general business data bank

Question # 00004605 Posted By: spqr Updated on: 12/04/2013 12:22 PM Due on: 12/31/2013
Subject General Questions Topic General General Questions Tutorials:
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41. What is one important conclusion drawn from research comparing the attachments of Israeli children to mother, father, and special caregiver (metapelet)?

a. Babies can only form one true attachment.

b. The attachment to one’s mother is more important than the other attachments.

c. Infants can have a variety of attachment relationships that all contribute to social development differently.

d. All attachment relationships are the same.

42. Under which conditions would you expect a 9 month-old baby to make the strongest protest over separation?

a. The mother leaves the baby in a laboratory room and closes the door behind her.

b. The mother leaves the baby’s sight but calls out to the baby from another room.

c. The mother leaves the living room and walks into the kitchen while the baby stays in the living room.

d. The mother walks from one laboratory room to an adjoining room while the baby watches.

43. What is the purpose of the Strange Situation as an experimental procedure?

a. to stimulate the attachment system and observe it under controlled conditions

b. to stimulate alternative approaches to emotional regulation and control

c. to help babies reduce their fear of separation

d. to help parents learn to handle separation from their infants

44. In the Strange Situation, which of the following behaviors are generally NOT subjected to systematic observations?

a. interactions between the baby and the stranger

b. interactions between the baby and the mother

c. interactions between the baby and the observer

d. the baby’s behavior

45. Which of the following is a characteristic of babies who do NOT have a secure attachment?

a. At home, they cry less than other babies.

b. They actively explore the environment when their mothers are present.

c. They avoid contact with their mothers after brief separation.

d. They interact with strangers while mothers are present.

46. Babies who avoid contact with their mothers after separation or who ignore her efforts to interact have a(n) _____________ attachment.

a. secure

b. insecure

c. anxious-resistant

d. anxious-avoidant

47. Which attachment pattern is linked with the most serious mental health problems in later childhood?

a. anxious-avoidant

b. anxious-resistant

c. secure

d. disorganized

48. Babies who show a(n) ________ attachment appear to cry the most in the home situation.

a. anxious-avoidant

b. anxious-resistant

c. secure

d. undeveloped

49. Infants who show an anxious-resistant attachment appear to have an internal, mental representation of the mother as _______________.

a. skewed and simplistic

b. rejecting

c. accessible and responsive


50. When mothers are inconsistent in responsiveness to their babies, the babies are characterized as______.

a. anxious-avoidant

b. anxious-resistant

c. secure

d. disorganized

51. A mother who can accurately interpret her baby’s signals and respond appropriately is said to demonstrate __________________.

a. sensitivity

b. good temperament

c. inhibited attachment

d. organized security

52. What experiences from the past are most likely to interfere with an adult’s ability to form a secure attachment with an infant?

a. having a mother who responds promptly to signs of distress

b. being an only child

c. disruption of early attachment relationship

d. lack of a high school diploma

53. In considering the role of culture in attachment formation, cultural beliefs about infants might be evident in which of the following?

a. the caregiver’s interpretation of the urgency of a baby’s cry

b. the caregiver’s age at birth of first child

c. the caregiver’s marital status

d. the caregiver’s participation in a traditional marriage ceremony

54. Which statement best reflects the apparent connection between infant temperament and attachment?

a. The infant’s temperament influences the kinds of parental responses needed to help the infant form a secure attachment.

b. An infant’s temperament is a strong predictor of the type of attachment that will be formed.

c. The infant’s temperament influences the caregiver’s self-esteem.

d. Only sociable babies form secure attachments.

55. A model of factors affecting a caregiver’s sensitivity to an infant’s needs includes 4 factors. Which of the following is NOT included in this model?

a. a caregiver’s own personal life story

b. characteristics of the infant

c. urban, rural, or suburban community context

d. culture

56. Which of the following statements best describes the role of early attachments for later behavior?

a. Attachments formed in infancy are not relevant for understanding relationships in childhood or adolescence.

b. The attachment formed at 12 months may change dramatically by age 2.

c. A secure attachment can become insecure but an insecure attachment cannot become secure.

d. Secure attachments are associated with positive adaptive capacities at 3 to 5 years.

57. Which of the following has been consistently observed to be a consequence of secure attachments formed in infancy?

a. success in job placement after college

b. positive, close peer relationships in childhood and adolescence

c. meaningful relationships with one’s grandchildren in later adulthood

d. an ability to face one’s death without great fear

58. Two expressions of reactive attachment disorder are ________________.

a. inhibited and uninhibited type

b. expressive and unexpressive type

c. inhibited and expressive type

d. none of these

59. A person that is very withdrawn, hypervigilant in social contacts, and resistant to comfort are considered ____.

a. nonsociable type

b. unexpressive type

c. inhibited type

d. slow-to-warm-up type

60. Childhood attachment has been found to be associated with _______.

a. self-esteem

b. peer relationships

c. romantic relationships

d. all of the these

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