DeVry ECET210 Lab 6 Frequency Response of Low...........
Question # 00198117
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Updated on: 02/16/2016 07:50 AM Due on: 06/15/2016
Laboratory Procedures
DeVry University
College of Engineering and Information Sciences
OBJECTIVES
To analyze a RC Low Pass Filter using simulation and circuit measurement.
To analyze a RC High Pass Filter using simulation and circuit measurement.
To analyze a LC Band Pass Filter using simulation and circuit measurement.
II. PARTS LIST
Equipment:
IBM PC or Compatible
Function Generator
Dual Channel Oscilloscope
Parts:
1  50 ? Resistor 1  470 nF, 50 V Capacitor
1  330 ? Resistor 4  47 µF, 35 V Capacitor
4  4.7 mH Inductor 2  100 µF, 25 V Capacitor
1  470 mH, Inductor
Software:
MultiSim 11
III. PROCEDURE
Simulation of RC Low Pass Filter 
Enter the circuit shown in Figure 1 in MultiSim.
Figure 1  Low Pass Filter
Set the function generator voltage, VIn = 1 VP.
Simulate the circuit shown for various frequencies indicated in Table 1 below. Record the output voltage, VOut, for each frequency and calculate the gain using the formula: 20 log(VOut PP / VIn PP).
Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB
100 2000
200 4000
400 8000
800 10000
1000
Table 1 – Low Pass Filter Frequency Response Simulation Data
Low
Determine the voltage “Gain/Loss” in dB for the frequency response plot. Plot the simulation data of on the semilog graph sheet below. The frequency must be on the X axis and the GaindB on the Y–axis.
What is the 3 dB cutoff frequency from the plot?
fC =___________________
Calculate the 3 dB Cutoff frequency using the formula: fC = 1/(2 ? R C)
fC =___________________
Does the simulated measurement agree with the theoretical calculation?
Yes ______ No ______
B. Simulation of RC High Pass Filter
Enter the circuit shown in Figure 2 in MultiSim.
Figure 2  High Pass Filter
Set the function generator voltage, VIn = 1 VP
Simulate the circuit shown for various frequencies indicated in Table 2 and record the output voltage and gain.
Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB
100 2000
200 4000
400 8000
800 10000
1000
Table 2  Low Pass Filter Frequency Response Simulation Data
Determine the voltage “Gain/Loss” in dB for the frequency response plot. Plot the simulation data of on the semilog graph sheet below.
What is the 3 dB cutoff frequency from the plot?
fC =___________________
Calculate the 3 dB Cutoff frequency using the formula: fC = 1/(2 ? R C)
fC =___________________
Does the simulated measurement agree with the theoretical calculation?
Yes ______ No ______
C. Simulation of LC Band Pass Filter
Enter the circuit shown in Figure 3 in MultiSim.
Figure 3  LC Band Pass Filter
Setup the function generator voltage, VIn = 1 VP.
Simulate the circuit shown for various frequencies indicated in Table 3 and record the output voltage and gain.
Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB
200 340
250 344
280 348
290 355
300 352
320 356
324 360
330
Table 3 – Band Pass Filter Frequency Response Simulation Data
Determine the voltage “Gain/Loss” in dB for the frequency response plot. Plot the simulation data of on the semilog graph sheet below.
What are the 3 dB cutoff frequencies from the plot?
Upper fC =_____________ Low fC =_____________
The LC band pass filter is PI Section filter which has been designed using the website:
http://www.raltron.com/cust/tools/band_pass_filters.asp
The filter has been designed to operate at a center frequency, fo of 340 Hz and a 3dB Bandwidth of 10% of fo.
Log in to the above website; feed the data of center frequency and the bandwidth desired. Verify if the design values chosen for the lab experiment are close enough.
What are the calculated 3 dB cutoff frequencies?
Upper fC =_____________ Low fC =_____________
Do the simulated measurements agree with the theoretical calculations?
Yes ______ No ______
Increase or decrease the center frequency by 5 and recalculate the element values. Note and record the new design parameters. What can you comment on the new design values when compared with the original values?
The filter can be reconfigured to a T–type using the transformation shown below:
Some useful formulas for the Constant K type band pass filter design:
fC = Filter Center Design frequency
R0 = Filter Design Impedance
f1 and f2 => 3 dB cutoff frequencies, Lower & Upper..
Also, f1 x f2 = fC2
Bandwidth = f2 – f1
L_1= R_0/(? (f_2 f_1))
L_2= (R_0 (f_2 f_1))/(4? f_C^2 )
C_1= ( (f_2 f_1))/(4? ?R_0 f?_C^2 )
C_2= 1/(? R_0 (f_2 f_1))
Source for the above formulas: “HANDBOOK OF LINE COMMUNICATIONS”, A Royal Signals Pub., 1947.
Using the suggested transformation, change the original PI type filter to Ttype and simulate to verify if it works as the original. Include the new filter topology below here.
Did the filter work as the original? YES NO
D. Breadboard Construction of the three Filters
Build the three filters simulated above on a breadboard, one at a time
Use a Function Generator to excite the filters and check for the pass band and the cut off frequencies.
Submit a photograph of each of your working circuits (online) or have your instructor signoff each circuit (onsite).
DeVry University
College of Engineering and Information Sciences
OBJECTIVES
To analyze a RC Low Pass Filter using simulation and circuit measurement.
To analyze a RC High Pass Filter using simulation and circuit measurement.
To analyze a LC Band Pass Filter using simulation and circuit measurement.
II. PARTS LIST
Equipment:
IBM PC or Compatible
Function Generator
Dual Channel Oscilloscope
Parts:
1  50 ? Resistor 1  470 nF, 50 V Capacitor
1  330 ? Resistor 4  47 µF, 35 V Capacitor
4  4.7 mH Inductor 2  100 µF, 25 V Capacitor
1  470 mH, Inductor
Software:
MultiSim 11
III. PROCEDURE
Simulation of RC Low Pass Filter 
Enter the circuit shown in Figure 1 in MultiSim.
Figure 1  Low Pass Filter
Set the function generator voltage, VIn = 1 VP.
Simulate the circuit shown for various frequencies indicated in Table 1 below. Record the output voltage, VOut, for each frequency and calculate the gain using the formula: 20 log(VOut PP / VIn PP).
Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB
100 2000
200 4000
400 8000
800 10000
1000
Table 1 – Low Pass Filter Frequency Response Simulation Data
Low
Determine the voltage “Gain/Loss” in dB for the frequency response plot. Plot the simulation data of on the semilog graph sheet below. The frequency must be on the X axis and the GaindB on the Y–axis.
What is the 3 dB cutoff frequency from the plot?
fC =___________________
Calculate the 3 dB Cutoff frequency using the formula: fC = 1/(2 ? R C)
fC =___________________
Does the simulated measurement agree with the theoretical calculation?
Yes ______ No ______
B. Simulation of RC High Pass Filter
Enter the circuit shown in Figure 2 in MultiSim.
Figure 2  High Pass Filter
Set the function generator voltage, VIn = 1 VP
Simulate the circuit shown for various frequencies indicated in Table 2 and record the output voltage and gain.
Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB
100 2000
200 4000
400 8000
800 10000
1000
Table 2  Low Pass Filter Frequency Response Simulation Data
Determine the voltage “Gain/Loss” in dB for the frequency response plot. Plot the simulation data of on the semilog graph sheet below.
What is the 3 dB cutoff frequency from the plot?
fC =___________________
Calculate the 3 dB Cutoff frequency using the formula: fC = 1/(2 ? R C)
fC =___________________
Does the simulated measurement agree with the theoretical calculation?
Yes ______ No ______
C. Simulation of LC Band Pass Filter
Enter the circuit shown in Figure 3 in MultiSim.
Figure 3  LC Band Pass Filter
Setup the function generator voltage, VIn = 1 VP.
Simulate the circuit shown for various frequencies indicated in Table 3 and record the output voltage and gain.
Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB Frequency, Hz VOut PP GaindB
200 340
250 344
280 348
290 355
300 352
320 356
324 360
330
Table 3 – Band Pass Filter Frequency Response Simulation Data
Determine the voltage “Gain/Loss” in dB for the frequency response plot. Plot the simulation data of on the semilog graph sheet below.
What are the 3 dB cutoff frequencies from the plot?
Upper fC =_____________ Low fC =_____________
The LC band pass filter is PI Section filter which has been designed using the website:
http://www.raltron.com/cust/tools/band_pass_filters.asp
The filter has been designed to operate at a center frequency, fo of 340 Hz and a 3dB Bandwidth of 10% of fo.
Log in to the above website; feed the data of center frequency and the bandwidth desired. Verify if the design values chosen for the lab experiment are close enough.
What are the calculated 3 dB cutoff frequencies?
Upper fC =_____________ Low fC =_____________
Do the simulated measurements agree with the theoretical calculations?
Yes ______ No ______
Increase or decrease the center frequency by 5 and recalculate the element values. Note and record the new design parameters. What can you comment on the new design values when compared with the original values?
The filter can be reconfigured to a T–type using the transformation shown below:
Some useful formulas for the Constant K type band pass filter design:
fC = Filter Center Design frequency
R0 = Filter Design Impedance
f1 and f2 => 3 dB cutoff frequencies, Lower & Upper..
Also, f1 x f2 = fC2
Bandwidth = f2 – f1
L_1= R_0/(? (f_2 f_1))
L_2= (R_0 (f_2 f_1))/(4? f_C^2 )
C_1= ( (f_2 f_1))/(4? ?R_0 f?_C^2 )
C_2= 1/(? R_0 (f_2 f_1))
Source for the above formulas: “HANDBOOK OF LINE COMMUNICATIONS”, A Royal Signals Pub., 1947.
Using the suggested transformation, change the original PI type filter to Ttype and simulate to verify if it works as the original. Include the new filter topology below here.
Did the filter work as the original? YES NO
D. Breadboard Construction of the three Filters
Build the three filters simulated above on a breadboard, one at a time
Use a Function Generator to excite the filters and check for the pass band and the cut off frequencies.
Submit a photograph of each of your working circuits (online) or have your instructor signoff each circuit (onsite).

Rating:
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Solution: DeVry ECET210 Lab 6 Frequency Response of Low...........