Which of the following are included in Ernest Becker's
"four strands of emphasis" in terror management theory?
1. The world is a terrifying place.
2. There is always an underlying good versus evil struggle,
and good ultimately prevails.
3. Because the terror of death is so overwhelming, we
conspire to keep it unconscious.
4. The basic motivation for human behavior is the need to
control our basic anxiety, to deny the terror of death.
Answer 1 and 2
2 and 4
1, 2 and 3
1, 3 and 4
All of the following are musical expressions associated with
Epidemiologic transition is BEST defined as the
Answer shift in
disease patterns characterized by a redistribution of deaths from the young to
Americans' highly mobile life styles to making death less immediate and
change in cultural
attitudes toward death as a significant determinant of how we live our lives.
trend toward more
rapid and sudden death from epidemics.
Suse Lowenstein's work Dark Elegy functions as a reminder
thatAnswer death is a dark figure.
life is fragile and
survivors have to live with the loss.
Christian symbols of death can be combined.
black is the color
lining a casket.
Which of the following is NOT an example of Holocaust
Answer Warsaw Diary
by Chaim Kaplan
Diary of a Young
Girl by Anne Frank
Walking Skeleton by
Night by Elie
In traditional Hawaiian culture, mele kanikau may have been
carefully composed or spontaneous and usedAnswer at the signing of the will.
ashes in the Pacific.
during the funeral
at the moment of
According to George Gerbner, the "mean world"
syndrome describes depictions of death in the mass media as embedded in a
structure of violence that conveys
Answer security and
trust in the world.
vitality and joy in life.
dismissal of death.
a heightened sense
In literature, the meaning of death is often explored as it
relates to the individual as well as
Answer the author.
the sixth sense.
Substitutions of vague words or phrases for ones considered
In looking toward the future, Hannelore Wass observes that
the study of death and dying will
die out as people will be less interested in such obscure
become a pop
culture phenomenon focused on the "hereafter."
be in the hands of the
and societies transcend self interest in favor of concerns for others.
"All that in human society which is socially rather
than biologically transmitted" isAnswer
In the study done by Helen Swain, what percentage of
children said that death is unlikely or avoidable?Answer 95 percent
In Erickson's model, approximately what age marks the
beginning of the child's moral sense?Answer
middle childhood or
All of the following tends to be an important influence on
the development of children's attitudes toward death EXCEPT:Answer family
Children who have had first-hand encounters with death tend
toAnswer still believe in reversible
avoid any mention
deny its existence.
developmentally more mature understanding of death.
The text cites the lullaby "Rockabye Baby" to
illustrate the point thatAnswer some
lullabies are improper bedtime stories.
a number of
lullabies contain messages about human and animal death.
each ending in life
is followed by renewal.
is a relatively new ritual.
According to the text, approximately what percentage of
Americans are affiliated with a religious tradition?Answer 60 percent
When writer and musician Ice T refers to the "killing
fields" in American society, he is calling attention to theAnswer tobacco industry's attempt to attract young
people to cigarettes.
impact of drunk
driving on motor vehicle deaths.
mounting death toll
from environmental pollution.
drug-related violence and gang warfare.
Characteristic of Piaget's concrete operational stage is the
In a study of nursery rhymes, approximately what percentage
dealt with death or mistreatment?Answer
What term is best used to describe African customs such as
prayer, sacrifice or libation, and other acts of respect shown to deceased
members of the community?
The structure containing the bones and skulls of the dead
and typically found within or near a church is called aAnswer charnel house.
Which was a turning point in the "medicalization"
of death and dying?
the speculum mortis
One aspect of an "invisible death" is that death
Answer less part of
our common experience.
more devoted to
elaborate mouring customs.
managed in ways
inappropriate for common culture.
efforts to control the timing of death.
Which of the following Native American practices serves the
purpose of separating the dead from the living?A
Ohlone avoidance of
Nez Percé respect
for ancestral dead
of the Gods" to seek a good afterlife
Sioux battle cry,
"It's a good day to die!"
In Celtic traditions, what is the term for the breach in
time when supernatural communication with gods as well as the dead could take
In Japanese homes, an altar for honoring deceased relatives
and ancestors is called aAnswer haka.
El D'a de los Muertos, the Mexican Day of the Dead, blends
Catholic, Spanish, and Indian rituals. This celebration exemplifies an attitude
toward death thatAnswer views death in
an open, humorous, ironic manner.
perceives death as
an incomprehensible phenomenon.
perceives death as
the final chapter of a person's existence.
views death as the
The first evidence of human funerary behavior dates
toAnswer at least 300,000 years ago.
one million B.C.
the ancient caves
Egypt's King Tut.
The dance of death
Answer is a recent
artistic expression of loss.
about the inevitability of death.
conveys the notion
that death comes to evil persons.
excludes any erotic
Historically, death has been ascertained by the absence
ofAnswer heartbeat and breathing
heartbeat and brain
Research indicates that capital punishment isAnswer an exception to the notion that killing
deterrent for criminal behavior.
the strong penalty
needed to make the criminal justice system work.
not an effective
deterrent to murder.
Which of the following items is NOT matched
correctly?Answer murder: the
deliberate intentional killing of another human being
manslaughter: the killing of another human being in performance of a public
manslaughter: the unintentional killing of another human being as a result of
homicide: the killing of another human being involving self-defense
In comparing the volcanic eruptions of Mount Pelee and Mount
St. Helens, the main difference mentioned in the text with respect to
fatalities concerned theAnswer low
population density of the area near Mount Pelee.
warnings in the case of Mount St. Helens.
mild nature of the
volcanic eruption of Mount Pelee.
actions taken by
disaster workers in the case of Mount St. Helens.
All of the following are methods of determining clinical
death EXCEPT:Answer cessation of
the body's cells
lost brain stem
The modes of death recognized by law include all of the
following categories EXCEPT:Answer
The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act was revised in what year to
simplify organ donation?Answer 1968
What is an irreversible process of deterioration in the
body's systems and organs?Answer
Which of the following are components of a "death
system," as described by Robert Kastenbaum?
1, 3 and 4
1, 2 and 4
1, 2 and 3
2, 3 and 4
How does the separation of civil and criminal law affect the
modern system of justice?Answer Modern
law views the accused as having a problem with a particular person.
Modern law views
violence as an outgrowth of social and psychological problems rather than as
considers the accused and the victim as equals in the legal equation.
Modern law views
homicide as an act committed against the state rather than against an
Depersonalization of the dying patient can occur when
1. an illness is not well understood.
2. physicians and nurses believe "nothing more can be
3. physicians and nurses avoid contact due to their own
4. hospital staff shifts change frequentlyAnswer 1 and 2
1 and 4
3 and 4
2 and 3
In Candace West's study of how doctors and patients relate
to each other, all of the following were true EXCEPT:Answer There is a "communications chasm"
that hinders the healing process.
Patients want to
talk about "the cure."
There is a lack of
introductions, greetings, laughter, and the use of the patient's name.
Physicians tend to
advance questions that restrict patients' options for answers.
Which country spends more on health than any other
industrialized nation?Answer United
The emphasis on cure among professional caregivers can
result in death being
objectively and openly.
seen as less
seen as a natural
event and "I've done all I can."
viewed as a
When a nurse says to a patient "Oh, you're doing so
well," his or her intention is probably toAnswer compare him or her to others.
and deny seriousness of the ailment.
help the patient
realize that everybody is cheering him or her on.
to the patient.
All of the following are challenges to hospice and
palliative care EXCEPT:Answer
availability of a primary caregiver.
to encompass underserved patient populations.
routinization of care and regulation.
Surveys indicate that most people diagnosed with a
Answer would rather
suspect it without being told directly.
would rather not
want to be told.
do not want their
families to be told.
Hospice services typically include
follow-up services for the family after death
particular way of dying
a review of the
family's financial status
alternative and disease-directed therapies
The elements of the health care system are patients,
institutions, andAnswer culture.
All of the following are features of St. Christopher's
hospice EXCEPT:Answer Wards are filled
with flowers and photographs.
encouraged to visit.
Pets are forbidden.
allowed to stay with the dead body.