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Microeconomics Chapter 2 Test

Question # 00538674
Subject: Economics
Due on: 06/02/2017
Posted On: 06/02/2017 04:37 AM

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Directions:
Choose the best answer
1)
For most goods, if a consumer’s income increases,
his / her demand for the goods will
decrease.
increase.
remain unchanged.
none of the above.
2)
Besides the price of substitutes and complements,
other determinants of demand include
the price of inputs and natural resources.
technology and the number of sellers.
the price of the product, income, and
consumers' tastes.
A and C.
3)
A demand schedule shows the relationship between demand and supply.
the relationship between the price of a good and
the quantity demanded of the good.
the amount of a good purchased at different
points in time.
the change in demand when a consumer's
income changes.


4)
If you expect the price of ice cream to increase
next week, your demand curve for ice cream will
shift inward. You will buy next week.
shift inward. You decide not to buy ice cream
for a long time.
shift outward. You will buy more of the good at
the lower price today.
not shift at all.
5)
A supply schedule is a mathematical representation of the quantity of
a good that a supplier will put on the market.
a table showing the amount of a good
consumers are willing to buy at various prices.
a graph showing the relationship between the
price of a good and the quantity supplied.
a table showing the relationship between the
price of a good and the quantity supplied.
6)
Which of the following will cause an outward shift
of the market supply curve?
A rise in the price of inputs
A change in the price of the good
Improvements in technology
A decrease in technology
7)
The discovery of mad cow disease in the country’s
cattle herds would likely
decrease the demand for beef and increase the
demand for chicken.
decrease quantity demanded for both beef and
chicken.
decrease the quantity demanded for beef and
increase the demand for chicken.
decrease demand for beef and increase quantity
demanded for chicken.


8)
If an excise tax is imposed on a producer, the producer raises the price, and the demand
curve shifts inward.
the supply curve shifts higher, and a smaller
quantity is demanded at the higher price.
the seller will try to get the consumer to pay the
entire tax.
the supply curve shifts outward reflecting the
producer’s ability to impose the tax on buyers.
9)
The economic value destroyed by a price control is
called
positive economic value.
deadweight loss.
economic value.
tax revenue.
10)
Sally has a pizza restaurant and sells 30 pizzas for
$5 each. Jim has a pizza restaurant around the
corner from Sally, and he sells 30 pizzas for $5
each. If Sally and Jim both lower their price to $3,
Sally’s customers will buy 60 pizzas, and Jim’s
customers will buy 40 pizzas. The demand for
Sally’s pizzas is more __________ than the demand
for Jim’s pizzas.
inelastic
elastic
unresponsive
downward-sloping
11)
The midpoint price between $60 and $10 is $35.
$25.
$50.
$70.


12)
If the elasticity between two points on a demand
curve is 3 and price increases,
total revenue decreases.
total revenue is unchanged.
total revenue increases.
total revenue could either increase or decrease,
but it is indeterminate.
13)
If a producer lowers a product’s price and the
quantity demanded is proportionally greater than
the price change, the total revenue would
increase.
decrease.
remain the same.
none of the above.
14)
The institution of a minimum wage creates a surplus of jobs.
a surplus of labor.
a shortage of labor.
a decrease in deadweight loss.
15)
Compared to the price elasticity of demand for
gasoline, the demand for Texaco gasoline will
be more inelastic than the demand for gasoline
in general.
be more elastic than the demand for gasoline in
general.
have the same elasticity as the demand for
gasoline in general.
have unit elasticity.

16)
A rightward shift in the supply of American-made
cars could be the result of
an increase in the price of steel.
a reduction in competition from Japanese
automakers.
the introduction of cost-saving robotics.
the increased popularity of European-made
cars.
17)
All of the following will shift the supply curve of
bread to the right except
an increase in the price of bread.
an improvement in technology that reduces
baking costs.
a decrease in the price of flour.
an expectation that the price of bread will fall in
the future.
18)
On a supply-and-demand diagram, quantity
demanded equals quantity supplied
only at the single competitive equilibrium price.
at every price equal to or above the competitive
equilibrium price.
at every price equal to or below the competitive
equilibrium price.
at every price.
19)
At a price below the competitive equilibrium price,
there is
a surplus (excess supply).
a shortage (excess demand).
excess quantity supplied.
sub-equilibrium.

20)
Refer to the graph. At a price of $2 the shortage
equals
350 loaves.
200 loaves.
150 loaves.
There is no shortage at $2.
21)
All of the following are determinants of a
consumer’s demand for a good except
the price of the good.
the price of substitutes.
the technology used to produce the good.
the consumer's income.
22)
The law of demand claims that price and quantity
demanded are
independent of each other.
inversely related, ceteris paribus.
directly related, ceteris paribus.
significantly related, ceteris paribus.
23)
Economists use the ceteris paribus assumption to
study only one variable at a time. Ceteris paribus
means
all other variables are held constant.
all other variables are allowed to vary.
two variables are held constant.
three variables are allowed to change.

24)
The price elasticity of demand is the ratio of the absolute change in quantity demanded to the
absolute change in price.
absolute change in price to the absolute change
in quantity demanded.
percentage change in quantity demanded to the
percentage change in price.
percentage change in price to the percentage
change in quantity demanded.
25)
If the demand for a good is inelastic and the price
of the good decreases,
total revenue decreases.
total revenue increases.
total revenue is not affected.
the effect on total revenue cannot be
determined.
26)
If a firm’s quantity demanded increases, total
revenue for that firm
always increases.
always decreases.
increases only if demand is inelastic.
increases only if demand is elastic.
27)
An excise tax is a tax on imported goods. true
false

28)
Examine the graph. The equilibrium price and
quantity for apartments in this housing market are
$1000 and 700 apartments rented.
$600 and 900 apartments rented.
$600 and 500 apartments rented.
$800 and 700 apartments rented.
29)
Suppose a drought in farm states causes very low
agricultural yields one year. Farmers will experience
an increase in their revenue. If this occurs, the
demand curve between the current price and the
higher price is
inelastic.
elastic.
unit elastic.
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question.
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Microeconomics Chapter 2 Test

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