Write a literature review on one of the following transnational criminal activities: drug trafficking, weapons trafficking, trafficking in counterfeit goods, transnational cybercrime, human trafficking, migrant smuggling, transnational sex crimes, transnational environmental crime, or transnational money laundering.
Limit your paper topic to one or more subareas of one of the 9 subject areas listed in the previous sentence.
Limit your topic by market, one subtype of good / service, one stage of the production process (Matthew S.
Jenner’s chapter in the Reichel and Albanese textbook is a good example of how to do this), and/or one span of time; if you can’t find enough to discuss one subtopic, then you can expand the scope of your paper to two or more subtopics, but the subtopics should be related so that your paper discusses a unified subject matter.
You must discuss at least 10 sources in your paper. One of the sources must be the chapter in the Reichel and Albanese textbook that corresponds to your paper topic. The other sources must come from a) Sims Library collection; b) Criminal Justice Periodicals, Academic Search Complete, or both databases (use peer reviewed sources); or c) the bibliography of one of the chapters in the Reichel and Albanese textbook. You must use the author-date system to refer to your sources; every source that is referred to in the paper must be listed in the reference list at the end of the paper. The reference list must not include any sources that are not discussed at least briefly in the paper.
The literature review must be 8 – 12 pages long. It must be typed double-spaced in 12-point Times New Roman font, and the margins must be one inch on all four sides of the paper. The literature review must be submitted through Moodle as a word processing file in .rtf, .doc, or .docx format. Your grade will be reduced by 5 percent if one or more of the conditions regarding type font, size, and spacing, margins, and type of computer file are not met.
In the main body of your paper, you should discuss who is involved in making the illegal business that you are discussing happen, whether as a supplier or demander or in some other role. Also discuss how the illicit good or service gets from the initial supplier to the demander, what are the relevant factors that enable or empower the supplier to satisfy the demand, where the market or markets are located, and when did the market emerge. If any of the authors you cite discuss relevant theories of transnational crime (i.e., why the illegal business exists), you should discuss them. Also, discuss how the type(s) of available data or lack of data is an issue that affects research into your topic.
The point of a literature review is to answer the question, “What question do people who are researching this topic need to answer next?” In order to answer that question, of course, one needs to see what questions we have already answered. A good literature review tells us that; and by doing so, it points the way forward. So the conclusion of your literature review should both summarize the major findings of previous research on your topic and suggest what remains to be done.