TB_07_File1

Question # 00004380 Posted By: smartwriter Updated on: 12/02/2013 01:15 PM Due on: 12/31/2013
Subject Business Topic General Business Tutorials:
Question
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[i]. One of the basic relationships in interest rate theory is that, other things held constant, for a given change in the required rate of return, the the time to maturity, the the change in price.

a. longer; smaller.

b. shorter; larger.

c. longer; greater.

d. shorter; smaller.

e. Statements c and d are correct.

[ii]. Assume that a 10-year Treasury bond has a 12 percent annual coupon, while a 15-year Treasury bond has an 8 percent annual coupon. The yield curve is flat; all Treasury securities have a 10 percent yield to maturity. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The 10-year bond is selling at a discount, while the 15-year bond is selling at a premium.

b. The 10-year bond is selling at a premium, while the 15-year bond is selling at par.

c. If interest rates decline, the price of both bonds will increase, but the 15-year bond will have a larger percentage increase in price.

d. If the yield to maturity on both bonds remains at 10 percent over the next year, the price of the 10-year bond will increase, but the price of the 15-year bond will fall.

e. Statements c and d are correct.

[iii]. A 12-year bond has an annual coupon rate of 9 percent. The coupon rate will remain fixed until the bond matures. The bond has a yield to maturity of
7 percent. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The bond is currently selling at a price below its par value.

b. If market interest rates decline today, the price of the bond will also decline today.

c. If market interest rates remain unchanged, the bond’s price one year from now will be lower than it is today.

d. All of the statements above are correct.

e. None of the statements above is correct.

[iv]. A 10-year Treasury bond has an 8 percent coupon. An 8-year Treasury bond has a 10 percent coupon. Both bonds have the same yield to maturity. If the yields to maturity of both bonds increase by the same amount, which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The prices of both bonds will increase by the same amount.

b. The prices of both bonds will decrease by the same amount.

c. The prices of the two bonds will remain the same.

d. Both bonds will decline in price, but the 10-year bond will have a greater percentage decline in price than the 8-year bond.

e. Both bonds will decline in price, but the 8-year bond will have a greater percentage decline in price than the 10-year bond.

[v]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. All else equal, long-term bonds have more interest rate risk than short-term bonds.

b. All else equal, high-coupon bonds have more reinvestment rate risk than low-coupon bonds.

c. All else equal, short-term bonds have more reinvestment rate risk than do long-term bonds.

d. Statements a and c are correct.

e. All of the statements above are correct.

[vi]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Relative to short-term bonds, long-term bonds have less interest rate risk but more reinvestment rate risk.

b. Relative to short-term bonds, long-term bonds have more interest rate risk and more reinvestment risk.

c. Relative to coupon-bearing bonds, zero coupon bonds have more interest rate risk but less reinvestment rate risk.

d. If interest rates increase, all bond prices will increase, but the increase will be greatest for bonds that have less interest rate risk.

e. One advantage of zero coupon bonds is that you don’t have to pay any taxes until you sell the bond or it matures.

[vii]. Which of the following bonds will have the greatest percentage increase in value if all interest rates decrease by 1 percent?

a. 20-year, zero coupon bond.

b. 10-year, zero coupon bond.

c. 20-year, 10 percent coupon bond.

d. 20-year, 5 percent coupon bond.

e. 1-year, 10 percent coupon bond.

[viii]. Which of the following events would make it more likely that a company would choose to call its outstanding callable bonds?

a. A reduction in market interest rates.

b. The company’s bonds are downgraded.

c. An increase in the call premium.

d. Statements a and b are correct.

e. Statements a, b, and c are correct.

[ix]. Other things held constant, if a bond indenture contains a call provision, the yield to maturity that would exist without such a call provision will generally be the YTM with a call provision.

a. Higher than.

b. Lower than.

c. The same as.

d. Either higher or lower (depending on the level of the call premium) than.

e. Unrelated to.

[x]. All of the following may serve to reduce the coupon rate that would otherwise be required on a bond issued at par, except a

a. Sinking fund.

b. Restrictive covenant.

c. Call provision.

d. Change in rating from Aa to Aaa.

e. None of the statements above. (All may reduce the required coupon rate.)

[xi]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. All else equal, if a bond’s yield to maturity increases, its price will fall.

b. All else equal, if a bond’s yield to maturity increases, its current yield will fall.

c. If a bond’s yield to maturity exceeds the coupon rate, the bond will sell at a premium over par.

d. All of the statements above are correct.

e. None of the statements above is correct.


[xii]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. If a bond’s yield to maturity exceeds its annual coupon, then the bond will be trading at a premium.

b. If interest rates increase, the relative price change of a 10-year coupon bond will be greater than the relative price change of a 10-year zero coupon bond.

c. If a coupon bond is selling at par, its current yield equals its yield to maturity.

d. Statements a and c are correct.

e. None of the statements above is correct.

Answer: e

[xiii]. A 10-year corporate bond has an annual coupon payment of 9 percent. The bond is currently selling at par ($1,000). Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The bond’s yield to maturity is 9 percent.

b. The bond’s current yield is 9 percent.

c. If the bond’s yield to maturity remains constant, the bond’s price will remain at par.

d. Statements a and c are correct.

e. All of the statements above are correct.

[xiv]. A 15-year bond with a face value of $1,000 currently sells for $850. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The bond’s yield to maturity is greater than its coupon rate.

b. If the yield to maturity stays constant until the bond matures, the bond’s price will remain at $850.

c. The bond’s current yield is equal to the bond’s coupon rate.

d. Statements b and c are correct.

e. All of the statements above are correct.

[xv]. A Treasury bond has an 8 percent annual coupon and a yield to maturity equal to 7.5 percent. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The bond has a current yield greater than 8 percent.

b. The bond sells at a price above par.

c. If the yield to maturity remains constant, the price of the bond is expected to fall over time.

d. Statements b and c are correct.

e. All of the statements above are correct.


[xvi]. You are considering investing in three different bonds. Each bond matures in 10 years and has a face value of $1,000. The bonds have the same level of risk, so the yield to maturity is the same for each. Bond A has an
8 percent annual coupon, Bond B has a 10 percent annual coupon, and Bond C has a 12 percent annual coupon. Bond B sells at par. Assuming that interest rates are expected to remain at their current level for the next 10 years, which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Bond A sells at a discount (its price is less than par), and its price is expected to increase over the next year.

b. Bond A’s price is expected to decrease over the next year, Bond B’s price is expected to stay the same, and Bond C’s price is expected to increase over the next year.

c. Since the bonds have the same yields to maturity, they should all have the same price, and since interest rates are not expected to change, their prices should all remain at their current levels until the bonds mature.

d. Bond C sells at a premium (its price is greater than par), and its price is expected to increase over the next year.

e. Statements b and d are correct.

[xvii]. An investor is considering buying one of two bonds issued by Carson City Airlines. Bond A has a 7 percent annual coupon, whereas Bond B has a
9 percent annual coupon. Both bonds have 10 years to maturity, face values of $1,000, and yields to maturity of 8 percent. Assume that the yield to maturity for both of the bonds will remain constant over the next 10 years. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Bond A has a higher price than Bond B today, but one year from now the bonds will have the same price as each other.

b. Bond B has a higher price than Bond A today, but one year from now the bonds will have the same price as each other.

c. Both bonds have the same price today, and the price of each bond is expected to remain constant until the bonds mature.

d. One year from now, Bond A’s price will be higher than it is today.

e. Bond A’s current yield (not to be confused with its yield to maturity) is greater than 8 percent.

[xviii]. A 10-year bond with a 9 percent annual coupon has a yield to maturity of 8 percent. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The bond is selling at a discount.

b. The bond’s current yield is greater than 9 percent.

c. If the yield to maturity remains constant, the bond’s price one year from now will be lower than its current price.

d. Statements a and b are correct.

e. None of the statements above is correct.

[xix]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Long-term bonds have more interest rate price risk, but less reinvestment rate risk than short-term bonds.

b. Bonds with higher coupons have more interest rate price risk, but less reinvestment rate risk than bonds with lower coupons.

c. If interest rates remain constant for the next five years, the price of a discount bond will remain the same for the next five years.

d. Statements b and c are correct.

e. All of the statements above are correct.

[xx]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. If a bond is selling at par value, its current yield equals its yield to maturity.

b. If a bond is selling at a discount to par, its current yield will be less than its yield to maturity.

c. All else equal, bonds with longer maturities have more interest rate (price) risk than do bonds with shorter maturities.

d. All of the statements above are correct.

e. None of the statements above is correct.

[xxi]. A 10-year bond pays an annual coupon. The bond has a yield to maturity of 8 percent. The bond currently trades at a premium--its price is above the par value of $1,000. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. If the yield to maturity remains at 8 percent, then the bond’s price will decline over the next year.

b. The bond’s current yield is less than 8 percent.

c. If the yield to maturity remains at 8 percent, then the bond’s price will remain the same over the next year.

d. The bond’s coupon rate is less than 8 percent.

e. If the yield to maturity increases, then the bond’s price will increase.


[xxii]. You are considering two Treasury bonds. Bond A has a 9 percent annual coupon, and Bond B has a 6 percent annual coupon. Both bonds have a yield to maturity of 7 percent. Assume that the yield to maturity is expected to remain at 7 percent. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. If the yield to maturity remains at 7 percent, the price of both bonds will increase by 7 percent per year.

b. If the yield to maturity remains at 7 percent, the price of both bonds will increase over time, but the price of Bond A will increase by more.

c. If the yield to maturity remains at 7 percent, the price of both bonds will remain unchanged.

d. If the yield to maturity remains at 7 percent, the price of Bond A will decrease over time, but the price of Bond B will increase over time.

e. If the yield to maturity remains at 7 percent, the price of Bond B will decrease over time, but the price of Bond A will increase over time.

Answer: e

[xxiii]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Sinking fund provisions do not require companies to retire their debt; they only establish “targets” for the company to reduce its debt over time.

b. Sinking fund provisions sometimes work to the detriment of bondholders--particularly if interest rates have declined over time.

c. If interest rates have increased since the time a company issues bonds with a sinking fund provision, the company is more likely to retire the bonds by buying them back in the open market, as opposed to calling them in at the sinking fund call price.

d. Statements a and b are correct.

e. Statements b and c are correct.

[xxiv]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Retiring bonds under a sinking fund provision is similar to calling bonds under a call provision in the sense that bonds are repurchased by the issuer prior to maturity.

b. Under a sinking fund, bonds will be purchased on the open market by the issuer when the bonds are selling at a premium and bonds will be called in for redemption when the bonds are selling at a discount.

c. The sinking fund provision makes a debt issue less risky to the investor.

d. Statements a and c are correct.

e. All of the statements above are correct.

Answer: e

[xxv]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Junk bonds typically have a lower yield to maturity relative to investment grade bonds.

b. A debenture is a secured bond that is backed by some or all of the firm’s fixed assets.

c. Subordinated debt has less default risk than senior debt.

d. All of the statements above are correct.

e. None of the statements above is correct.

Medium:

[xxvi]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Rising inflation makes the actual yield to maturity on a bond greater than the quoted yield to maturity, which is based on market prices.

b. The yield to maturity for a coupon bond that sells at its par value consists entirely of an interest yield; it has a zero expected capital gains yield.

c. On an expected yield basis, the expected capital gains yield will always be positive because an investor would not purchase a bond with an expected capital loss.

d. The market value of a bond will always approach its par value as its maturity date approaches. This holds true even if the firm enters bankruptcy.

e. None of the statements above is correct.

[xxvii]. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. The current yield on Bond A exceeds the current yield on Bond B; therefore, Bond A must have a higher yield to maturity than Bond B.

b. If a bond is selling at a discount, the yield to call is a better measure of return than the yield to maturity.

c. If a coupon bond is selling at par, its current yield equals its yield to maturity.

d. Statements a and b are correct.

e. Statements b and c are correct.

Answer: c

[xxviii]. Assume that all interest rates in the economy decline from 10 percent to 9 percent. Which of the following bonds will have the largest percentage increase in price?

a. A 10-year bond with a 10 percent coupon.

b. An 8-year bond with a 9 percent coupon.

c. A 10-year zero coupon bond.

d. A 1-year bond with a 15 percent coupon.

e. A 3-year bond with a 10 percent coupon.

[xxix]. Which of the following has the greatest interest rate (price) risk?

a. A 10-year, $1,000 face value, 10 percent coupon bond with semiannual interest payments.

b. A 10-year, $1,000 face value, 10 percent coupon bond with annual interest payments.

c. A 10-year, $1,000 face value, zero coupon bond.

d. A 10-year $100 annuity.

e. All of the above have the same price risk since they all mature in 10 years.

[xxx]. If the yield to maturity decreased 1 percentage point, which of the following bonds would have the largest percentage increase in value?

a. A 1-year bond with an 8 percent coupon.

b. A 1-year zero coupon bond.

c. A 10-year zero coupon bond.

d. A 10-year bond with an 8 percent coupon.

e. A 10-year bond with a 12 percent coupon.

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