Question : (TCO 1) The word religion literally means:
Student Answer: to bind.
Question : (TCO 1) Belief in one God is called:
Student Answer: monotheism.
Question : (TCO 2) Who was the German theologian who argued in The Idea of the Holy that religions emerge when people experience that aspect of reality which is essentially mysterious?
Student Answer: William James
Carl Gustav Jung
Question : (TCO 4) The French thinker who developed the approach of structuralism when he first recognized extraordinary structural similarities in stories told by tribal peoples of the Americas was:
Student Answer: Foucault.
Question : (TCO 4) Name the American psychologist who viewed religion as positive way of fulfilling needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of individuals.
Student Answer: James Frazer
Carl Gustav Jung
Question : (TCO 8) Vedic religion was:
Student Answer: patriarchal and polytheistic.
matriarchal and polytheistic.
Question : (TCO 8) The power of a god is often symbolized by:
Student Answer: lightening bolts.
rings of fire.
Question : (TCO 9) Hinduism, as formulated in the Upanishads,
Student Answer: encourages meditation to understand the essence of reality.
says we must honor our social obligations and roles.
rejected the authority of the Vedas in formulating new religious insights.
advocates devotion to any of the many gods.
Question : (TCO 10) Both Jainism and Sikhism:
Student Answer: practice vegetarianism.
view the human being as composite of spirit and matter.
Question : (TCO 8) The Buddha's name comes from a Sanscrit word meaning:
Student Answer: spirit warrior.
the enlightened one.
to wake up.
Question : (TCO 8) Buddha was silent on questions about:
Student Answer: suffering.
Question : (TCO 8) By his teachings, Confucius hoped to:
Student Answer: counter the influx of Buddhism into China.
produce virtuous people and create a harmonious society.
make a break with the past and focus China on the future.
draw people closer to Tian (Heaven).
Question : (TCO 8) Confucius taught that people are:
Student Answer: not born good but must be taught goodness.
naturally good and should be left alone.
individuals first and members of a society second.
selfish and need strict laws to control them.
Question : (TCO 9) Which is not a Daoist value?
Student Answer: Simplicity
Sensing movements of nature
Question : (TCO 9) Daoists view death as:
Student Answer: a great evil.
a predictable transformation of nature.
an offering to the ancestors.
necessary for one's next rebirth.
Question : (TCO 5) All of the following ancient world religions are minor religions except:
Student Answer: Shinto.
Question : (TCO 11) Taoism does not have this element of a major world religion.
Student Answer: An overall worldview of the universe
Myths about the origin of the universe
A shared religious community
Specific rules of human behavior
Question : (TCO 6) Someone inspired by God to speak for him was called a:
Student Answer: priest.
Question : (TCO 6) The sacred core of the Hebrew Bible is called the:
Student Answer: Torah.
Question : (TCO 6) The Jewish Day of Atonement is:
Student Answer: Hanukkah.
Question : (TCO 7) Jesus sometimes summed up his teachings in:
Student Answer: ten commandments.
Question : (TCO 7) Letters written in the New Testament to instruct, encourage, and solve problems are called:
Student Answer: Gospels.
Question : (TCO 6) Muhammad's job before he became a prophet was as a:
Student Answer: merchant.
Question : (TCO 6) The month of fasting, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, is known as:
Student Answer: Id al-Adha.
Question : (TCO 12) Established groups of Wiccans are called:
Student Answer: witches.
Question : (TCO 4) Compare and contrast Carl Gustav Jung's theory about the origin of religions with William James's theory.
How do each of these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Next, analyze how the insights of Jung or James might illuminate your religious tradition or the tradition with which you are the most familiar.
How would Jung or James understand that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.
, a specific belief or ritual).
Question : (TCO 9) Identify and analyze the Four Noble Truths, in particular, the Noble Eightfold Path.
What ideas from Hinduism did Buddhism essentially keep? Describe them.
Include enough details to support your answer.
Question : (TCO 3) Explain and evaluate Paley's Teleological Argument for the Existence of God: In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer that for anything I knew to the contrary it had lain there forever; nor would it, perhaps, be very easy to show the absurdity of this answer.
But suppose I had found a watch upon the ground, and it should be inquired how the watch happened to be in that place, I should hardly think of the answer which I had before given, that for anything I knew the watch might have always been there.
Yet why should not this answer serve for the watch as well as for the stone? Why is it not as admissible in the second case as in the first? For this reason, and for no other, namely, that when we come to inspect the watch, we perceive--what we could not discover in the stone--that its several parts are framed and put together for a purpose, e.
, that they are so formed and adjusted as to produce motion, and that motion so regulated as to point out the hour of the day; that if the different parts had been differently shaped from what they are, of a different size from what they are, or placed after any other manner or in any other order than that in which they are placed, either no motion at all would have been carried on in the machine, or none which would have answered the use that is now served by it.
To reckon up a few of the plainest of these parts and of their offices, all tending to one result; we see a cylindrical box containing a coiled elastic spring, which, by its endeavor to relax itself, turns round the box.
We next observe a flexible chain--artificially wrought for the sake of flexure--communicating the action of the spring from the box to the fusee.
We then find a series of wheels, the teeth of which catch in and apply to each other, conducting the motion from the fusee to the balance and from the balance to the pointer, and at the same time, by the size and shape of those wheels, so regulating that motion as to terminate in causing an index, by an equable and measured progression, to pass over a given space in a given time.
We take notice that the wheels are made of brass, in order to keep them from rust; the springs of steel, no other metal being so elastic; that over the face of the watch there is placed a glass, a material employed in no other part of the work, but in the room of which, if there had been any other than a transparent substance, the hour could not be seen without opening the case.
This mechanism being observed--it requires indeed an examination of the instrument, and perhaps some previous knowledge of the subject, to perceive and understand it; but being once, as we have said, observed and understood--the inference we think is inevitable, that the watch must have had a maker-that there must have existed, at some time and at some place or other, an artificer or artificers who formed it for the purpose which we find it actually to answer...
Paley then argues that if a watch presumes there is a watchmaker then the existence of the universe must point to a God, who made the universe just as the watchmaker made the watch.
Briefly explain and then evaluate this proof for the existence of God.
Question : (TCO 11) Identify and analyze three basic patterns in indigeneous religions.
Use examples from traditional Hawaiian religion to support your answer.