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HIS 274 test 1

Question # 00001330
Subject: History
Due on: 09/25/2013
Posted On: 09/18/2013 08:10 AM

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Question 1(2 points)

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The medieval idea that Christians took the place of Jews as God's chosen people is known as the:

Question 1 options:

Aryan supremacy myth

Crusader ideal

Supersession Myth

Christian inheritance myth


Question 2(2 points)

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A preconceived negative & unfavorable opinion formed against 'another' person or group, based on a stereotype, & held in disregard of the facts; suspicion, intolerance, or irrational hatred of other races, creeds, religions, ethnic groups, homosexuals, the poor, immigrants, etc.

Question 2 options:





Question 3(2 points)

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Jews are not a race, as stated by the Nazis, but people who adhered to ______, a system of laws, religion and culture of the Jews; with its concept of ethical/moral conduct monotheism, had a major influence on Christianity, Islam, and Western civilization

Question 3 options:





Question 4(2 points)

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In Latin Christendom, resentment and hatred was focused on the stereotype of the Jew possessed by the Devil, having tails and horns, and symbol of Satan, because Christians saw Jews as murderers of Christ, using Christian children's blood for religious ceremonies, and poisoning wells; this imagery of the Jew as Satan/the Devil, derives at first from

Question 4 options:

Christian antisemitism in the Middle Ages

Modern political antisemitism in the 19th century

Himmler's diary


Question 5(2 points)

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Because Jews refused to change their ways and convert during the Middle Ages, non-Jews wondered what they should do about them. "What should we do about this Jewish minority among us?" became:

Question 5 options:

The "Jewish Question"

The "Minority Question"

The "Antisemitic Question"


Question 6(2 points)

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A town areas where Jews were segregated in the 16th century

Question 6 options:

The Jewish Quarter


The Jewish area


Question 7(2 points)

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In his booklet Of the Jews and Their Lies, __________ proposed to set on fire synagogues

Question 7 options:





Question 8(2 points)

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From the end of the 18th c. & 19th c., and following the French Revolution and conquests

Question 8 options:

Jews achieved emancipation - legal equality in most European lands

Jews left the ghetto & became successful entrepreneurs, bankers, lawyers

a & b


Question 9(2 points)

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Modern antisemitism has the following contributing factors

Question 9 options:

The 19th c. exclusive romantic movement emphasizing an exclusive nationalism

Racial nationalism, & the class antagonism deriving from modern capitalism

a & b


Question 10(2 points)

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In France, in 1886, Edouard Drumont published one of the best-sellers of the 2nd half of the 19th c., Jewish France, which argued that the Jews had gained control of France, blamed the Jews for capitalism, attributed all the nation's misfortunes to the Jews, & accused them of deicide.
In 1894, this Jewish officer in the French army was falsely accused of treason

Question 10 options:

Alfred Dreyfus

The Baron of Rothschild

Theodor Herzl


Question 11(2 points)

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In Poland, around the middle of the 18th c., in the context of the Haidamak riots -attacks of Ukrainian peasants against Jews, and dozens of blood libels, a new mystical movement with joyful worship, arose within Judaism, founded by Israel Ba'al Shem Tov (Besht)

Question 11 options:


the joyful movement

the mystical movement


Question 12(2 points)

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Austrian Jewish journalist, who, horrified by the antisemitism he witnessed in Paris during the 1894 trial of a French Jewish officer, founded Zionism - Jewish national movement, for a return to Zion, symbolic name to the historic homeland of the Jews

Question 12 options:





Question 13(2 points)

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In the 19th c., the German Romantic 'Volkish' movement excluded the Jews as strangers and second-class citizens, because

Question 13 options:

It evoked the image of a mythical golden past, with a supposed superiority

It produced an idealization of the Middle Ages with Christian knights

a & b


Question 14(2 points)

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The belief that race in the 19th c., accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others; discrimination or prejudice based on race.

Question 14 options:





Question 15(2 points)

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German composer (1813-83) who fueled racial difference theory; expressed a German nationalistic terminology called volkisch (people-integral nation), in racist terms

Question 15 options:

Richard Wagner




Question 16(2 points)

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Racialist volkish thinkers claimed that the German race was purer than, and therefore superior to, all other races, that

Question 16 options:

Intermarriage between races was contamination

Jews were international conspirators plotting to dominate the world

a & b


Question 17(2 points)

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In the 19th c., a traditional, biased Christian perception of Jews and Judaism was supplemented by national-racial considerations. In mid-19th c., this Frenchman, Arthur de Gobineau, published Essay on the Inequality of Human Races; this author saw in what he called the 'Aryan' race -blond, tall, blue-eyed, a cultural people ___________ to the others

Question 17 options:





Question 18(5 points)

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Modern German antisemitism was based on

Question 18 options:


nationalism, racism, & false racial theories


a and c


Question 19(2 points)

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Whereas Christian anti-Judaism believed that through conversion, Jews could escape the curse of their religion, racial antisemites said that Jews were indelibly stained & condemned

Question 19 options:

Because they are guilty of deicide

By their genes: their evil derived from inherited racial characteristics

a and b


Question 20(2 points)

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Antisemitism: 'modern,' 'scientific' term for Jew-hatred & anti-Jewish movement and ideology, in a secular society; (calling Jews a physically and mentally inferior group); this term was first coined & used by this German racial thinker____, in 1879

Question 20 options:

Richard Wagner

Wilhelm Marr

Alfred Dreyfus


Question 21(2 points)

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German land, in the end of the 19th century, saw the rise of political anti-Semitism (using Jews as scapegoat for political & economic problems in order to gain political power); the radical right in political parties

Question 21 options:

Saw Jew-hatred as a popular formula for mobilizing all social classes

Manufactured the myth of the wicked Jew

a & b


Question 22(2 points)

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In the 1920s, the Nazis exploited this book, ____________________, a notorious forgery and a myth about a Jewish conspiracy to take over the world, to justify persecution of the Jews.

Question 22 options:

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion

Jewish France

The Jewish Conspiracy


Question 23(2 points)

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This famous forgery about an international Jewish plot to rule the world, was introduced to the US by

Question 23 options:

Franklin Roosevelt

Henry Ford

Harry Truman


Question 24(4 points)

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On June 28, 1919, the ____ signed with Germany, ended WWI - the Great War, & had profound & far-reaching impact on the infant German republic that had to pay heavy reparations.

Question 24 options:

Treaty of Berlin

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty of verdun


Question 25(2 points)

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The Germans hated the 1919 Treaty ending World War I, because of article 231:

Question 25 options:

The 'Proud Clause' proclaiming the victory of the Allies

The 'War Guilt Clause' blaming them for causing the war

The "War Reparations Clause"


Question 26(2 points)

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According to this treaty, Germany also lost her colonies and large portions of German territory: Alsace-Lorraine to France, and section of Prussia to the new

Question 26 options:

Polish state

French state

Italian state


Question 27(2 points)

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After the Great War (World War I), Friedrich Ebert, the leader of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) proclaimed the establishment of a German democratic state known as ___________________; it was the first time democracy came to Germany; this government which preceded that of the Nazi party, lasted 14 years, 1919-1933.

Question 27 options:

The Weimar Republic, new government of the moderate Left.

The Kaiser Republic, new government of the extreme right

The Kaiser Republic, new government of the extreme left


Question 28(2 points)

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In 1919, Germany was a centralized democratic state ruled by a Reichstag (Parliament); the president appointed the leader of the majority party in the Reichstag as

Question 28 options:





Question 29(2 points)

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General Ludendorff explained that the German army was defeated in 1918 by Democrats, Catholic Center party, Socialists and Jews, by an internal enemy; this ______ legend was used by Hitler and the Nazis to undermine the new German democratic government.

Question 29 options:

stab in the back

stab in the ankle

Jewish stab


Question 30(2 points)

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Major Ernst Rohm, typical Freikorps, became leader of the Nazi brown Storm Troops (Sturmabteilung - paramilitary armed formation of the right, composed of vigilantes war veterans, founded by Hitler to protect party gatherings) or the

Question 30 options:





Question 31(2 points)

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After Hitler joined a small Volkisch party in 1919, the name of the party was changed to the National Socialist German Worker's party - the Nationalsozialisticsche Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP - or

Question 31 options:

the Nazi party

the Deutsche party

the NDA party


Question 32(2 points)

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While in prison, Hitler wrote the first volume of Mein Kampf

Question 32 options:

My Struggle

My dream

My country


Question 33(5 points)

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Hitler's goal was to create a vast empire, based on racial nationalism, ruled by a master race

Question 33 options:

A 1000-year Reich

A 100-year empire

A 100-year Reich


Question 34(5 points)

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Hitler and the Nazis believed that: the Aryans, being a superior race, were meant by nature to rule over the rest of the earth, and are entitled to take others' land; Germany must find ___________ - living space -, for the superior German culture and people.

Question 34 options:


Mein Kampf



Question 35(2 points)

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_______would emerge out of a radical right-wing ultra nationalist politics; it was the totalitarian racist ideology and policies, espoused by Hitler and his National Socialist German Worker's Party's from 1920-45

Question 35 options:





Question 36(5 points)

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New York stock Exchange collapsed in 1929; unemployment was high; the extremist parties were more attractive because of this worldwide economic crisis: _____

Question 36 options:

the Great Depression

the Great Inflation

The Great Economic Crisis


Question 37(2 points)

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Nazi propaganda tied the nonhuman _____ to 'internationalism,' and blamed them for all the evils of the world, democracy, inflation, unemployment, political instability and Communism, as well as Germany's defeat in the Great War.

Question 37 options:





Question 38(5 points)

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The Nazi Party Platform and Nazi propaganda were

Question 38 options:

Anti-Versailles Treaty - attacked the 'November criminals,' against reparations

Anti-Bolshevik, anti-liberal, anti-democratic, racist and antisemitic

For idea of nationalism & volkisch ideology

All the above


Question 39(2 points)

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Nazi propaganda depicted Hitler as a savior sent by destiny, and promising

Question 39 options:

Economic recovery - putting an end to the hyperinflation

To regain Germany's 'proper place' - restoring Germany's strength & pride

a & b


Question 40(5 points)

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In 1932, the right-wing elites, industrial magnates, landed aristocrats, military establishment, & higher bureaucrats believed that Hitler would save Germany and their positions from a Communist takeover. On Jan. 30, 1933, President Hindenburg agreed to allow Hitler to become

Question 40 options:


Chancellor and create a new government


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Tags test question save options jews jewish party german pointsin hitler 19th great racial christian movement french antisemitism treaty state nazi world political nationalism germany democratic pointsthe superior race races

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Preview: wondered xxxx they xxxxxx do about xxxx "What should xx do xxxxx xxxx Jewish xxxxxxxx among us?" xxxxxxxxxx "Jewish Question"The xxxxxxxxx Question"The xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 62 x 2 pointsA xxxx areas where xxxx were xxxxxxxxxx xx the xxxx centuryThe Jewish xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Jewish areaQuestion xx / x xxxxxxxx his xxxxxxx Of the xxxx and Their xxxxx __________ xxxxxxxx xx set xx fire synagoguesCalvinLutherHitlerQuestion xx / 2 xxxxxxxxxx the xxx xx the xxxx c & xxxx c , xxx following xxx xxxxxx Revolution xxx conquestsJews achieved xxxxxxxxxxxx - legal xxxxxxxx in xxxx xxxxxxxx landsJews xxxx the ghetto xxxxx became successful xxxxxxxxxxxxxx bankers, xxxxxxxx xxxxx bQuestion xx / 2 xxxxxxxxxxxx antisemitism has xxx following xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx 19th x exclusive romantic xxxxxxxx emphasizing an xxxxxxxxx nationalismRacial xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx the xxxxx antagonism deriving xxxx modern capitalisma xxxxx bQuestion xxx x 2 xxxxxxxx France, in xxxxx Edouard Drumont xxxxxxxxx one xx xxx best-sellers xx the 2nd xxxx of the xxxx c x xxxxxx France, xxxxx argued that xxx Jews had xxxxxx control xx xxxxxxx blamed xxx Jews for xxxxxxxxxxx attributed all xxx nation's xxxxxxxxxxx xx the xxxxx & accused xxxx of deicide xx 1894, xxxx xxxxxx officer xx the French xxxx was falsely xxxxxxx of xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx Baron xx RothschildTheodor HerzlQuestion xxx / 2 xxxxxxxx Poland, xxxxxx xxx middle xx the 18th x , in xxx context xx xxx Haidamak xxxxx -attacks of xxxxxxxxx peasants against xxxxx and xxxxxx xx blood xxxxxxx a new xxxxxxxx movement with xxxxxx worship, xxxxx xxxxxx Judaism, xxxxxxx by Israel xxxxx Shem Tov xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx joyful xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx movementQuestion xxx / 2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Jewish journalist, xxxx horrified xx xxx antisemitism xx witnessed in xxxxx during the xxxx trial xx x French xxxxxx officer, founded xxxxxxx - Jewish xxxxxxxx movement, xxx x return xx Zion, symbolic xxxx to the xxxxxxxx homeland xx xxx JewsBarakHerzlDreyfusQuestion xxx / 2 xxxxxxxx the 19th x , xxx xxxxxx Romantic xxxxxxxxx movement excluded xxx Jews as xxxxxxxxx and xxxxxxxxxxxx.....
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