finance and data bank

Question # 00003937 Posted By: smartwriter Updated on: 11/23/2013 07:37 AM Due on: 11/30/2013
Subject Accounting Topic Accounting Tutorials:
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Multiple Choice Questions

1. Managerial accountants:

A. rarely become involved in an organization's decision-making activities.

B. make decisions that focus solely on an organization's accounting matters.

C. collect data and provide information so that decisions can be made.

D. often serve as a cross-functional team member, making a wide range of decisions.

E. become involved in activities "C" and "D."

2. Factors in a decision problem that cannot be expressed in numerical terms are:

A. qualitative in nature.

B. quantitative in nature.

C. predictive in nature.

D. sensitive in nature.

E. uncertain in nature.

3. At which step or steps in the decision-making process do qualitative considerations generally have the greatest impact?

A. Specifying the criterion and identifying the alternatives.

B. Developing a decision model.

C. Collecting the data.

D. Making a decision.

E. Identifying the alternatives.

4. An accounting information system should be designed to provide information that is useful. To be useful the information must be:

A. qualitative rather than quantitative.

B. unique and unavailable through other sources.

C. historical in nature and not purport to predict the future.

D. marginal between two alternatives.

E. relevant, accurate, and timely.


5. To be useful in decision making, information should possess which of the following characteristics?

Relevance

Accuracy

Timeliness

A.

Yes

No

Yes

B.

Yes

Yes

No

C.

Yes

Yes

Yes

D.

No

Yes

Yes

E.

No

No

Yes

6. A trade-off in a decision situation sometimes occurs between information:

A. accuracy and relevance.

B. relevance and uniqueness.

C. accuracy and timeliness.

D. sensitivity and accuracy.

E. sensitivity and relevance.

7. Which of the following best defines the concept of a relevant cost?

A. A past cost that is the same among alternatives.

B. A past cost that differs among alternatives.

C. A future cost that is the same among alternatives.

D. A future cost that differs among alternatives.

E. A cost that is based on past experience.

8. Consider the following costs and decision-making situations:

I. The cost of existing inventory, in a keep vs. disposal decision.

II. The cost of special electrical wiring, in an equipment acquisition decision.

III. The salary of a supervisor who will be transferred elsewhere in the organization, in a department-closure decision.

Which of the above costs is (are) relevant to the decision situation noted?

A. I only.

B. II only.

C. III only.

D. I and II.

E. II and III.


9. The following costs are relevant to the decision situation cited except:

A. the cost of hiring a full-time staff attorney, in a decision to establish an in-house legal department or retain the services of a prominent law firm.

B. the remodeling cost of existing office space, in a firm's decision to stay at its current location or move to a new building.

C. the long-term salary costs demanded by Joe Torrez (a superstar) and Rip Moran (an average player) in baseball contract negotiations, in a decision that determines the amounts by which ticket prices must be raised.

D. the cost to enhance an airline's Web site, in a decision to expand existing service to either Salt Lake City or Phoenix.

E. the commissions that could be earned by a salesperson, in a decision that involves salesperson compensation methods (i.e., commissions or flat monthly salaries).

10. Which of the following costs can be ignored when making a decision?

A. Opportunity costs.

B. Differential costs.

C. Sunk costs.

D. Relevant costs.

E. All future costs.

11. The book value of equipment currently owned by a firm is an example of a(n):

A. future cost.

B. differential cost.

C. comparative cost.

D. opportunity cost.

E. sunk cost.

12. The cost of inventory currently owned by a firm is an example of a(n):

A. opportunity cost.

B. sunk cost.

C. relevant cost.

D. differential cost.

E. future cost.


13. The City of Miami is about to replace an old fire truck with a new vehicle in an effort to save maintenance and other operating costs. Which of the following items, all related to the transaction, would not be considered in the decision?

A. Purchase price of the new vehicle.

B. Purchase price of the old vehicle.

C. Savings in operating costs as a result of the new vehicle.

D. Proceeds from disposal of the old vehicle.

E. Future depreciation on the new vehicle.

14. Elegant, Inc., has $125,000 of inventory that suffered minor smoke damage from a fire in the warehouse. The company can sell the goods "as is" for $45,000; alternatively, the goods can be cleaned and shipped to the firm's outlet center at a cost of $23,000. There the goods could be sold for $80,000. What alternative is more desirable and what is the relevant cost for that alternative?

A. Sell "as is," $125,000.

B. Clean and ship to outlet center, $23,000.

C. Clean and ship to outlet center, $103,000.

D. Clean and ship to outlet center, $148,000.

E. Neither alternative is desirable, as both produce a loss for the firm.

15. In early July, Mike Gottfried purchased a $70 ticket to the December 15 game of the Chicago Titans. (The Titans belong to the Midwest Football League and play their games outdoors on the shore of Lake Michigan.) Parking for the game was expected to cost approximately $22, and Gottfried would probably spend another $15 for a souvenir program and food. It is now December 14. The Titans were having a miserable season and the temperature was expected to peak at 5 degrees on game day. Mike therefore decided to skip the game and took his wife to the movies, with tickets and dinner costing $50. The sunk cost associated with this decision situation is:

A. $20.

B. $50.

C. $70.

D. $107.

E. some other amount.


16. In early July, Jim Lopez purchased a $70 ticket to the December 15 game of the Chicago Titans. (The Titans belong to the Midwest Football League and play their games outdoors on the shore of Lake Michigan.) Parking for the game was expected to cost approximately $22, and Lopez would probably spend another $15 for a souvenir program and food. It is now December 14. The Titans were having a miserable season and the temperature was expected to peak at 5 degrees on game day. Jim therefore decided to skip the game and took his wife to the movies, with tickets and dinner costing $50. The amount of sunk cost that should influence Jim’s decision to take his wife to the movies and dinner is:

A. $0.

B. $20.

C. $50.

D. $70.

E. some other amount.

17. An opportunity cost may be described as:

A. a forgone benefit.

B. an historical cost.

C. a specialized type of variable cost.

D. a specialized type of fixed cost.

E. a specialized type of semivariable cost.

18. The term "opportunity cost" is best defined as:

A. the amount of money paid for an item.

B. the amount of money paid for an item, taking inflation into account.

C. the amount of money paid for an item, taking possible discounts into account.

D. the benefit associated with a rejected alternative when making a choice.

E. an irrelevant decision factor.

19. A factory that makes a part has significant idle capacity. The factory's opportunity cost of making this part is equal to:

A. the variable manufacturing cost per unit.

B. the fixed manufacturing cost per unit.

C. the semivariable cost per unit.

D. the total manufacturing cost per unit.

E. zero.


20. Susan is contemplating a job offer with an advertising agency where she will make $54,000 in her first year of employment. Alternatively, Susan can begin to work in her father's business where she will earn an annual salary of $38,000. If Susan decides to work with her father, the opportunity cost would be:

A. $0.

B. $38,000.

C. $54,000.

D. $92,000.

E. irrelevant in deciding which job offer to accept.

21. Which of the following costs should be used when choosing between two decision alternatives?

Relevant

Cost

Sunk

Cost

Opportunity

Cost

A.

No

Yes

No

B.

No

Yes

Yes

C.

Yes

No

No

D.

Yes

No

Yes

E.

Yes

Yes

Yes

22. Triumph, Inc., is studying whether to expand operations by adding a new product line. Which of the following choices correctly denotes the costs that should be considered in this decision?

Opportunity Cost

Sunk Cost

A.

Yes

Yes

B.

Yes

Sometimes

C.

Yes

No

D.

No

Yes

E.

No

No

23. A special order generally should be accepted if:

A. its revenue exceeds allocated fixed costs, regardless of the variable costs associated with the order.

B. excess capacity exists and the revenue exceeds all variable costs associated with the order.

C. excess capacity exists and the revenue exceeds allocated fixed costs.

D. the revenue exceeds total costs, regardless of available capacity.

E. the revenue exceeds variable costs, regardless of available capacity.


24. Two months ago, Victory purchased 4,500 pounds of Hydrol, paying $15,300. The market for this product has been very strong since the acquisition, with the market price jumping to $4.05 per pound. (Victory can buy or sell Hydrol at this price.) The company recently received a special-order inquiry, one that would require the use of 4,200 pounds of Hydrol. Which of the following is (are) relevant in deciding whether to accept the special order?

A. The 300-pound remaining inventory of Hydrol.

B. The $4.05 market price.

C. The $3.40 purchase price.

D. 4,500 pounds of Hydrol.

E. More than one of the above factors are relevant.

25. Flower Company, which is operating at capacity, desires to add a new service to its rapidly expanding business. The service should be added as long as service revenues exceed:

A. variable costs.

B. fixed costs.

C. the sum of variable costs and fixed costs.

D. the sum of variable costs and any related opportunity costs.

E. the sum of variable costs, fixed costs, and any related opportunity costs.

26. Baxter has been approached about providing a new service to its clients. The company will bill clients $120 per hour; the related hourly variable and fixed operating costs will be $65 and $15, respectively. If all employees are currently working at full capacity on other client matters, the per-hour opportunity cost of being unable to provide this new service is:

A. $0.

B. $40.

C. $55.

D. $80.

E. $120.

27. Snider, Inc., which has excess capacity, received a special order for 4,000 units at a price of $15 per unit. Currently, production and sales are budgeted for 10,000 units without considering the special order. Budget information for the current year follows.

Sales

$190,000

Less: Cost of goods sold

145,000

Gross margin

$ 45,000

Cost of goods sold includes $30,000 of fixed manufacturing cost. If the special order is accepted, the company's income will:

A. increase by $2,000.

B. decrease by $2,000.

C. increase by $14,000.

D. decrease by $14,000.

E. change by some other amount.

28. Sound, Inc., reported the following results from the sale of 24,000 units of IT-54:

Sales

$528,000

Variable manufacturing costs

288,000

Fixed manufacturing costs

120,000

Variable selling costs

52,800

Fixed administrative costs

35,200

Rhythm Company has offered to purchase 3,000 IT-54s at $16 each. Sound has available capacity, and the president is in favor of accepting the order. She feels it would be profitable because no variable selling costs will be incurred. The plant manager is opposed because the "full cost" of production is $17. Which of the following correctly notes the change in income if the special order is accepted?

A. $3,000 decrease.

B. $3,000 increase.

C. $12,000 decrease.

D. $12,000 increase.

E. None of the above.

29. CompTronics, a manufacturer of computer peripherals, has excess capacity. The company's Utah plant has the following per-unit cost structure for item no. 89:

Variable manufacturing

$40

Fixed manufacturing

15

Variable selling

8

Fixed selling

11

Traceable fixed administrative

4

Allocated administrative

2

The traceable fixed administrative cost was incurred at the Utah plant; in contrast, the allocated administrative cost represents a "fair share" of CompTronics' corporate overhead. Utah has been presented with a special order of 5,000 units of item no. 89 on which no selling cost will be incurred. The proper relevant cost in deciding whether to accept this special order would be:

A. $40.

B. $59.

C. $61.

D. $80.

E. some other amount.

30. The term "outsourcing" is most closely associated with:

A. special-order decisions.

B. make-or-buy decisions.

C. equipment replacement decisions.

D. decisions to process joint products beyond the split-off point.

E. decisions that involve limited resources.

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Tutorials for this Question
  1. Tutorial # 00003717 Posted By: smartwriter Posted on: 11/23/2013 07:38 AM
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    in a decision that involves salesperson compensation methods (i.e., ...
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