general business data bank
101. The self-consciousness and egocentrism common in early adolescence is likely to result in experiences of ____________________.
a. formal operational reasoning
c. social support
d. peer group membership
102. Alienation associated with issues of may occur when early adolescents are forced to take on roles to which they do not subscribe.
a. common bond
b. common identity
d. identity confusion
103. Alienation associated with issues of common bond occurs when adolescents are ________.
a. unable to form interpersonal ties that provide feelings of acceptance or emotional support
b. forced to comply with group expectations to which they do not subscribe
c. members of so many groups that they can’t become loyal to any of them
d. so tied to their families that they fail to gain membership in a peer group
104. In what way might experiences of alienation be important for the formation of group and individual identity?
a. They help teens appreciate how good social acceptance feels.
b. They help the young person see the self against the backdrop of the group.
c. The discomfort of not fitting in helps the young person recognize the distinctiveness of his or her point of view.
d. all of these
105. As a member of a group, an adolescent perceives that she is expected to behave in certain ways. This is called ______________________.
a. peer pressure
106. Which of the following statements about peer pressure is most accurate?
a. Peer groups demand total conformity. There is little room for variations in temperament or behavior.
b. Most peer groups do not expect any significant level of conformity. They usually have an "anything goes" philosophy.
c. Peer pressure is usually exerted in a few select areas that give the group stability and help the individual members achieve a sense of group identity.
d. Adolescents are usually in great conflict with most of the expectations of their peer group.
107. Peers often use teasing, gossip, and sarcasm to influence others’ attitudes and behavior. This is called ____.
a. normative regulation
d. direct suggestion
108. Susceptibility to peer pressure appears to be greatest at about the ages of __________.
109. Recognizing that some aspects of one's thoughts, feelings, and actions are influenced by one's ethnic heritage is evidence of _______________________.
b. cultural continuity
c. peer pressure
d. ethnic-group identity
110. A positive resolution of the psychosocial crisis of group identity versus alienation results in the achievement of the prime adaptive ego quality of ____________________.
d. fidelity to others
111. Stacey discusses her concerns about her aging parents and her sense of duty and responsibility to them. What she is expressing is called __________________.
a. filial obligation
b. parental responsibility
c. care taker rights
d. none of these
112. Experts say that what drives young people to join gangs are_____________.
b. the desire to belong
c. the desire to be loved and recognized
d. all of the these
113. Which term refers to the sense of separateness, withdrawal from others, and an inability to experience the bond of mutual acceptance?
b. separation anxiety
d. distance regulation
114. About what percent of adolescents in the United States try an illegal drug (not including alcohol) by their senior year in high school?
115. Roughly what percent of eighth graders in the U.S. say they have been drunk at least once?
116. Alcohol may be associated with adolescent death in which of the following conditions?
a. social drinking
b. when used in combination with driving
c. when used before the age of 18
d. alcohol doesn’t contributes to adolescent death rates in any significant way
117. Adolescents may use alcohol in social situations because it has the effect of __________.
a. making one sleepy and clumsy
b. making one noisy and obnoxious
c. reducing self-consciousness
d. reducing one's motor coordination
118. For both adults and adolescents, what is the most common explanation for why they use alcohol?
a. so they will fit in with their friends
b. so they can forget about pressure and stress
c. it's a good way to celebrate
d. so they can get to sleep
119. In a comparison of sixth and seventh grade males, which ethnic group reported the greatest percentage of alcohol use?
c. other Hispanics (not Cuban)
d. European Americans
120. Which family variable is a strong predictor of alcohol use among teens 12-13 years old?
a. being home alone 20 times or more in a month
b. being in a single parent family
c. being an only child
d. being in a family where alcohol is used at family celebrations