35. The findings from twin studies indicate that identical
twins are much more similar than fraternal twins on
which of the following?
d. All the personality traits in the five-factor model of
36. An individual's unique constellation of consistent
behavioral traits is known as
d. an archetype.
37. What was the term Freud used to describe a daughter’s
attraction to her father?
a. Association complex c. penis envy
b. Fixation complex d. Electra complex
38. Schizophrenia is characterized by
a. emotional disturbances and high levels of anxiety.
b. the presence of two or more distinct personalities.
c. loss of memory or personal identity.
d. a disturbance of thought processes.
39. Which of the following statements is MOST accurate
concerning the onset of schizophrenia?
a. The symptoms tend to be most severe when the disorder has
a late onset
b. The peak age of onset is during middle or late adulthood
(age 45 and on)
c. The symptoms usually emerge during adolescence or early
d. The onset of schizophrenia is spread evenly across almost
all age groups
40. The prognosis is poorer for schizophrenics who return to
families characterized by
a. low expressed emotion.
b. low communication deviance.
c. high expressed emotion.
d. high interpersonal support.
41. The id is
a. a developmental period that leaves its mark on adult
b. the moral component of personality.
c. the decision-making component of personality.
d. the primitive, instinctive component of personality.
42. According to Rogers, parents who give their children
affection both when the children meet and also when
they fail to meet expectations provide their children with
a. conditional love or affection.
b. unconditional love or affection.
c. continual love or affection.
d. generalized love or affection.
43. Humanistic personality theories focus on
a. an individual's freedom and potential for growth.
b. genetic factors.
c. unconscious mental forces.
d. learning.44. Alan has always done poorly in his math
courses; he must take a statistics course next term to graduate. He is
not confident he will do well in it and is very nervous
about taking the course. In this example, Alan shows
evidence of having
a. high incongruence with respect to math.
b. low self-efficacy in math.
c. high self-efficacy in math.
d. a mathematical neurosis.
45. Behavior that causes anxiety or concern for the affected
individual may be considered to be
c. personally distressing.
46. Rick believes that his dog is really his sister who was
given up for adoption by his mother 30 years ago.
Rick's belief is
a. an illusion.
b. a hallucination.
c. a delusion.
d. a faulty perception.
47. According to Susan Nolen-Hoeksema, depressed people who
tend to ruminate about their depression
a. remain depressed longer.
b. recover from their depression quicker.
c. attribute their setbacks to their personal flaws instead
of situational factors.
d. attribute their setbacks to situational factors and not
to their personal flaws.
48. Recent research into the possibility of a neurochemical
basis for anxiety disorders has generated evidence
that suggests anxiety disorders may result from
a. disturbances in the neural circuits using norepinephrine.
b. disturbances in the neural circuits using GABA.
c. too much activity in the neural circuits using serotonin.
d. too little activity in the neural circuits using
49. Jeffrey Dahmer was judged to be legally sane, even
though he admitted to butchering, cannibalizing, and
then having sex with the dead bodies of over a dozen young
men. The judgment of legal sanity meant that
a. his actions failed to meet the criteria of cultural
b. he was able to appreciate the fact that his actions were
legally or morally wrong at the time
of the crime.
c. he had recovered from his psychological disorder by the
time the trial took place.
d. his actions failed to meet the criteria of personal
50. Daryl is taking a personality test in which he is shown
a series of simple scenes. He is supposed to tell a
story about what is happening in each scene and suggest what
the characters are feeling. The test that Daryl
is taking is the
a. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT).
b. Rorschach test.
c. 16 Personality Factor (16PF) Questionnaire.
d. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS).E4 A White