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The background section of your paper conveys to your reader

Question # 00138564
Subject: Geology
Due on: 12/22/2015
Posted On: 11/22/2015 09:48 AM

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Background Section:

The background section of your paper conveys to your reader what previous work has been done in this area of scientific endeavor so that they can see how your new work fits into this broader picture. Therefore, your background section will be based primarily on other work published in the peer-reviewed literature However, it should NOT read like a book report where the author or the publication is the subject of the discussion. Instead, you should focus the discussion on the science and the state of knowledge, using the parenthetical citations to give appropriate credit to the researchers.

Example of what NOT to do: “Dr. Shaiman mapped the area in her publication “Mass wasting hazards in Northern Oregon” published in 2006. She discovered that there are many potential landslides surrounding Mt. Hood based on the slope and water saturation levels. The paper recommended that future research focus on recent ash flows and river sediments as these areas as they are the most likely to result in mass wasting.

Good example: “Detailed mapping combined with analysis of slope and water saturation levels suggests that many areas around Mt. Hood contain potential landslide hazards (Shaiman, 2006). Areas containing recent ash flows and river sediments may be most likely to produce mass wasting events. Therefore, further study is needed to better understanding how recent sediments may drive mass wasting in the region (Shaiman, 2006).

The information you cover in your background section will vary widely based on the topic of your research paper, but possible topics include one or more of the following:

1. Geologic setting of your study area, including previous work that has been done in your study area. What is the tectonic context? What have other studies inferred about the local or regional geology?

2. Geologic context for your process/system/material. Where is it typically found? How is it typically formed? Why is it important to understand?

3. Description of your measurement or analysis technique and how it has been previously applied to similar systems.

If you cover more than one of these areas you may want to divide your background section into subheadings to help organize your document.

The purpose of the background section is to provide your reader with sufficient context to understand WHY you are conducting your study as well as WHAT has been done before. This will allow you to demonstrate HOW your work will move scientific understanding forward by filling a gap in our current understanding or testing a previously posed hypothesis. As you develop your background section, try to move from general descriptions to more specific observations or examples. This will help your reader understand the general context for your work, as well as see the direction you are headed in the following methods and results sections.

GeoWriting—Background Rubric

1 Document-scale organization (2 pts) Is the background section organized? Does it move from general to specific?

Definitely 2

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

2 Paragraph-scale organization (2 pts) Are your paragraphs well organized? Do the sentences flow in a logical order? Does each paragraph have a point?

Definitely 2

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

3 Mechanics (2 pts) Are the grammar, sentence structures, and spelling correct throughout your paper?

Definitely 2

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

4 Content: (8 pts)Does the background provide sufficient information to give your reader a good understanding of the problem and state of the field? Does it provide support for your claims? Does the background establish how your paper will move the field forward from where it currently is?

Definitely 8

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

5 Precise: (1 pts) Are the right words used correctly in your background? Is there a balance between general statements and specific details?

Definitely 1

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

6 Clear: (1 pts)Isthe writing simple and straight forward,avoiding needless complexity (words, phrases, sentences)?Does the text include unambiguousword choice, syntax, pronouns, and punctuation?

Definitely 1

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

7 Forthright: (1 pt)Doesthe background have a professional tone? Arepretentious words, arrogant phrases, and sillinesseliminated or absent from the text?Are sentences constructed withstrong nouns and verbs?

Definitely 1

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

8 Familiar: (1 pt)Does the text define unfamiliar terms and/or incorporate examples and analogies to give the audience an anchor in familiar ideas?

Definitely 1

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

9 Concise: (1 pts)Have redundancies and deadwood phrases been eliminated from the text? Are sentences reduced to their simplest forms without bureaucratic waste?

Definitely 1

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

10 Fluid: (1 pts) Do the sentence rhythms vary through sentence openers, lengths, and structure? Are the paragraphs separated appropriately? Are discontinuities connected effectively? Are there clear transitions between ideas presented in the text?

Definitely 1

Mostly

Marginally

Not Really 0

Score:_________/20______

Tags reader conveys paper section background background marginally definitely really section paper general does area work study text wasting phrases sentence provide sentences words recent reader context areas specific understand familiar good research cover

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Tutorial Preview …to xxxx reader xxxx previous work xxx been done xx this xxxx xx scientific xxxxxxxx so that xxxx can see xxx your xxx xxxx fits xxxx this broader xxxxxxx Therefore, your xxxxxxxxxx section xxxx xx based xxxxxxxxx on other xxxx published in xxx peer-reviewed xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx it xxxxxx NOT read xxxx a book xxxxxx where xxx xxxxxx or xxx publication is xxx subject of xxx discussion xxxxxxxx xxx should xxxxx the discussion xx the science xxx the xxxxx xx knowledge, xxxxx the parenthetical xxxxxxxxx to give xxxxxxxxxxx credit xx xxx researchers xxxxxxx of what xxx to do: xxxxx Shaiman xxxxxx xxx area xx her publication xxxxxxx wasting hazards xx Northern xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx in xxxx She discovered xxxx there are xxxx potential xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx Mt xxxx based on xxx slope and xxxxx saturation xxxxxx xxx paper xxxxxxxxxxx that future xxxxxxxx focus on xxxxxx ash xxxxx xxx river xxxxxxxxx as these xxxxx as they xxx the xxxx xxxxxx to xxxxxx…
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