general business data bank
1. The period of physical development when the reproductive system matures is called ______.
2. Which pattern best characterizes the physical changes associated with puberty?
a. The height spurt occurs earlier for girls than for boys.
b. The height spurt occurs earlier for boys than for girls.
c. Menarche is the first sign of pubertal change for girls.
d. The presence of facial hair is the first sign of pubertal change for boys.
3. Which of the following best describes physical maturation for adolescent males?
a. includes increased height, weight and muscle mass
b. occurs two years earlier than for females
c. is characterized by a uniform growth rate in all body parts
d. is usually accompanied by high levels of anxiety and dread
4. One consequence of the secular trend is that children ______________.
a. are more intelligent today than they were 100 years ago
b. are shorter than they were in the past
c. are more likely to be members of peer groups today than they were 100 years ago
d. reach adult height earlier today than they did 100 years ago
5. In Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, ______ is considered the final stage, which includes
increased abstract thinking and hypothesis testing.
a. sensorimotor intelligence
b. preoperational thought
c. formal operational thought
d. concrete operational thought
6. Which of the following is considered an example of egocentrism in early adolescence?
a. Adolescents cannot separate actions from their effects.
b. Adolescents cannot separate their perspective from that of the listener.
c. Adolescents assume that others share their hypothetical construction of reality.
d. Adolescents are actively seeking stimulation and risk.
7. Which of the following is a criticism of the concept of formal operational thought?
a. as children reach puberty, they all use formal reasoning
b. formal reasoning is not necessary for effective problem solving
c. formal reasoning is not a broad enough concept to encompass all the dimensions along which
cognitive functioning matures
d. in modern times, adolescents don’t like learning methods that require rote memorization
8. Adolescents show noticeably different levels of aggression and depression. Problems that result from directing aggression outward toward harming others are known as ________ problems.
9. Symptoms of worrying, moodiness, crying, difficulty sleeping, and loss of interest in daily activities are associated with _____________.
a. anorexia nervosa
10. Which of the following statements is most accurate?
a. For adolescents, carrying a gun is linked to starting fights and feeling that shooting people is
justified in certain circumstances.
b. Equal numbers of boys and girls carry guns to school.
c. For adolescents, carrying a gun is no different from carrying a knife. They are both linked to a
motivation for peer dominance and power.
d. Carrying a weapon to school is very rare and observed only among extremely violent youth.
11. Which of the following is offered as an explanation for why depression is more often observed among adolescent girls than boys?
a. depression is associated with fluctuations in estrogen
b. adolescent girls have more problems than adolescent boys
c. girls take the problems of their family and friends more to heart, leading to more emotional
d. depression is associated with fluctuations in estrogen and girls take their family and friends’ problems more to heart
12. What does it mean to say that adolescent peer groups haveboundaries?
a. you can see the edge of the group when they walk along the halls of the school
b. there are unspoken rules about who is included in the group
c. academic goals and achievement levels differentiate the groups
d. the groups differ in their access to money and other resources
13. In the transition to coitus, which of the following factors is associated with having a less
permissive attitude toward premarital sex and a greater willingness to delay sexual activity?
a. early entry into puberty
b. low academic aspirations
c. strong religious values
d. living in a step family
14. Which statement best describes the consequences of adolescent childbearing?
a. teen childbearing increases the likelihood of living in poverty by age 27
b. teen childbearing increases the likelihood of getting early and consistent prenatal care
c. teen childbearing is associated with the birth of larger, healthier babies
d. teen mothers are more likely to finish high school than teens who get pregnant and have an
15. A positive sense of ___________ provides an early adolescent with confidence that he or she is
meaningfully connected to society, has a cognitive map of the characteristics of the social
landscape, and the skills to successfully engage in social life.
a. social referencing
b. group identity
c. social attachment
d. role enactment
16. What is the psychosocial crisis of early adolescence?
a. generativity versus stagnation
b. group identity versus alienation
c. individual identity versus identity confusion
d. hope versus diffidence
17. By resolving the psychosocial crisis of early adolescence in a positive direction, a young person
gains confidence that he or she _______________
a. has achieved formal operational thought and can successfully use the related skills.
b. is able to graduate from high school and attend college.
c. can maintain egocentrism in the face of conflicting opinions.
d. is meaningfully connected to valued social groups.
18. What is one likely outcome of alienation during early adolescence?
a. a keen sense of group belonging
b. the development of a sense of industry
c. uneasiness in the presence of peers
d. increased understanding about peer pressure
19. Why is a sense of ethnic group identity heightened in early adolescence?
a. adolescents encounter new sanctions against cross-race friendships and dating
b. minority adolescents are highly valued within their peer group
c. there are few differences in values between parents and peers
d. the majority culture acknowledges the contributions of ethnic groups as part of its heritage
20. How do adolescents describe their parents’ views about their alcohol use? Teens believe that ______________
a. parents accept their teens’ drinking as a normal part of experimentation
b. parents definitely disapprove of teens who drink alcohol daily
c. parents consider teens’ daily drinking as risky but acceptable
d. parents are generally unaware of their teens’ use of alcohol.