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16. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. All else equal, highcoupon bonds have less reinvestment rate risk than lowcoupon bonds.
b. All else equal, longterm bonds have less interest rate price risk than shortterm bonds.
c. All else equal, lowcoupon bonds have less interest rate price risk than highcoupon bonds.
d. All else equal, shortterm bonds have less reinvestment rate risk than longterm bonds.
e. All else equal, longterm bonds have less reinvestment rate risk than shortterm bonds.
17. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. One advantage of a zero coupon Treasury bond is that no one who owns the bond has to pay any taxes on it until it matures or is sold.
b. Longterm bonds have less interest rate price risk but more reinvestment rate risk than shortterm bonds.
c. If interest rates increase, all bond prices will increase, but the increase will be greater for bonds that have less interest rate risk.
d. Relative to a couponbearing bond with the same maturity, a zero coupon bond has more interest rate price risk but less reinvestment rate risk.
e. Longterm bonds have less interest rate price risk and also less reinvestment rate risk than shortterm bonds.
18. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If the maturity risk premium were zero and interest rates were expected to decrease in the future, then the yield curve for U.S. Treasury securities would, other things held constant, have an upward slope.
b. Liquidity premiums are generally higher on Treasury than corporate bonds.
c. The maturity premiums embedded in the interest rates on U.S. Treasury securities are due primarily to the fact that the probability of default is higher on longterm bonds than on shortterm bonds.
d. Default risk premiums are generally lower on corporate than on Treasury bonds.
e. Reinvestment rate risk is lower, other things held constant, on longterm than on shortterm bonds.
19. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. All else equal, senior debt generally has a lower yield to maturity than subordinated debt.
b. An indenture is a bond that is less risky than a mortgage bond.
c. The expected return on a corporate bond will generally exceed the bond's yield to maturity.
d. If a bond’s coupon rate exceeds its yield to maturity, then its expected return to investors will also exceed its yield to maturity.
e. Under our bankruptcy laws, any firmthatis in financial distress will be forced to declare bankruptcy and then be liquidated.
20. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If a coupon bond is selling at par, its current yield equals its yield to maturity.
b. If a coupon bond is selling at a discount, its price will continue to decline until it reaches its par value at maturity.
c. If interest rates increase, the price of a 10year coupon bond will decline by a greater percentage than the price of a 10year zero coupon bond.
d. If a bond’s yield to maturity exceeds its annual coupon, then the bond will trade at a premium.
e. If a coupon bond is selling at a premium, its current yield equals its yield to maturity.
21. A 10year bond with a 9% annual coupon has a yield to maturity of 8%. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If the yield to maturity remains constant, the bond’s price one year from now will be higher than its current price.
b. The bond is selling below its par value.
c. The bond is selling at a discount.
d. If the yield to maturity remains constant, the bond’s price one year from now will be lower than its current price.
e. The bond’s current yield is greater than 9%.
22. A Treasury bond has an 8% annual coupon and a 7.5% yield to maturity. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. The bond sells at a price below par.
b. The bond has a current yield greater than 8%.
c. The bond sells at a discount.
d. The bond’s required rate of return is less than 7.5%.
e. If the yield to maturity remains constant, the price of the bond will decline over time.
23. An investor is considering buying one of two 10year, $1,000 face value, noncallable bonds: Bond A has a 7% annual coupon, while Bond B has a 9% annual coupon. Both bonds have a yield to maturity of 8%, and the YTM is expected to remain constant for the next 10 years. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. Bond B has a higher price than Bond A today, but one year from now the bonds will have the same price.
b. One year from now, Bond A’s price will be higher than it is today.
c. Bond A’s current yield is greater than 8%.
d. Bond A has a higher price than Bond B today, but one year from now the bonds will have the same price.
e. Both bonds have the same price today, and the price of each bond is expected to remain constant until the bonds mature.
24. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If a bond is selling at a discount to par, its current yield will be greater than its yield to maturity.
b. All else equal, bonds with longer maturities have less interest rate (price) risk than bonds with shorter maturities.
c. If a bond is selling at its par value, its current yield equals its capital gains yield.
d. If a bond is selling at a premium, its current yield will be less than its capital gains yield.
e. All else equal, bonds with larger coupons have less interest rate (price) risk than bonds with smaller coupons.
25. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If a 10year, $1,000 par, zero coupon bond were issued at a price that gave investors a 10% yield to maturity, and if interest rates then dropped to the point where r_{d} = YTM = 5%, the bond would sell at a premium over its $1,000 par value.
b. If a 10year, $1,000 par, 10% coupon bond were issued at par, and if interest rates then dropped to the point where r_{d} = YTM = 5%, we could be sure that the bond would sell at a premium above its $1,000 par value.
c. Other things held constant, including the coupon rate, a corporation would rather issue noncallable bonds than callable bonds.
d. Other things held constant, a callable bond would have a lower required rate of return than a noncallable bond because it would have a shorter expected life.
e. Bonds are exposed to both reinvestment rate and interest rate price risk. Longerterm lowcoupon bonds, relative to shorterterm highcoupon bonds, are generally more exposed to reinvestment rate risk than interest rate price risk.
26. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If the Federal Reserve unexpectedly announces that it expects inflation to increase, then we would probably observe an immediate increase in bond prices.
b. The total yield on a bond is derived from dividends plus changes in the price of the bond.
c. Bonds are generally regarded as being riskier than common stocks, and therefore bonds have higher required returns.
d. Bonds issued by larger companies always have lower yields to maturity (due to less risk) than bonds issued by smaller companies.
e. The market price of a bond will always approach its par value as its maturity date approaches, provided the bond’s required return remains constant.
27. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If a coupon bond is selling at par, its current yield equals its yield to maturity.
b. If rates fall after its issue, a zero coupon bond could trade at a price above its maturity (or par) value.
c. If rates fall rapidly, a zero coupon bond’s expected appreciation could become negative.
d. If a firm moves from a position of strength toward financial distress, its bonds’ yield to maturity would probably decline.
e. If a bond is selling at a premium, this implies that its yield to maturity exceeds its coupon rate.
28. Bond X has an 8% annual coupon, Bond Y has a 10% annual coupon, and Bond Z has a 12% annual coupon. Each of the bonds is noncallable, has a maturity of 10 years, and has a yield to maturity of 10%. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If the bonds' market interest rate remains at 10%, Bond Z’s price will be lower one year from now than it is today.
b. Bond X has the greatest reinvestment rate risk.
c. If market interest rates decline, the prices of all three bonds will increase, but Z's price will have the largest percentage increase.
d. If market interest rates remain at 10%, Bond Z’s price will be 10% higher one year from today.
e. If market interest rates increase, Bond X’s price will increase, Bond Z’s price will decline, and Bond Y’s price will remain the same.
29. Bonds A, B, and C all have a maturity of 10 years and a yield to maturity of 7%. Bond A’s price exceeds its par value, Bond B’s price equals its par value, and Bond C’s price is less than its par value. None of the bonds can be called. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. If the yield to maturity on each bond decreases to 6%, Bond A will have the largest percentage increase in its price.
b. Bond A has the most interest rate risk.
c. If the yield to maturity on the three bonds remains constant, the prices of the three bonds will remain the same over the next year.
d. If the yield to maturity on each bond increases to 8%, the prices of all three bonds will decline.
e. Bond C sells at a premium over its par value.
30. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a. 10year, zero coupon bonds have more reinvestment rate risk than 10year, 10% coupon bonds.
b. A 10year, 10% coupon bond has less reinvestment rate risk than a 10year, 5% coupon bond (assuming all else equal).
c. The total (rate of) return on a bond during a given year is the sum of the coupon interest payments received during the year and the change in the value of the bond from the beginning to the end of the year, divided by the bond's price at the beginning of the year.
d. The price of a 20year, 10% bond is less sensitive to changes in interest rates than the price of a 5year, 10% bond.
e. A $1,000 bond with $100 annual interest payments that has 5 years to maturity and is not expected to default would sell at a discount if interest rates were below 9% and at a premium if interest rates were greater than 11%.

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