general business data bank
51. Which of the following is an example of an internalizing problem?
a. feelings of worthlessness
b. feelings of hopefulness
c. feelings of aggression directed toward property
d. feelings of romantic attraction
52. Which of the following is an eating disorder that is characterized by fear of gaining weight and refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight?
53. Carla is a shy adolescent who lives a very structured life, keeping to a strict routine. Over the last six months, she has lost 20 pounds. She is often nauseous and does not enjoy eating. Her mother tries to encourage her to eat, but Carla insists she is too fat and she looks better this way. A likely diagnosis is ____.
a. externalizing disorder
c. peer group alienation
d. obstinate disorder
54. In contrast to those with anorexia, adolescents who suffer from bulimia are more likely to _______.
a. have spurts of public gluttony
b. focus exclusively on weight loss
c. suffer serious health risks
d. prevent food absorption through induced vomiting or use of laxatives
55. How is the problem of anorexia linked to the topic of emotional development?
a. Girls with anorexia have other externalizing problems as well.
b. Anorexia is associated with difficulties accepting and expressing emotions.
c. Anorexia is associated with difficulties in impulse control.
d. Guilt is not experienced among adolescents with anorexia.
56. Acts that are illegal for adolescents but not adults such as truancy and underage drinking are called _____.
a. stage offenses
b. status offenses
c. problems of immaturity
d. acting out behavioral offenses
57. Delinquency is associated with which of the following?
a. overcontrol of emotions
b. body image dissatisfaction
c. inability to control and manage one’s impulses
d. fear of being thought of as unmanly
58. Youth who are involved in repeated violent crimes are likely to _________________.
a. drop out of school
b. turn themselves around with little need for intervention
c. experience clinical levels of depression
d. be dissatisfied with their body image
59. Research suggests that for most males and females who carry knives, the primary motive is _____________.
b. the desire for revenge
d. peer group pressure
60. As a result of the newly installed metal detectors, Bob was caught bringing a gun to school. He claims that he just wanted to show it to his history teacher. Based on what you know about teens who carry guns, what do you think might be another possible motive?
a. Bob is interested in the physics of weapons.
b. Bob wants to help protect his friends from other bullies at school.
c. Bob is looking for respect by intimidating his peers with a gun.
d. Bob is trying to protect himself, having been threatened by other kids at school.
61. Alan is experiencing sleeplessness, moodiness, and loss of appetite. He is very low in energy and doesn't want to get involved in any of the activities that provided enjoyment in the past. A likely diagnosis is _________.
a. anorexia nervosa
c. binge drinking
d. depressed mood
62. Which of the following is NOT likely to cause depression in early adolescence?
a. experiences of loss or failure
b. parental loss or rejection
c. hormonal changes
d. peer acceptance
63. Parental loss or parental rejection increases an adolescent's vulnerability to ___________________.
c. early onset of puberty
d. romantic ideas about family formation
64. Research indicates that experiences of depression appear to be more common for which of the following?
a. children of working mothers
b. children of depressed mothers
c. fathers of adolescents
d. teachers of adolescents
65. Which of the following might lead to increased feelings of insecurity and worthlessness, and lack of confidence for adolescent girls?
a. lack of a part-time job
b. parental restrictions on dating
c. sexist microaggressions by teachers or male peers
d. ambitious academic goals
66. Why is a depressed mood in early adolescence of special concern?
a. It is linked to suicide and/or suicidal attempts.
b. It is linked to juvenile delinquency.
c. It is linked to lack of respect for authorities.
d. It is linked to delayed formal operational reasoning.
67. In the U.S., among those in the age range 15 to 24, what is the rate of suicides?
a. one every week
b. one every day
c. one every 2 hours
d. one every 2 minutes
68. Which of the following is a precipitating event that might lead to adolescent suicide?
a. a humiliating experience
b. a notable failure
c. rejection by a romantic partner
d. all of the these
69. Which of the following is most accurate about adolescent suicides?
a. Boys attempt suicide more often than girls.
b. Girls commit suicide more often than boys.
c. Low parental monitoring is a risk factor.
d. The number reported seems to be quite accurate.
70. In a study of the impact of the Signs of Suicide (SOS) prevention program in 92 schools, it was found that students who participated in the program .
a. showed an increase of help seeking of 60% in the month following the beginning of the program
b. showed increases in negative reactions after being exposed to information about suicide
c. were 34% less likely to commit suicide than students who were not in the program
d. were less likely to talk to teachers once the program began
71. During early adolescence, the peer group tends to become more than it had been at earlier ages.
c. tied to the neighborhood
72. What is the meaning of the term "crowd" in relation to the adolescent peer group?
a. a small group of 5 to 10 friends
b. all the people one adolescent knows by name
c. a large group recognized by a few predominant characteristics
d. all the popular kids in a school
73. Populars, gangsters, goths, and jocks are examples of .
a. high school organizations
b. peer organizations
c. social class roles
d. peer crowds
74. Which of the following is considered a characteristic of adolescent peer cliques?
a. They have boundaries.
b. They have expectations for behavior.
c. They can be identified by characteristic clothing, language, and places where they get together.
d. All of the these
75. Membership in peer groups helps adolescents learn important skills such as ________.
a. assessing group structure
b. avoiding delinquent behavior
c. being responsive to adult expectations
d. coping with media images