general business data bank

Question # 00004596 Posted By: spqr Updated on: 12/04/2013 11:59 AM Due on: 12/31/2013
Subject General Questions Topic General General Questions Tutorials:
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21. Single word utterances accompanied by gestures, actions, vocal intonation, and emotion are called ____.

a. holophrases

b. telegraphic speech

c. fast mapping

d. transformations

22. _______ refers to rules that guide the combination of words and phrases in order to preserve meaning.

a. Grammar

b. Vocabulary

c. Language

d. Symbols

23. What is the difference between language production and receptive language?

a. The first is the ability to understand meaning; the second is the ability to convey one's meaning.

b. The first is the ability to communicate without language; the second is the ability to communicate with language.

c. The first is the ability to communicate with language; the second is the ability to understand the language of others.

d. The first is the ability to speak; the second is the ability to use gestures.

24. What is telegraphic speech?

a. one word expressions

b. whining, cooing, and grunting

c. two-word sentences

d. vocalization without meaning

25. "Allgone Daddy," and "Go ByeBye" are examples of ____________________.

a. gestures

b. holophrases

c. fast mapping

d. telegraphic speech

26. Which statement best characterizes early two-word expressions for children across cultures?

a. There is great variation in the types of words and word combinations used within each culture.

b. Children in all cultures say "allgone" or its equivalent as one of their very first two-word sentences.

c. Children rarely make reference to movement or action words.

d. Only English-speaking children use two-word sentences.

27. What are grammatical transformations?

a. rules for word order and for adding modifiers or inflections to convey meaning

b. rules for two-word sentences

c. rules for polite speech

d. ways of expanding on a young child's language

28. A three-year-old may say, "I runned fast." This is an example of _________________.

a. two-word sentences

b. overregularization

c. expansion

d. scaffolding


29. Which of the following is the earliest milestone in language development?

a. vocabulary of more than 75 words

b. two-word sentences

c. responding to commands such as "Show me your nose"

d. frustration expressed when not understood by adults

30. Marina has a vocabulary of over 50 words and uses two-word phrases. She likes to talk and clearly enjoys participating in social talk. About how old is Marina?

a. 12 months

b. 18 months

c. 24 months

d. 36 months

31. In what way(s) does language play a critical role in adolescent and adult psychosocial crises, especially the establishment of group identity, intimacy, and generativity?

a. attain levels of disclosure that sustain significant personal relationships

b. serves as a mechanism for resolving conflicts

c. serves as a mechanism for building a sense of cohesiveness within groups

d. all of these

32. Among the choices below, which is the most important factor that caregivers contribute for the cognitive growth of their toddler?

a. nutritious meals

b. opportunities for verbal interaction

c. providing for safety

d. enrollment in childcare

33. Adults in white, middle-class, Western societies tend to use which of the following techniques when speaking to toddlers in order to facilitate the children’s language acquisition?

a. They use simplified, redundant utterances that correspond with the child’s interests and comprehension levels.

b. They use long, complex sentences to extend the child’s language abilities.

c. They emphasize the future and the past so that the child becomes aware of time in his/her speech.

d. They tease their children, particularly in the presence of others, in order to give the children a chance to develop a quick wit.

34. What is a benefit of bilingualism to a child?

a. expands access to concepts

b. there is no benefit, this causes the child to be confused

c. expands sociability

d. the child can hold dual citizenship

35. During the time when José was learning to talk, his parents spoke to him a great deal, and José and his parents often took turns in their interactions. One of the parents was often in the same room with José. When Mark was learning to talk, his parents were mostly silent, waiting for him to say things. Usually they were in a different room and shouted commands such as “Play with your stacker.” What would you predict the relationship between José and Mark’s IQ would be at 3 years of age?

a. There would be no difference in IQ.

b. Mark would have a higher IQ.

c. José would have a higher verbal IQ.

d. José would have a higher verbal IQ, and Stephane would have a higher nonverbal IQ.

36. Recent research has shown that 3- and 4-year-old children are ______ before incorporating words into their vocabulary.

a. unable to assess the expertise of their language partner

b. able to assess the expertise of their language partner

c. under stress

d. able to grasp the complete meaning

37. Timmy says: "Allgone daddy," and his mother says: “Yes, Timmy, daddy has gone to work." This is an example of ________.

a. grammar

b. lack of match between parent and child

c. expansion

d. motherese

38. What is a child’s language partner’s purpose in using expansion and prompting when interacting with a toddler?

a. to show the child that speaking well does not require the use of sentences that are grammatically correct

b. to increase the child’s ability to fastmap words

c. to help the child communicate more effectively by expanding on or asking the child to elaborate on something of interest to him/her

d. to model a problem solving strategy that the child can use when dealing with complex situations

39. Which of the following has been identified as an especially important activity in preparing a child for literacy and for expanding a child’s language skills?

a. drawing with friends

b. reading silently

c. watching television

d. reading aloud

40. Which of the following predicts the level of a child’s language development at ages 2 and 3?

a. the child’s age at jumping

b. playing social games as an infant

c. conversations between mother and daycare teacher

d. when the child began to babble

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