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GED 102/ GED 102 The Human Body CCU UNIT 3 EXAM

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Subject: Biology
Due on: 12/31/2017
Posted On: 04/23/2016 12:52 PM

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1. Water-soluble hormones, such as proteins and peptide hormones, activate target cells using _______.

a. direct gene activation

b. the second-messenger system

c. steroid hormone action

d. diffusion

2. The most common stimulus for prodding endocrine glands into action is ________.

a. hormonal

b. humoral

c. neural

d. direct gene activation

3. The endocrine gland most closely associated with the hypothalamus is the ________.

a. thymus

b. pineal gland

c. thyroid gland

d. pituitary gland

4. The target organ of thyrotropic hormone (TH), or thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), is the ________ gland.

a. adrenal

b. pineal

c. pituitary

d. thyroid

5. Alcohol suppresses the production of this hormone, ________, which normally promotes water

retention and prevents dehydration.

a. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

b. aldosterone

c. thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

d. cortisolUnit 3 Examination 128 GED 102 The Human Body

6. The hypothalamus makes two hormones, ________ and ________, that are stored by the posterior pituitary.

a. oxytocin; antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

b. cortisol; aldosterone

c. growth hormone; prolactin

d. antidiuretic hormone (ADH); prolactin

7. Normal blood pH falls in a range between ________ to ________.

a. 7.1; 7.2

b. 7.35; 7.45

c. 7.6; 7.75

d. 7.85; 8.05

8. An important plasma protein that contributes to the osmotic pressure of blood is ________.

a. thyroglobulin

b. fibrin

c. albumin

d. glucose

9. The percentage of erythrocytes in blood is known as the ________.

a. hematocrit

b. buffy coat

c. hemoglobin

d. plasma

10. Each hemoglobin molecule is able to transport ________ molecule(s) of oxygen.

a. one

b. two

c. three

d. four

11. A decrease in the oxygen-carrying ability of the blood, for any reason, is a condition known as ________.

a. polycythemia

b. leukemia

c. anemia

d. leukocytosis

12. Life at a high altitude can lead to a red blood cell disorder known as ________.

a. anemia

b. polycythemia

c. leukocytosis

d. leukemia

13. The layer of the heart wall that receives the stimulus from letter E is called the ________.

a. pericardium

b. epicardium

c. endocardium

d. myocardium

14. The partition where the bundle branches are located is called the ________.

a. left atrioventricular groove

b. interatrial septum

c. interventricular septum

d. right atrioventricular groove

15. The pointed, inferior portion of the heart, known as the ________, rests on the diaphragm and is oriented toward the left hip.

a. base

b. mediastinum

c. apex

d. pericardium

16. The visceral layer of the serous pericardium is actually the same layer as the ________.

a. epicardium

b. myocardium

c. fibrous pericardium

d. endocardium

17. The two superior receiving chambers of the heart are known as the ________, while the two inferior discharging chambers of the heart are known as the ________.

a. ventricles; atria

b. atria; ventricles

c. arteries; veins

d. veins; arteries

18. The valves located between the atria and ventricles are known as the ________ valves.

a. pulmonary

b. atrioventricular (AV)

c. aortic

d. semilunar

19. Blood leaves the left ventricle through an artery known as the ________.

a. pulmonary trunk

b. aorta

c. superior vena cava

d. coronary sinus

20. Lymph fluid and some plasma proteins originate (escape) from the ________.

a. intracellular fluid

b. blood vascular system

c. endocrine system

d. respiratory system

21. Excess accumulation of fluid, which impairs the exchange of materials within the tissues, is called ________.

a. stroke

b. shock

c. edema

d. MALT (mucosa-associated lymphatic tissue)

22. The ________ duct drains lymph from the right arm and the right side of the head and thorax.

a. brachiocephalic

b. subclavian

c. thoracic

d. right lymphatic

23. Bacteria and tumor cells are removed from lymph by ________.

a. lymph nodes

b. tonsils

c. the spleen

d. thymus

24. The role of the ________ is to trap and remove bacteria or other foreign pathogens entering the throat.

a. thymus

b. spleen

c. tonsils

d. lymph node

25. Peyer’s patches and the tonsils are part of the collection of small lymphoid tissues that protect the upper respiratory and digestive tracts from infection and are referred to as ________.

a. lymph nodes

b. MALT or mucosa-associated lymphatic tissue

c. germinal centers

d. lymphatics

Tags exam unit body human hormone known blood heart hormones layer mucosaaociated hypothalamus lymphatic chambers right lymph alymph endocrine left inferior fluid plasma atrioventricular located stimulus proteins called valvesapulmonarybatrioventricular ventricles valves atria sinus20lymph avcaorticdsemilunar19blood cavadcoronary

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GED 102/ GED 102 The Human Body CCU UNIT 3 EXAM

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Tutorial Preview …ventricles xxx known xx the ________ xxxxxx a pulmonary x atrioventricular xxxx x aortic x semilunar 19 xxxxx leaves the xxxx ventricle xxxxxxx xx artery xxxxx as the xxxxxxxx a pulmonary xxxxx b xxxxx x superior xxxx cava d xxxxxxxx sinus 20 xxxxx fluid xxx xxxx plasma xxxxxxxx originate (escape) xxxx the ________ x intracellular xxxxx x blood xxxxxxxx system c xxxxxxxxx system d xxxxxxxxxxx system xx xxxxxx accumulation xx fluid, which xxxxxxx the exchange xx materials xxxxxx xxx tissues, xx called ________ x stroke b xxxxx c xxxxx x MALT xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx lymphatic tissue) xx The ________ xxxx drains xxxxx xxxx the xxxxx arm and xxx right side xx the xxxx xxx thorax x brachiocephalic b xxxxxxxxxx c thoracic x right xxxxxxxxx xx Bacteria xxx tumor cells xxx removed from xxxxx by xxxxxxxx x lymph xxxxx…
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Preview: the xxxxxxxxx pituitary x oxytocin; antidiuretic xxxxxxx (ADH)b cortisol; xxxxxxxxxxxx growth xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx antidiuretic xxxxxxx (ADH); prolactin7 xxxxxx blood pH xxxxx in x xxxxx between xxxxxxxx to ________ x 7 1; x 2b x xxx 7 xxx 7 6; x 75d 7 xxx 8 xxx xx important xxxxxx protein that xxxxxxxxxxx to the xxxxxxx pressure xx xxxxx is xxxxxxxx a thyroglobulinb xxxxxxx albumind glucose9 xxx percentage xx xxxxxxxxxxxx in xxxxx is known xx the ________ x hematocritb xxxxx xxxxx hemoglobind xxxxxx 10 Each xxxxxxxxxx molecule is xxxx to xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx molecule(s) xx oxygen a xxxx twoc threed xxxxxx A xxxxxxxx xx the xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx ability of xxx blood, for xxx reason, xx x condition xxxxx as ________ x polycythemiab leukemiac xxxxxxx leukocytosis12 xxxx xx a xxxx altitude can xxxx to a xxx blood xxxx xxxxxxxx known xx ________ a .....
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Tutorial Preview …of xxx cell xxxx activity takes xxxxx through diffusion x "A" xxx xxxx common xxxxxxxx in w/c xxxxxxxxx glands are xxxxxxx into xxxxxx xx other xxxxxxxx 3 "D"  xxx hypothalamus is xxxx closely xxxxxxxxxx xxxx the: xxxxxxxxx gland 4 xxxxxxxxx target organ xxx TSH xx xxxxxxx which xxxxx to principle xxxxxx as growth xx thyroid xxx xxxxxxxxx of xx 5 "A" xxxx di- uretic xxxxxxx helps xxxxxx xx absorb xxxxx and thus xxxxxxxxxx dehydration 6 xxx There xxx xxx sets xx nerve cells xx the hypothalamus xxxx produce xxxxxxxx xxx set xxxxx…
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