Question # 00005335 Posted By: smartwriter Updated on: 12/14/2013 07:46 AM Due on: 12/31/2013
Subject Business Topic General Business Tutorials:
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81. Andrew is enrolled in a university course on project management. His class meets at the local

community college, but the instructor’s lecture is carried over two-way television from the state

university located in another city. This is an example of

a. simulation.

b. distance learning.

c. conference training.

d. e-learning.


82. Combining short, fast-paced, interactive computer-based lessons and teleconferencing with traditional

classroom instruction and simulation is called

a. internship.

b. combined training.

c. blended learning.

d. job-instruction training.


83. Presenting training content in a gaming simulation format has all the following advantages EXCEPT

a. enhancing employee interest in training.

b. improving transfer of training.

c. performance improvement.

d. low-cost design.


84. All of the following are advantages of e-learning EXCEPT

a. it leads to significantly greater retention of training content.

b. e-learning allows trainees to progress at their own speed.

c. e-learning incorporates built-in feedback.

d. e-learning allows trainers to update the content relatively easily.


85. The director of training is evaluating whether an e-learning method should be used for a supervisordevelopment

program. The director should consider all the following factors EXCEPT

a. whether supervisors who need training are in distant locations.

b. whether current training materials can be easily adapted to an e-learning format.

c. if the supervisors are self-motivated enough to work through the training program alone.

d. whether current supervisor training is meeting organizational goals.


86. In order to qualify as a tax-preparer for a seasonal job at a tax-preparation chain, Martin must answer

written questions on tax terminology covered in an e-learning course. Martin’s scores on this test

evaluate the training on a ____ level.

a. results

b. learning

c. reaction

d. behavior



87. Theresa, a company trainer, is reading the results of her customer-service training program

evaluations. She has very high ratings in the areas of class enjoyability and trainee willingness to take

the program again. This evaluation of Theresa’s training is on the ____ level.

a. reaction

b. learning

c. behavior

d. results


88. The difficulty with evaluating results by measuring the effect of training on the achievement of

organizational objectives is

a. pinpointing whether it actually was training that caused the changes.

b. that organizational results are not clearly quantifiable.

c. the criteria are hard to obtain.

d. the difficulty of interpreting subjective performance measures.


89. The ____ level of evaluation involves measuring the effect of training on job performance through

interviews of trainees and their coworkers and observing job performance.

a. reaction

b. learning

c. results

d. behavior


90. The most difficult level of training evaluation, but the one that has the most value to the organization is

the ____ level.

a. reaction

b. learning

c. behavior

d. results


91. Which is the best way to determine if training is cost effective?

a. measure improvements in performance resulting from training

b. compare costs and benefits associated with training

c. calculate the cost per employee of the training

d. determine whether training expenses came within budget


92. What is NOT a cost of training that should be taken into account when calculating the costs and

benefits of a training program?

a. trainer’s salary and time

b. hotel and food expenses for trainees if training is off-site

c. opportunity cost of trainees being away from work

d. reduction in morale of employees who were not selected for training


93. Conrad, the director of training, must establish for top management the amount of financial benefit the

company has realized for the amount of money that has been put into the mechanics’ training program.

Conrad needs to prepare a

a. return on investment analysis.

b. net gain calculation.

c. actual versus proposed budget comparison.

d. results evaluation.


94. ____ to evaluate training, HR professionals in an organization gather data on training and compare

them to data on training at other organizations of similar size in their industry.

a. When using the results approach

b. When using benchmarking

c. To use a cost/benefit analysis

d. When implementing a return on investment analysis approach


95. The best way to determine if the training caused the change in performance, or whether it was some

other factor, is to use

a. a control group.

b. a pre-test measure.

c. benchmarking.

d. pre-/post-measure.



96. A problem with the pre/post measure of evaluating training is

a. the difficulty of constructing a good test.

b. whether employees were randomly assigned to the control group.

c. being able to intervene in the workplace at the appropriate times.

d. knowing if the training was responsible for any changes in performance.


97. The training manager is reporting on the results of the training of new cashiers at the soon-to-open

theme park. In his report, the training manager says the training program was highly effective because

90% of the cashiers could operate at the required speed when tested at the end of the program. As

director of HR

a. you are pleased that the training program is so effective, and you will ask the manager to

repeat the same program in the future.

b. you ask if the training manager tested the new cashiers before they received the training.

c. you are pleased with this results-level evaluation because the cashiers will perform at least

this well when they are on the job.

d. you ask if the director collected any data on whether the cashiers liked the training.



1. If employees view e-learning tools as an Internet game that they enjoy playing, the training has

succeeded because the employees are not avoiding the training process.


2. Christopher has a heart problem that makes vigorous activity dangerous. His work team is going to

Utah for a white-water rafting outdoor experience to learn team building skills. Christopher is invited

to go along, but he will have to wait at the hotel while everyone else is on the water and camping out.

Christopher may have a legal case that he has not been accommodated in this training program.


3. Training focuses on improving employee capabilities needed for their current job. Development

focuses on employee capabilities needed for both their current and their future jobs.


4. Training should be viewed tactically because it is focused on employees’ current job capabilities.

Development should be viewed strategically because it is focused on employees’ needed future



5. The frequent changes to which the organization must adapt demands that employees be continually

trained to update their capabilities.


6. Cross-cultural training is needed for U.S. employees being transferred to foreign assignments, but it is

less necessary for foreign employees being transferred to U.S. assignments because of the

pervasiveness of the U.S. culture through movies, television and the Internet.


7. Because of the U.S.’s commitment to training specialized and skilled workers, the U.S. will remain the

innovative and strategic leader in the world economy for the foreseeable future.


8. A gap analysis identifies the difference between what an employee knows and what the employee

should know in order to perform the job satisfactorily.


9. It is essential that objectives for training be related to the budgetary priorities identified in the

organizational analysis.


10. Many job applicants and current employees have low readiness to learn because they lack sufficient

reading, writing and math skills to comprehend the needed training.


11. Carlene arrives at the training facility full of enthusiasm because she is really excited about learning

how to cope with difficult customers. She has encountered a number of intransigent customers and is

eager to see what “tricks” the trainers can show her. Carlene has motivation to learn.


12. Adult learners are more interested in a theoretical approach to training rather than a problem-centered

approach since adults prefer seeing the “big picture.”


13. Alicia will be traveling extensively in Brazil for her employer. Alicia knows no Portuguese and she

will be traveling in areas where there will be few fluent English speakers. Alicia’s employer is sending

her to a two-week language immersion program, where Alicia will be in a totally Portuguese-speaking

environment. This would be classified as massed practice.


14. Behavior modeling is the most elementary way in which people learn, and it is one of the best.


15. The concept of reinforcement is based on the law of confirmation, which states that people tend to

repeat behaviors that receive an immediate confirmation.


16. Phillip waited a week for feedback on how he did on his first sales presentation to clients because his

boss was out of town and had to review a recording of the presentation. This undermines the Phillips

learning because of the lack of immediate confirmation.


17. If a year after the equine safety program, the volunteers at the therapeutic riding stable always cross-tie

the horses while they brush and saddle them, that aspect of the training could be said to have



18. On-the-job training is by far the most commonly used form of training, because it can be smoothly

integrated into the regular work flow.


19. One problem with on-the-job training is the risk that supervisors can transfer bad habits or incorrect

information to the trainees.


20. Employees do not always like to do cross-training, but a learning bonus often makes completing the

training more appealing.


21. Like apprenticeships, internships are a type of cooperative training.

22. The primary purpose of an orientation program is to provide a realistic job preview for new hires when

joining a new organization.

23. Virtual reality can be used to create an artificial environment for police officers, training them when to

use weapons when chasing suspects in darkened and crowded areas.

24. The major cost savings of e-learning programs come from low up-front development costs.

25. Since most of the benefits of training are intangible (such as attitude changes and safety awareness), it

is rarely possible to evaluate the cost effectiveness of training programs.

26. If a training program scored high at the reaction level, the learning level and the behavior level, but

there was no improvement at the results level, one can definitely say the training failed.


1. What learning principles would you consider in designing a training program?

2. What is the purpose of an orientation program? What should the format and content of an effective

orientation be?


3. What is cooperative training? Describe its usefulness.

4. How can an organization determine if its training expenditures are cost effective?

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  1. Tutorial # 00005151 Posted By: smartwriter Posted on: 12/14/2013 07:51 AM
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