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socialogy Test questions

Question # 00001560
Subject: Sociology
Due on: 09/29/2013
Posted On: 09/25/2013 02:13 PM

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Question 1

Which of the following are included in Ernest Becker's "four strands of emphasis" in terror management theory?

1. The world is a terrifying place.

2. There is always an underlying good versus evil struggle, and good ultimately prevails.

3. Because the terror of death is so overwhelming, we conspire to keep it unconscious.

4. The basic motivation for human behavior is the need to control our basic anxiety, to deny the terror of death.

Answer 1 and 2

2 and 4

1, 2 and 3

1, 3 and 4

.2 points

Question 2

All of the following are musical expressions associated with death EXCEPT:

Answer lament

keening

dirge

hautsang

.2 points

Question 3

Epidemiologic transition is BEST defined as the

Answer shift in disease patterns characterized by a redistribution of deaths from the young to the old.

contribution of Americans' highly mobile life styles to making death less immediate and intimate.

change in cultural attitudes toward death as a significant determinant of how we live our lives.

trend toward more rapid and sudden death from epidemics.

.2 points

Question 4

Suse Lowenstein's work Dark Elegy functions as a reminder thatAnswer death is a dark figure.

life is fragile and survivors have to live with the loss.

classical and Christian symbols of death can be combined.

black is the color lining a casket.

.2 points

Question 5

Which of the following is NOT an example of Holocaust literature?

Answer Warsaw Diary by Chaim Kaplan

Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank

Walking Skeleton by Richard Shaw

Night by Elie Wiesel

.2 points

Question 6

In traditional Hawaiian culture, mele kanikau may have been carefully composed or spontaneous and usedAnswer at the signing of the will.

while sprinkling ashes in the Pacific.

during the funeral procession.

at the moment of death.

.2 points

Question 7

According to George Gerbner, the "mean world" syndrome describes depictions of death in the mass media as embedded in a structure of violence that conveys

Answer security and trust in the world.

an enhanced vitality and joy in life.

numbness and dismissal of death.

a heightened sense of danger.

.2 points

Question 8

In literature, the meaning of death is often explored as it relates to the individual as well as

Answer the author.

technology.

society.

the sixth sense.

.2 points

Question 9

Substitutions of vague words or phrases for ones considered harsh are

Answer euphemisms.

death porn.

the indicative voice.

linguistic deliberations.

.2 points

Question 10

In looking toward the future, Hannelore Wass observes that the study of death and dying will

Answer

die out as people will be less interested in such obscure subjects.

become a pop culture phenomenon focused on the "hereafter."

be in the hands of the faith community.

help individuals and societies transcend self interest in favor of concerns for others.

.2 points

Question 11

"All that in human society which is socially rather than biologically transmitted" isAnswer culture.

guilt.

institutionalization.

resocialization.

.2 points

Question 12

In the study done by Helen Swain, what percentage of children said that death is unlikely or avoidable?Answer 95 percent

10 percent

50 percent

66 percent

.2 points

Question 13

In Erickson's model, approximately what age marks the beginning of the child's moral sense?Answer birth-2 years

preschool and kindergarten years

middle childhood or school age

adolescent

.2 points

Question 14

All of the following tends to be an important influence on the development of children's attitudes toward death EXCEPT:Answer family

social network

children's literature

rising funeral costs

.2 points

Question 15

Children who have had first-hand encounters with death tend toAnswer still believe in reversible death.

avoid any mention of it.

deny its existence.

have a developmentally more mature understanding of death.

.2 points

Question 16

The text cites the lullaby "Rockabye Baby" to illustrate the point thatAnswer some lullabies are improper bedtime stories.

a number of lullabies contain messages about human and animal death.

each ending in life is followed by renewal.

singing lullabies is a relatively new ritual.

.2 points

Question 17

According to the text, approximately what percentage of Americans are affiliated with a religious tradition?Answer 60 percent

33 percent

50 percent

90 percent

.2 points

Question 18

When writer and musician Ice T refers to the "killing fields" in American society, he is calling attention to theAnswer tobacco industry's attempt to attract young people to cigarettes.

impact of drunk driving on motor vehicle deaths.

mounting death toll from environmental pollution.

prevalence of drug-related violence and gang warfare.

.2 points

Question 19

Characteristic of Piaget's concrete operational stage is the use of

Answer motor abilities.

logical thinking.

emotional control.

regressive tendencies.

.2 points

Question 20

In a study of nursery rhymes, approximately what percentage dealt with death or mistreatment?Answer 10 percent

25 percent

50 percent

75 percent

.2 points

Question 21

What term is best used to describe African customs such as prayer, sacrifice or libation, and other acts of respect shown to deceased members of the community?

Answer

ancestor reverence

elder reverence

community continuance

spirit worship

.2 points

Question 22

The structure containing the bones and skulls of the dead and typically found within or near a church is called aAnswer charnel house.

bone house.

cemetery.

sanctuary.

.2 points

Question 23

Which was a turning point in the "medicalization" of death and dying?

Answer the Challenger disaster

WWI

WWII

the speculum mortis

.2 points

Question 24

One aspect of an "invisible death" is that death is

Answer less part of our common experience.

more devoted to elaborate mouring customs.

managed in ways inappropriate for common culture.

dominated by efforts to control the timing of death.

.2 points

Question 25

Which of the following Native American practices serves the purpose of separating the dead from the living?A

nswer

Ohlone avoidance of deceased's name

Nez Percé respect for ancestral dead

Cocopa "Dance of the Gods" to seek a good afterlife

Sioux battle cry, "It's a good day to die!"

.2 points

Question 26

In Celtic traditions, what is the term for the breach in time when supernatural communication with gods as well as the dead could take place?Answer Valhalla

Samhain

Novembris

Druidism

.2 points

Question 27

In Japanese homes, an altar for honoring deceased relatives and ancestors is called aAnswer haka.

sosen.

kaimyo.

butsudan.

.2 points

Question 28

El D'a de los Muertos, the Mexican Day of the Dead, blends Catholic, Spanish, and Indian rituals. This celebration exemplifies an attitude toward death thatAnswer views death in an open, humorous, ironic manner.

perceives death as an incomprehensible phenomenon.

perceives death as the final chapter of a person's existence.

views death as the ultimate test.

.2 points

Question 29

The first evidence of human funerary behavior dates toAnswer at least 300,000 years ago.

one million B.C.

the ancient caves of Utah.

Egypt's King Tut.

.2 points

Question 30

The dance of death

Answer is a recent artistic expression of loss.

reflects ideas about the inevitability of death.

conveys the notion that death comes to evil persons.

excludes any erotic connotation.

.2 points

Question 31

Historically, death has been ascertained by the absence ofAnswer heartbeat and breathing

consciousness.

brain waves.

heartbeat and brain waves.

.2 points

Question 32

Research indicates that capital punishment isAnswer an exception to the notion that killing solves problems.

an effective deterrent for criminal behavior.

the strong penalty needed to make the criminal justice system work.

not an effective deterrent to murder.

.2 points

Question 33

Which of the following items is NOT matched correctly?Answer murder: the deliberate intentional killing of another human being

voluntary manslaughter: the killing of another human being in performance of a public duty

involuntary manslaughter: the unintentional killing of another human being as a result of criminal carelessness

noncriminal homicide: the killing of another human being involving self-defense

.2 points

Question 34

In comparing the volcanic eruptions of Mount Pelee and Mount St. Helens, the main difference mentioned in the text with respect to fatalities concerned theAnswer low population density of the area near Mount Pelee.

adequate early warnings in the case of Mount St. Helens.

mild nature of the volcanic eruption of Mount Pelee.

actions taken by disaster workers in the case of Mount St. Helens.

.2 points

Question 35

All of the following are methods of determining clinical death EXCEPT:Answer cessation of heartbeat

cessation of breathing

decomposition of the body's cells

lost brain stem functions

.2 points

Question 36

The modes of death recognized by law include all of the following categories EXCEPT:Answer accident.

homicide.

mature death.

suicide.

.2 points

Question 37

The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act was revised in what year to simplify organ donation?Answer 1968

1984

1986

1987

.2 points

Question 38

What is an irreversible process of deterioration in the body's systems and organs?Answer cellular death

brain death

livor mortis

rigor mortis

.2 points

Question 39

Which of the following are components of a "death system," as described by Robert Kastenbaum?

1. places

2. times

3. objects

4. regulationsAnswer 1, 3 and 4

1, 2 and 4

1, 2 and 3

2, 3 and 4

.2 points

Question 40

How does the separation of civil and criminal law affect the modern system of justice?Answer Modern law views the accused as having a problem with a particular person.

Modern law views violence as an outgrowth of social and psychological problems rather than as individual acts.

Modern law considers the accused and the victim as equals in the legal equation.

Modern law views homicide as an act committed against the state rather than against an individual.

.2 points

Question 41

Depersonalization of the dying patient can occur when

1. an illness is not well understood.

2. physicians and nurses believe "nothing more can be done."

3. physicians and nurses avoid contact due to their own fears.

4. hospital staff shifts change frequentlyAnswer 1 and 2

1 and 4

3 and 4

2 and 3

.2 points

Question 42

In Candace West's study of how doctors and patients relate to each other, all of the following were true EXCEPT:Answer There is a "communications chasm" that hinders the healing process.

Patients want to talk about "the cure."

There is a lack of introductions, greetings, laughter, and the use of the patient's name.

Physicians tend to advance questions that restrict patients' options for answers.

.2 points

Question 43

Which country spends more on health than any other industrialized nation?Answer United States

Sweden

Belgium

Japan

.2 points

Question 44

The emphasis on cure among professional caregivers can result in death being

Answer discussed objectively and openly.

seen as less stressful.

seen as a natural event and "I've done all I can."

viewed as a failure.

.2 points

Question 45

When a nurse says to a patient "Oh, you're doing so well," his or her intention is probably toAnswer compare him or her to others.

avoid discussion and deny seriousness of the ailment.

help the patient realize that everybody is cheering him or her on.

provide reassurance to the patient.

.2 points

Question 46

All of the following are challenges to hospice and palliative care EXCEPT:Answer availability of a primary caregiver.

funding for services.

broadening access to encompass underserved patient populations.

lack of routinization of care and regulation.

.2 points

Question 47

Surveys indicate that most people diagnosed with a life-threatening illness

Answer would rather suspect it without being told directly.

would rather not know.

want to be told.

do not want their families to be told.

.2 points

Question 48

Hospice services typically include

Answer bereavement follow-up services for the family after death

prescribing a particular way of dying

a review of the family's financial status

options for alternative and disease-directed therapies

.2 points

Question 49

The elements of the health care system are patients, institutions, andAnswer culture.

government.

staff.

spirits.

.2 points

Question 50

All of the following are features of St. Christopher's hospice EXCEPT:Answer Wards are filled with flowers and photographs.

Children are encouraged to visit.

Pets are forbidden.

Relatives are allowed to stay with the dead body.

Tags questions test socialogy question points death following percent human exceptanswer dead mount study culture good killing patients brain approximately views text deny dying theanswer percent2 care pelee years life patient modern criminal physicians

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Preview: and x 1, x and 3 xx 3 and x 2 xxxxxx xxxxxxxx 2 xxx of the xxxxxxxxx are musical xxxxxxxxxxx associated xxxx xxxxx EXCEPT:Answer xxxxxx keening dirge xxxxxxxx 2 points xxxxxxxx 3 xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx is xxxx defined as xxxxxxxxx shift in xxxxxxx patterns xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx a xxxxxxxxxxxxxx of deaths xxxx the young xx the xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx of xxxxxxxxxx highly mobile xxxx styles to xxxxxx death xxxx xxxxxxxxx and xxxxxxxx change in xxxxxxxx attitudes toward xxxxx as x xxxxxxxxxxx determinant xx how we xxxx our lives xxxxx toward xxxx xxxxx and xxxxxx death from xxxxxxxxx 2 points xxxxxxxx 4 xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx work xxxx Elegy functions xx a reminder xxxxxxxxxx death xx x dark xxxxxx life is xxxxxxx and survivors xxxx to xxxx xxxx the xxxx classical and xxxxxxxxx symbols of xxxxx can xx xxxxxxxx black xx the color xxxxxx a casket x points xxxxxxxx x Which xx the following xx NOT an xxxxxxx of xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Warsaw xxxxx by Chaim xxxxxx Diary of x Young xxxx xx Anne xxxxx Walking Skeleton xx Richard Shaw xxxxx by xxxx xxxxxx 2 xxxxxx Question 6 xx traditional Hawaiian xxxxxxxx mele xxxxxxx xxx have xxxx carefully composed xx spontaneous and xxxxxxxxxx at xxx xxxxxxx of xxx will while xxxxxxxxxx ashes in xxx Pacific xxxxxx xxx funeral xxxxxxxxxx at the xxxxxx of death x points xxxxxxxx x According xx George Gerbner, xxx "mean world" xxxxxxxx describes xxxxxxxxxx xx death xx the mass xxxxx as embedded xx a xxxxxxxxx xx violence xxxx conveysAnswer security xxx trust in xxx world xx xxxxxxxx vitality xxx joy in xxxx numbness and xxxxxxxxx of xxxxx x heightened xxxxx of danger x points Question x In xxxxxxxxxxx xxx meaning xx death is xxxxx explored as xx relates xx xxx individual xx well asAnswer xxx author technology xxxxxxx the xxxxx xxxxx 2 xxxxxx Question 9 xxxxxxxxxxxxx of vague xxxxx or xxxxxxx xxx ones xxxxxxxxxx harsh areAnswer xxxxxxxxxx death porn xxx indicative xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx deliberations x points Question xx In looking xxxxxx the xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx Wass xxxxxxxx that the xxxxx of death xxx dying xxxxxxxxxx xxx out xx people will xx less interested xx such xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx become x pop culture xxxxxxxxxx focused on xxx "hereafter x xx in xxx hands of xxx faith community xxxx individuals xxx xxxxxxxxx transcend xxxx interest in xxxxx of concerns xxx others x xxxxxx Question xx "All that xx human society.....
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