please use the references that I didn't use yet and feel free to add more if require.0pt 56.0pt 84.0pt 112.0pt 140.0pt 168.0pt 196.0pt 224.0pt 252.0pt 280.0pt 308.0pt 336.0pt;
mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none">Luxury Abaya Penetrates the Wall
of Time in a Globalized world
- You may not went to Japan or
meet someone from japan, but you must been eating Japanese. Food is one way to
learn about different culture; moreover, fashion is another way of learning
about different culture
- Over the years we have seen
different ethnic inspiration in fashion. Chinese, Japanese, Indian,
African..etc. designs became global trend that can be seen in fashion shows,
shops, even streets. But what about the Arabian Gulf fashion, when will we see
the Abaya as fashion worn all over the world.
- We do see some meddle eastern
inspiration used by western and European designers in evening dresses and in
- In this research I’m discussing
the Abaya as an Arabian Gulf luxury fashion. The costumes, outfits and fashion
of Arabian Gulf have changed through the years because of the development of
the civilization. What used to be worn in the past has been altered into a
different style that is beginning to adapt to western in general. One of the
fashion items that have not changed is the Abaya,women still wear the
-The Abaya in the Arabic Gulf
countries has it’s own fashion line. So many designers, like Mashail Albuqami,
and brands, like My Fair Lady, are well known for their Abaya designs. The
Abaya designing are not only limited on the Arab. There is a French Abaya
designer Judith Duriez, she has her own line in Dubai that called Arabesque.
She decided to be an Abaya designer after she got fascinatedand fall in love
with this kind of fashion. Also, big well known brand in fashion like Dolce
-The Arabian Gulf like any other
place adapted the western style, but still maintain its heritage.
In order to understand
the fashion of the Abaya we need to examine the history of the Abaya.
What do you know about the Abaya?
Abaya formed to be this black robe worn by Arab women to cover regular clothes
in many areas of the Middle East, especially in the Arab Gulf states. The Abaya
considered the uniforms for women in some Arab countries. It is a garment that
can be described as a long and mostly black, with long-sleeved. The Abaya
covers the entire body except the face, hand and feet. It can be wore with a
veil and Niqab, is a full cover of the face except the eyes area.
may differ on the history of Abaya, and where it came from. Some believe that
the Abaya has existed since 4000 in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia,
others believe that the origin of Abaya back to the time of the introduction of
those times, women were wearing robes that appear many areas of the body such
as the neck. And even they wore a headscarf to leave the front open (due to the
intense heat in the desert areas). After the introduction of Islam, ladies wear
headscarves committed to cover all of the head, and cover the censorship and
the rest of the body parts to protect them and to show respect and reverence.
Some believe that the idea of the head and the body cover associated with a
more social level as being linked to religion only. In pre-Islamic time in the
Arabian Peninsula region, they are wealthy ladies were only wearing headscarves
and cover, as a distinctive sign of wealth and lack of need for action. They
are not allowed to wear the cap for the poor, and the Bedouin were busy to work
in very hot weather did not bear to wear more layers of clothing. (Alharbi,
-The evolution of Abaya through
asked my Mother about the evolution of the Abaya from her grand mother’s time
till today. She lived in Al-Hejaz rejoin that is located at the west side of
the Arabian Peninsula along withe the Red Sea. Al-Hejaz differs from the rest
of the Arabian Peninsula. It is unique in its multi-cultural ethnic foundation
primarily due to global immigration to Makah and Medina, the two scared cities
for Muslims where Holy Mosques are located. It has received a special attention
by the Islamic world. Which led to the increasing movement of commerce and the
diversity of cultures. Costume of Al-Hejaz has a lot of influence by tribal and
immigrant fashion. One of the important cities in Al-Hejaz region is Jeddah,
where my mom lived, it is the commercial capital of Saudi Arabia and it has a
commercial port. Since costumes influenced by the cultural blend and produced a
unique costume line that preserved the tribal foundation and emphasized the
immigrant background, studying the history of the costumes in this region
identified the differences between Al-Hejaz Abaya.
to my Mother in the 60s her grandmother’s days the Abaya looked like a long
fitted coat, on top of it there’s a wide short piece from top to the end of the
hips it called (quona’a) it was all black. In the 70s women stared to wear one
piece Abaya. Her Mother (my grand mother) wears a black wide Abaya and the
fabric start to change to silk and Jersih. When my mother was a teenager a
trend came up for the Abaya. Yang girls start to wear a shorter Abaya. However,
the clothes under were long enough to cover the body. In the 80s the coat came
back, but this time it was wider than what it was in the 60s, it called
(Balto). Some women prefer the Abaya and some prefer the Balto. The differences
between the Abaya and the Balto were that the Abaya is open in front unlike the
Balto that is closed with buttons or zippers.
days, the Abaya evolved significantly and become an important custom of the
Medal East. It owned a whole fashion
with variety of designs and colors.
-Abaya as fashion
ladies following the Islamic law adhere to wear the head and body cover, or
Abaya. The Abaya come in different shapes and designs, patterns and multiple
colors vary depending on the tastes of women in certain areas following the
tradition of social and religious. Black Abayas are among the most famous in
the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Gulf. As for the Muslim country's
Far East, they prefer to wear other colored and embroidered gowns in several
countries such as Jordan and some Western countries and now in some Middle East
countries as well. Although black is the favorite color to wear. Muslim woman
can wear any color they want as long as it does not draw attention. They can
wear embroidered colored, and decorated Abaya on special occasions and
important meetings, or even at any time.
asked Arabian females who wear the Hijab about their opinion in the fashion
Abaya. Sara Kadi EDD in Organizational leadership said that fashion is the
world of international you find your style. In any culture and in different
customs some time dress bring life and reflect your characters even if it come
from a culture do not belong to you. For her she pick cloths to show the world
who she is, what she like, and where she would like to travel. If anyone asked
her, if should the Abaya be an international trend? Her answer will be
absolutely yes. For many reasons. First, The Abaya is a modern fashionable
dress that reflects culture, history and traditions. Then and the most
important it is very flexible piece to designed and get creative with. We can
make it completely different pieces with adding some patched, laces and colors.
Women could wear it open on jeans, on swimsuits and short dress. Also it could
be wear as a formal dress on heals in big formals parties. It’s a fun and easy
piece to play with. It is very important to put the light on that many of the
present fashion clothes have rooter from the Abaya like the beaches kimono,
caftans, and so many people have been wearing the Abaya as a modern piece of
fashion without giving the credit to this amazing piece of cloth.
Aya Muways an undergraduate
Radiation therapist thinks that the Abaya can be worn as fashion style and it
is not necessary be worn as religious practices. Many people in the Middle East
wear Abaya not only for religious practice but also as cultural custom. She
thinks that Abaya has many features that make us think it would be a great
fashion style. First, it is so comfortable; the wide cut of it let anyone wear
it in many ways, whether closed or open, plane or designed. Second, it is so
flexible in terms of fashion you can choose from variety of colors and variety
of small details that can change the whole look. For example, sometimes it can
be worn as long plane colored with kimonos’ cut over a top and short jeans for
hurry morning’s days with comfy simple look, and fashionable look at the same
time. Also, for people who don’t like to wear tight and short dresses in night
occasion events, Abaya is the best choice for them. It can be made with
luxurious material and simple decorated accessories, which give it a unique
look and fashionable at the same time.
every Muslims feel the same about the fashion Abaya Hadeel has a Masters’ in
Health care management think different about the Abaya. She thinks that Abaya
originally came from religious background. Most Muslims nowadays wear it. She
said Muslims women wear Abaya to cover themselves from unrelated men. It is a
Muslims’ belief that women should keep their beauty and ornament from strangers
(not one of their first degree relative) men. She thinks it is inappropriately
to let women wear the Abaya for any other reasons than religious. Women suppose
to wear it with modest reasoning and intention not other than that. She thinks
it is against religion and religion practices when designer use Abaya as a
day I heard two teenagers’ gills discussing whither it’s important to wear a
fashionable Abaya or a regular Abaya. One of them was insisted that wearing
fashionable Abaya is the most important. Because it a way of her to express her
style. Yes, it’s for covering, but it doesn’t mean she can’t be stylish and
creative wearing it. The other girl didn’t agree with her. She doesn’t care
about the Abaya she is wearing, she only care about what she wear under it. The
Abaya in her opinion is just to cover up when she go out, and what she wear
under is the most important to her.
me I agree with Sara and Aya’s opinion.
(use the D&G article for whom
not agree with non Muslim designers designing Abaya)
((“The Problem with Dolce &
Gabbana’s Abaya Collection." Sporazine. (9 Jan. 2016). Web.))
I agree for anyone to design Abaya.
However, For Dolce & Gabbana a big name in fashion world their design
should be more creative that adding just lace and print with the logo Dolce
-Ethnic Dress in Modern Fashion
a go, any designs that is not connected to the western fashion system labeled
as (ethnic dress) or (folk costume). Which mean that it didn’t reached the
global spectators, and the luxury Abaya is one of them it is also privileged.
The Arabian Gulf is a major producing countries for the Abaya they also hosted
a Abaya fashion trade shows. (Akou 404)
— Need to be analyzed ((Two years
later, Joanne Eicher and Barbara Sumherg elaborated on this idea in a chapter
for the anthology Dress and Ethnicity(1995). Defining "ethnic
dress" as items of dress such as clothing, jewelry, and cosmetics that are
"worn by members of one group to distinguish themselves from another thy
focusing on differentiation" (p. .300), they created a new term,
"world fashion," to describe items like blue jeans, business suits,
T-shirts, and athletic shoes that are worn by "individuals to convey to
others that they are not members of an esoteric group" (p. 304). By this
definition, ethnic dress separates while world fashion erases differences. A
scholar from Finland, Ritva Koskennurmi-Sivonen, onct- explained to me that she
liked this term because although that country is geographically on the edge of
Europe, people do see themselves as pan of the West and wear "world
fashions" as Eicher and Sumberg described.' Australia is another good
example—far from Europe and North America, but culturally very Western.
Furthermore, since this kind of dress is not worn just in Europe and North
America but all over the world, Eicher and Sumberg argued that using the term
"world fashion" would be more neutral. In an article for Fashion
Theory,Lise Skov agreed, observing that "it is neither accurate nor
desirable to designate as 'Western' items that are intimate parts of the
everyday lives of millions of people outside the West" (2004:167).)) (Akou
-A new globalized fashion
Abaya in the Arabian Gulf is a source of pride. Despite the invasion of fashion
culture of all worlds in which they forgot their heritage and traditions living
their pride with their culture customs. The Abaya invaded the world and became
important globally. Especially in the Arabian Gulf it has become the best
alternative, the most beautiful, and the most conservative. Evidence indicates
that the Abaya is also the religious commitment in some countries.
Abaya has been always described as an Islamic custom. However, with the new
globalization it will be come one of the fashionable designs that everyone will
want to have. The Abaya witnessed a surprising development since the fifties of
the last century until the present day. Many Arabian women considered the
Abaya, as a national identity that represent women decency and pride that
should not be compromise with it. However, a closer look at the changes that
have occurred in the Abaya bound to monitor extraneous details that took place
due to friction with other cultures on one hand, and change the rhythm of life
on the other.
every woman has not dreamed to have suitable clothing that will be suitable for
all kind of weather. It's necessary to have multiple appropriate clothing for
different kind of weather in our closet. Now days, thanks to the advanced
technology of the Japanese textile factories that have been producing smart
fabrics that helps our bodies to breathe comfortably. The technology owns special
techniques that are developed to be friendly to our bodies and adapting to the
climate. Also, it compatible with the standards that protect the environment at
the same time. (Bukari 2011)
Al Ammari" the Executive Director and the Founder of the Amari fabrics, it
is the main center of smart fabrics in Jeddah Saudi Arabia. Al Ammari was interviewed with a well known
magazin in the Arabian Gulf called Ana Zahra "I am a flower." In this
artical he was discussing the idea of smart fabrics after he studied the nature
of the clothing worn by Gulf women and the affect by desert climate that is
usually suny and warm. from here his mind start to search for technological
textile that fit the nature life of the Arabian Gulf. Furthermore, the idea was
proposed first to a textile factory in Japan and they produced the smart fabric
successfully. After the resounding success they began to produce more in Indian
and Indonesian factories because of the high demand. (Bukari 2011)
the past years the smart fabrics sales went high, which registered a
significant increase in the Saudi Arabian market by 60 percent. The
availability of smart fabric in Saudi Arabia is estimated by only 20 percent of
the total availability of fabrics in the market. Customers are still unaware of
the environmental benefits of the smart fabrics and how fast it adapts to the
atmosphere. The need to smart fabrics go to many highlights factors like the
atmosphere in Saudi Arabia and the Arabian Gulf in general of humidity and high
temperatures. The tissues in these smart fabrics can respond efficiently to any
important changes accuracy both in temperature or light intensity or other
changes that can occur in the surrounding. When the fabric is worn by a person the fibers on the fabric contribute and
conversion to a suitable fabric of the situation existing automatically and
lies its own technical changes. (Bukari 2011)
way that this fabric made is they are woven from natural plant fiber that can
be self-controlled without any external stimulation. In that sense, the fibers
can breathes and has a quick ability to sense the climate, so in cold weather
it response and give warmth to the and in warmth it will cool the body. On the
basis of this concept smart fabrics will be able to provide us with the
necessary comfort and care during the usual performance of activities of our
daily life. (Bukari 2011)
Now a day technology
become part of every and any thing and using the technology will defiantly make
the Abaya more modern and compete in local and international fashion market.
an Arabian Muslim female who is prude of who I’m and where I’m from. I want to
spread my beautiful culture and make anyone aware of it and appreciate it. The
whole world adapts the western style. It time to change, every culture around
the world has their own beauty that needs to be shared and appreciate. Without culture there is no identity, no life, and no future to
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