general business data bank
1. The Newman and Newman conceptualization of adolescence .
a. is the same as Erikson’s
b. argues for a single stage from the onset of puberty until the end of college
c. describes two distinct stages between the onset of puberty and the early 20s
d. emphasizes the importance of the development of individual identity during the high school years
2. Which of the following occurs during puberty?
a. concrete operational thought
b. slowing of the growth curve
c. maturation of the reproductive system
d. increased speed of linguistic competence,
3. The European American culture gives advantages to muscular, well developed males and petite-shaped females.
4. In her quest for success in the Olympic games, Carly Patterson .
a. did not attend school
b. had to lose 20 pounds
c. was encouraged to use steroids
d. practiced for about 32 hours per week
5. When adolescent athletes are punished for weight gain or encouraged to manipulate their weight in order to compete, they .
a. may experience serious health risks
b. perform better than they had previously
c leave the sport to defy their coach
d. experience earlier onset of the height spurt
6. During early adolescence, there is in the rate and sequence of development.
7. What is one of the earliest signs for the onset of puberty for girls?
a. breast buds
b. height spurt
d. increased muscle strength
8. Which of the following is an example of a secondary sex characteristic?
a. onset of menarche
b. growth of the penis
c. maturation of breasts
d. production of mature spe
9. Generally girls are more than boys about their physical appearance.
10. Cross-national research demonstrates a strong association between body dissatisfaction and ________.
d. conflict with parents
11. Which of the following is NOT found to be a predictor of body dissatisfaction among adolescent girls?
a. low grades in school
b. social pressures to be thin
c. internalized thin ideal body type
d. high body mass
12. What is the relationship of body dissatisfaction to eating disturbances?
a. Body dissatisfaction is linked to more physical activity which interferes with proper eating.
b. Girls who are dissatisfied with their body are likely to engage in extreme forms of dieting.
c. Girls who are dissatisfied with their weight are likely to be socially isolated.
d. Body dissatisfaction is universal among adolescent girls. There is no systematic relationship between body dissatisfaction and eating disturbances.
13. How is pubertal status related to physical activity?
a. Boys who are more advanced in pubertal status show increased physical activity.
b. Girls who are more advanced in pubertal status show increased physical activity.
c. Boys who are more advanced in pubertal status show decreased physical activity.
d. Girls who are more advanced in pubertal status show decreased physical activity.
14. What is one challenge faced by adolescent girls who do not live with their mothers?
a. They are embarrassed to ask their fathers about their pubertal development.
b. Their fathers know more than they do about pubertal development.
c. Their fathers talk to their boyfriends too much.
d. Their fathers do not know anything about girls’ pubertal development.
15. The onset of the menstrual cycle is called .
16. In general, how do girls react when they begin to menstruate?
a. mostly negative feelings
b. proud and happy
c. a mix of positive and negative feelings
d. they feel inadequate
17. When does the height spurt usually begin for boys?
a. at about age 15
b. at about age 10
c. about two years earlier than for girls
d. about 12 1/2
18. For boys, the rapid physical growth at puberty ______________________.
a. takes place at about the same rate in all parts of the body
b. is easily integrated into a new body image
c. is characterized by an increase in muscle strength about a year before the peak height spurt
d. may leave a boy awkward and uncoordinated for a time
19. Which of the following statements about sexual maturation is true for boys?
a. They are generally well-prepared by their parents for the maturation of the reproductive organs.
b. They often gain information about the maturation of the reproductive system from friends and through reading.
c. The ejaculation experience is associated with overwhelming feelings of anxiety and guilt.
d. Spontaneous ejaculation is one of the first physical signs of puberty.
20. For boys who are experiencing pubescent growth, shaving provides some evidence for _________ .
a. enhanced masculinity
b. peer group identification
c. the secular trend
d. understanding reproductive maturatio
21. Which of the following is an example of how culture shapes experience?
a. Early pubertal onset and weight increases were particularly strong predictors of negative body image and depression among African American girls.
b. Early pubertal onset and weight increases were not particularly strong predictors of negative body image and depression among European American girls.
c. Mexican girls become somewhat more depressed as they go through puberty, whereas Mexican boys experience an improved sense of body image and well being.
d. Mexican boys become somewhat more depressed as they go through puberty, whereas Mexican girls experience an improved sense of body image and well being.
22. Evidence of a secular trend can be found in the fact that ___________.
a. over the last 100 years people have developed a healthier diet
b. over the past 50 years, there has been a decline in the amount of exercise in an adolescent's life
c. over the last 100 years more and more adolescents have enrolled and graduated from high school
d. over the last 100 years people have attained their adult height at earlier ages
23. How is the timing of puberty related to self-image for late-maturing adolescent boys? They ________.
a. are likely to be self-conscious and have a negative self-image
b. are confident and assume leadership roles
c. have a more positive attitude about their physical appearance
d. are extremely narcissistic and self-absorbed