Question # 00004189 Posted By: neil2103 Updated on: 11/26/2013 10:54 PM Due on: 11/29/2013
Subject Accounting Topic Accounting Tutorials:
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The Utease Corporation has many production plants across the U.S. A newly opened plant, the Bellingham plant, produces and sells one product. The plant is treated, for responsibility accounting purposes, as a profit center. The unit standard costs for a production unit, with overhead applied based on direct labor hours, are as follows:


Manufacturing costs (per unit based on expected activity of 24,000 units or 36,000 direct labor hours):

Direct materials (2 pounds at $20)

$ 40.00

Direct labor (1.5 hours at $90)


Variable overhead (1.5 hours at $20)

$ 30.00

Fixed overhead (1.5 hours at $30)

$ 45.00

Standard cost per unit


Budgeted selling and administrative costs:


$5 per unit



Expected sales activity: 20,000 units at $425.00 per unit

Desired ending inventories: 10% of sales


Assume this is the first year of operations for the Bellingham plant. During the year, the company had the following activity:

Units produced

23,000 units

Units sold

21,500 units (Inventory = 1,500)

Unit selling price


Direct labor hours worked


Direct labor costs


Direct materials purchased

50,000 pounds

Direct materials costs


Direct materials used

50,000 pounds

Actual fixed overhead


Actual variable overhead


Actual selling and administrative costs


A. Prepare a production budget for the coming year based on the available standards, expected sales, and desired ending inventories.

B. Prepare a budgeted responsibility income statement for the Bellingham plant for the coming year.

C. Find the direct labor variances. Indicate if they are favorable or unfavorable and why they would be considered as such.

D. Find the direct materials variances (materials price variance and quantity variance)

E. Find the total over- or under applied (both fixed and variable) overhead. Would cost of goods sold be a larger or smaller expense item after the adjustment for over- or under applied overhead?

F. Calculate the actual plant operating profit for the year

G. Use a flexible budget to explain the difference between the budgeted operating profit and the actual operating profit for the Bellingham plant for its first year of operation. What part of the difference do you believe is the plant manager’s responsibility?

H. Assume Utease Corporation is planning to change its evaluation of business operations in all plants from the profit center format to the investment center format. If the average invested capital at the Bellingham plant is $8,950,000, compute the return on investment (ROI) for the first year of operation. Use the DuPont method of evaluation to compute the return on sales (ROS) and Capital turnover (CT) for the plant.

I. Assume that under the investment center evaluation plan the plant manager will be awarded a bonus based on ROI. If the manager has the opportunity in the coming year to invest in new equipment for $500,000 that will generate incremental earnings of $75,000 per year, would the manager undertake the project? Why or why not? What other evaluation tools could Utease use for their plants that might be better?

J. The chief financial officer of Utease Corporation wants to include a charge in each investment center’s income statement for corporate-wide administrative expenses. Should the Bellingham plant manager’s annual bonus be based on plant ROI after deducting the corporatewide administrative fee? Why or why not?

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Tutorials for this Question
  1. Tutorial # 00003979 Posted By: neil2103 Posted on: 11/26/2013 10:56 PM
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