarthQuestion 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.03]The picture below shows the bone structures of bird, bat and human.
Based on the diagram, which of these statements is correct about birds, bats, and humans?
They use their limbs for different functions. They have evolved from a common ancestor. Their bone structures have not changed over time. Their bone structures were more complex in the past.Question 46 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[TG.05H]A specific location in Europe produces energy from fossil fuels and geothermal sources. The graph below shows the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the location from 1960 to 2000.
Based on the graph, which of these tables best represents the amount of electricity generated by fossil fuels and geothermal energy in the location from 1960 to 2000?
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
1,670 1,589 1,239 986 443
Electricity generated by geothermal energy (in megawatt hour) 45 123 445 1,285 2,873
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
46 121 449 1,282 2,870
1,676 1,583 1,235 982 441
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
346 721 1,049 1,282 2,870
Electricity generated by geothermal energy (in megawatt hour) 1,376 1,583 1,635 1,782 1,812
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
1,376 1,583 1,635 1,782 1,812
Electricity generated by geothermal energy (in megawatt hour) 346 721 1,049 1,282 2,870Question 47 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.03]Chemical evolution explains how living systems were created from
living atoms animal atoms plant molecules non-living moleculesQuestion 48 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[GT.03]The diagram below shows the processes which created life on Earth.
Which of these labels best fits the empty cell in the diagram?
fusion of living molecules creation of living molecules formation of non living molecules splitting up of non living moleculesQuestion 49 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
[OSS.04H]The diagram below shows a star map.
At which of these locations on the map would the moon be most likely found?
Location A Location B Location C Location DQuestion 50 (Essay Worth 5 points)
[TG.04]In your own words, explain the processes responsible for the formation of a lateral fault.Question 51 (Essay Worth 5 points)
[TG.04] In your own words, explain why the landscape of Florida has not changed over time like that of Colorado.Question 52 (Essay Worth 5 points)
[OSS.03] In your own words, explain how the number of sunspots can affect the overall global climate on Earth.Question 53 (Essay Worth 5 points)
[TG.05H] A specific location in America has closed down several fossil fuel units and set up geothermal plants. In your own words, explain how this would affect the economy of the location

Tags aignment biology worth choice multiple object location shows layer position statements solar geothermal best feature diagram likely plants water correct waves foil space material earth theories billion moves gravitational halflife proce force

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