Lesson 12 Case Study: Vegan Diets for Children
Frank and Jan W.
are the proud parents of Jesse, an 18-month-old child who has been breastfed from
Jesse was 7 pounds 1 ounce at birth and at her last checkup she weighed 20 pounds.
breastfeeds her in the morning and before putting her to bed at night.
During the day, Jesse drinks juice
and water from a cup.
Jesse’s parents have been feeding her a vegan diet since her birth, citing a strong
family history of heart disease as their reason for this choice.
Jesse’s current diet includes a variety of
chopped fruit, vegetables, cereal, mashed beans, and soy-based cheeses.
Both parents want the best for
their child and are carefully considering whether to continue her current diet restrictions.
Using the “How to” feature on page 511, plot Jesse’s birth weight and her current weight for age.
What might this information indicate to Jesse’s parents?
Using the “How to” feature on page 511, Jesse’s weight should be 22.
current weight is 20 pounds means she is underweight.
Jesse has less protein intake than she
should be due to her vegan diet.
As per American Dietetic Association and American Academy of
Pediatrics, a strict vegan diet can put negative impact to the infant and grown up child, unless it
is well-planned with proteins and vitamins.
What impact might a vegan diet have on Jesse’s nutritional status and development that her
parents should consider?
The portion of the protein in vegetable-based food is lower than in animal-based protein.
it indicates that she is having some negative effects of a vegan diet.
Jesse is not getting wellbalanced vitamins and minerals intake.
Calcium intake from a vegan diet is below than
Iron intake from a vegan diet is above than a recommendation.
Vegan diet is not a
high-quality source of vitamin B12.
It also could not enough source of vitamin D.
What components of a Jesse’s diet may contribute to her low rate of weight gain? Explain.
As Jesse is discouraged from breast milk, her diet should add Calcium, vitamin D and B12-based
In view of her current diet, what nutrition strategies might Jesse’s parents consider to improve
her weight gain? Give specific examples.
However, as health care professionals, we should advise our parents that they should not strictly
with vegan or vegetarian diets that are not appropriately chosen and lack of adequate nutrients.
As Jesse is weaned from breast milk, what vegan foods might be added to her diet to prevent
Using the meal plan in Figure 16-6 as a guide, show how Jesse’s parents might provide a childfriendly and balanced diet that contains no animal foods.
Using the meal plan in Figure 16-6 as a guide, Jesse’s parents might provide a child-friendly and balanced
diet that contains no animal foods.
Sample Meal Plan for Jesse:
½ cup reduced-fat milk
½ cup yogurt
¼ cup fruit
sandwich- 1slice whole-wheat bread
with ½ slice Cheese
½ cup vegetables (steamed carrots)
¼ cup 100% fruit Juice (diluted)
½ cup fruit
½ cup toasted oat cereal
1 oz chopped meat